Muscles

Layers of the Abdominal Wall

Muscles of the Anterior Abdominal Wall – 3D Anatomy Tutorial

Built By Science Abdominals bodybuilding.com
Anterior Core

“..These are the abdominal muscles you’ll find on the front of your body. They’re comprised of three layers: the deep layer, the intermediate layer, and the superficial layer”

Deep Layer

“..Pelvic Floor

The pelvic floor is made of muscles positioned below your pelvis. When you take a deep breath, your diaphragm comes down, and your pelvic floor catches the breath. The thoracic diaphragm and the pelvic floor pressurize and stabilize your spine…”

Posterior Core

“Your core consists of more than just the muscles on the front of your body. It’s important to know what’s happening on the back. We’re going to focus on three specific muscle groups in this section: the multifidus, quadratus lumborum, and erector spinae.

Multifidus

The multifidi are small muscles that span 2-4 segments of the spine. You’ll never see them, but they’re important because they give your brain feedback about where your body is in space. These muscles also help control little movements throughout your spine.

Quadratus Lumborum (QL)

This big muscle runs from the top of the hip all the way up to your lower back. It’s important for side-to-side movements, but it’s even more important for preventing side movement. Your QL is necessary for controlling or resisting motion.

Erector Spinae

This muscle group starts at the sacrum and the top of the hip and connects to the ribcage, the top of your neck, and even as high as the base of your skull. These muscles are important for controlling motion during squats and deadlifts. If you need to maintain a little extension, that’s where erector spinae come into play.”

Muscles of the Posterior Abdominal Wall – 3D Anatomy Tutorial

Serratus posterior inferior muscle – Anatomy & Function – Human Anatomy | Kenhub

Muscles healthline.com
“..
The abdominal muscles provide postural support, protect internal organs in the abdominal and pelvic regions, and perform other functions. ..”

Abdominal Muscle Anatomy fitstep.com
“..Abdominal Exercises

Some common exercises that work the Abdominals include:..”
Core stability physio-pedia.com

TYPES

Below are some of the different sit-ups I “try” to do every other morning. Feel free to click on the pic for the video link to watch to see how it’s done. Any feedback (e.g. suggestions, comments, question, etc..) is always welcome…

Fitness: Morning Routine-Upper Abs: Raised leg Crunches
Fitness: Morning Routine-Upper Abs: Raised leg Cruncheshttps://youtu.be/Twmjy2nNXtE*note: sorry for foggyness of the video as I filmed it in the morning during humid weather

Fitness: Morning Routine-“Sit-ups: Alternating Obliques”

Fitness: Morning Routine-“Sit-ups: Bicycle Kick”

Fitness: Morning Routine-“Sit-ups: Side Crunches”

Fitness: Morning Routine-“Sit-ups: Side Crunches”

Fitness: Morning Routine-“Abs: Vertical Air Bicycle Kick”

Fitness: Morning Routine-“Abs: “Lolo Jones” Crunches”

Others:

Abs 101 Workout muscleandfitness.com
Check out this quick primer on ab anatomy and get your midsection looking sharp.
Shawn Perine thumbnail by Shawn Perine shawnperine
The Workout

“..
In putting together the ultimate ab routine you want to make sure to hit each of the four visible muscle groups, but by the same token, don’t want to create such a long, arduous routine that you’ll never want to do it. So, a combination of thoroughness and efficiency is key, and the best way to achieve that is by figuring a way of hitting the most areas of the abdominal region using the fewest exercises.

As you probably know, there’s a wealth of ab exercises at our disposal that cover every square inch of the midsection. But for our purposes we will limit your workout to six of our favorites, to be performed in three different pairings twice a week, followed by what we call “Gut Busters” [see Exercise Descriptions].

That’s six workouts a week—a lot to be sure—but the right amount if you want standout abs come June 21st. Also keep in mind that each of the three distinct workouts should take you a total of around five minutes—brief, but intense and effective…’
Six-Pack To Go: Abdominal Training! bodybuilding.com

HUMAN ANATOMY
*see Medical: Parts of the Muscular System goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Atlas – Main muscles of the trunk kenhub.com

Muscles of the Abdomen, Lower Back and Pelvis innerbody.com

(see Fitness: Kinesiology-Kinematic Exercise Types goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com)

Lateral Flexion

How to Do an Abdominal Crunch – YouTube

Supine Abdominal Curl pilates.com
Exercise-Supine abdominal crunch.m4v

How to Do an Ab Reverse Curl | Ab Workout

Obliques

Lying Side Hip Raises – YouTube

Tranverse Abdominus

Abdominal Muscle Anatomy physio-pedia.com

“..The transversus abdominis muscle is the deepest of the abdominal muscles, lying internally to the internal abdominal obliques. It is a thin sheet of muscle whose fibres run horizontally anteriorly. It arises as fleshy fibres from the deep surface of the lower six costal cartilages, the lumbar fascia, the anteror two-thirds of the iliac crest and the lateral third of the inguinal ligament. It inserts into the xiphoid process, the linea alba and the symphsis pubis. The lowest tendinous fibres join similar fibres from the interior obliques to form the conjoint tendon which is fixed to the pubic crest and the pectineal line[2].[6]..”

1. Strengthening Exercises
a. How to Exercise Transverse Abdominal Muscles Updated on May 17, 2017 caloriebee.com
“…We are going to concentrate on the transverse abdominis or your “T ABS,” as it is your secret ingredient. Your T ABS are your body’s natural corset. Though you may not see these muscles as you can the rectus abdominis and obliques, the T ABS hold everything in. Imagine an old rubber band that’s been used and re-used. It eventually gets weak and is no longer useful for holding things. That old rubberband is like your T ABS, especially as you age or experience pregnancy. If the T ABS are weak, your belly will literally “hang out.” Failure to achieve your dream mid-section is usually due to improper training of these muscles. However, particular exercises will strengthen and pull your T ABS inward, creating a slimmer mid-section…”

Transverse Abdominis Exercises
https://youtu.be/GX3PVLFjheg
*great for post-prenatal, vocal singing exercises, etc..

3 transverse abdominis exercises for core stability – YouTube

How to Do a Prone Plank | Abs Workout

Ab Rollout on Stability Ball

Stability Ball Bridge with Alternate Leg Extension

*see Fitness: How to reverse common Abnormal Postures? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Categories

1. Which Exercises Improve Abdominal Endurance? by ANDREA CESPEDES Last Updated: Sep 11, 2017 livestrong.com
-Posterior Pelvic Tilts
How To Fix Posterior Pelvic Tilt – Stretches & Exercises August 3, 2017 backauthority.com
-Side Lying Torso Raise
Lying Oblique Leg Raises – Abs Exercise Guide with Photos
0
shapefit.com
-Supine Pelvic Tilts
ACE Fit | Ab Exercises | Supine Pelvic Tilts acefitness.org
2. Static Core Stability Exercises brianmac.co.uk
-Prone Plank
How to Do the Perfect Plank greatist.com
-Side Plank
6 Side Plank Variations for a Killer Core stack.com
3. Dynamic Core Stability Exercises dailyvitamoves.com
-Abdominal rollout on stability ball
Stability Ball Roll Out: Best Abs Exercises ( A ), from youtube.com
-Alternate Leg Bridge on Stability Ball
EXERCISE BALL – FLOOR BRIDGE ALTERNATE LEG LIFT -hep2go, from youtube.com
4. Trunk Extension Exercise Progressions – My Rehab Connection myrehabconnection.com
-Modified “Superman” on BOSU
Workout of the Week #12: Bosu Ball Superman, from youtube.com
-Birddog
Benefits of the Bird Dog Exercise and 8 Challenging Variations
Updated: September 23, 2016 stack.com
-Prone Hyperextension
Hyperextensions for a Strong Lower Back by Lynn Glenn musclemagfitness.com

Specifics

-Men

The 25 Best Abs Exercises By The Editors of Men’s Health March 1, 2014 menshealth.com
Refresh your workout with these ab exercises

-Women

Pool Workout For Abs and Core | Bikini Body Workout | Fitness How To

Why You Don’t Have Six-Pack Abs


“Published on Nov 9, 2016

Apply for coaching (limited slots): https://shedyourfat.com discount “youtube””

Athleanathleanx.com
Smart Snacks for Six Pack Abs


How to Get a Six Pack – ULTIMATE STEP BY STEP GUIDE!! from youtube.com

5 Benefits of Doing Plank Exercise December 05, 2014 • 1,439,176 views fitness.mercola.com
“…The plank is one of the best exercises for core conditioning but it also works your glutes and hamstrings, supports proper posture, and improves balance.

There are many variations you can try to add intensity and work different areas of your body. In the video above, personal trainer Jill Rodriguez demonstrates plank variations you can use to help improve your posture, balance, and overall fitness…”

Pelvic Tilt Form, Muscles Worked, Benefits – Home Gym Exercises homegym-exercises.com/
Best Exercises for Pregnancy – Pelvic tilts and raises

WARNINGS
*see Fitness: Kinesiology-Kinematic Exercise Types goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Are Sit Ups Bad for You? The U.S. Military Seems to Think So… Cameron Baker June 15, 2016 issaonline.edu

Straight Leg Sit-ups – YouTube
Video for straight leg sit ups not recommended

Situps, Hip Flexors & Lordosis by CHRIS DANIELS Last Updated: Sep 17, 2011 livestrong.com
“…
Safety

Though hyperlordosis can arise from weak muscles, treat it as a medical problem rather than a fitness problem. If you already have hyperlodosis, or other back problems, consult your doctor before beginning new exercise programs. While exercise is an important part of improving back health, exercising with back problems places you at a much higher risk of injury. Your doctor can help tailor exercises to your individual medical and physical condition.
..”

Q Ab/Core Exercises Are leg-lowering exercises effective for training my lower abs? sharecare.com
“.. National Academy of Sports Medicine answered
While most people feel the effects of leg-lowering exercises in the lower ab region, the primary muscles being used during these movements are the hip flexors. The main hip flexor, the psoas, passes right through the lower abdominal region as it runs from the lower back to the outside of the upper thigh; as it gets stressed and fatigued during this exercise, many people will feel it working and mistake this for the lower abs, which are in the same general area. A word of caution: leg-lowering exercises are potentially risky and can wreak havoc on the lower back if you lack proper core stability and flexibility in the hips. If you are unable to perform the movement without your lower back moving off of the floor, then you should work on improving the flexibility of your hip flexor muscles and stability of your core before incorporating leg-lowering into your program as this can place extreme stress on the vertebrae in the lower back. Instead, try a reverse crunch or knee-ups as these exercises tend to be a little more lower-back friendly…”

Any other sit-ups you do that you would like to recommend?

Good News Fitness

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