Understanding Blood Pressure Readings heart.org
“..What do your blood pressure numbers mean?
The only way to know (diagnose) if you have high blood pressure (HBP or hypertension) is to have your blood pressure tested. Understanding your blood pressure numbers is key to controlling high blood pressure.
Healthy and unhealthy blood pressure ranges
Learn what’s considered normal, as recommended by the American Heart Association…
Your blood pressure is recorded as two numbers:
Systolic blood pressure (the upper number) — indicates how much pressure your blood is exerting against your artery walls when the heart beats.
Diastolic blood pressure (the lower number) — indicates how much pressure your blood is exerting against your artery walls while the heart is resting between beats.
Which number is more important?
Typically, more attention is given to systolic blood pressure (the top number) as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease for people over 50. In most people, systolic blood pressure rises steadily with age due to the increasing stiffness of large arteries, long-term build-up of plaque and an increased incidence of cardiac and vascular disease. However, elevated systolic or diastolic blood pressure alone may be used to make a diagnosis of high blood pressure. And, according to recent studies, the risk of death from ischemic heart disease and stroke doubles with every 20 mm Hg systolic or 10 mm Hg diastolic increase among people from age 40 to 89.”
Understanding Low Blood Pressure — Diagnosis and Treatment webmd.com
“..Symptoms of dizziness and lightheadedness when you stand up from sitting or lying down — with a decrease in your blood pressure — may indicate a condition called postural hypotension. A wide range of underlying conditions may also cause your symptoms. It’s important to identify the cause of low blood pressure so appropriate treatment can be given…”
What Are the Treatments for Low Blood Pressure?
For many people, chronic low blood pressure can be effectively treated with diet and lifestyle changes.
Depending on the cause of your symptoms, your doctor may tell you to increase your blood pressure by making these simple changes:
Eat a diet higher in salt.
Drink lots of nonalcoholic fluids.
Limit alcoholic beverages.
Drink more fluids during hot weather and while sick with a viral illness, such as a cold or the flu.
Have your doctor evaluate your prescription and over-the-counter medications to see if any of them are causing your symptoms.
Get regular exercise to promote blood flow…”
Hyponatremia (Low Blood Sodium) medicinenet.com
Hyponatremia refers to a low level of sodium in the blood.
Hyponatremia may result from excess fluid in the body relative to a normal amount of sodium, or it may be due to a loss of sodium and body fluid.
Symptoms are nonspecific and can include:..”
Hypertension: Causes, symptoms, and treatments Last updated Mon 17 July 2017 By Markus MacGill
Reviewed by Carissa Stephens, RN, CCRN, CPN medicalnewstoday.com
“…Occasionally having high blood pressure for a short time is a normal physiological response to many situations. Acute stress and intense exercise, for example, can briefly elevate blood pressure in a healthy person.
For this reason, a diagnosis of hypertension normally requires several readings that show high blood pressure over time…”
Low blood pressure: how to raise it naturally oanna Sochan05.2015 naturimedica.com
Include more sea/ unrefined salt in your diet – salt helps to increase low blood pressure and also assists in restoring some of the causes of sodium loss within the cells. Salt craving is a common symptom of adrenal fatigue. Check out a few dietary strategies to safely include sea salt in your food intake.
If you are a vegetarian, your blood pressure may be normally lower (around 95/65). If so, then your low blood pressure does not necessarily mean you have low adrenal function.
Potassium normalises blood pressure – this mineral is absolutely necessary for normal blood pressure. Adequate potassium in the diet is a simple health basic that just can’t be ignored when dealing with cardiovascular issues. High potassium foods include fruits such as bananas, citrus fruits, vegetables, legumes and chia seeds – a particularly high source.
How to lower your blood pressure bloodpressureuk.org
“…But the good news is that if you have high blood pressure, healthy changes will help to bring it down. And you don’t have to wait until you have high blood pressure to make healthy lifestyle changes. The more you can reduce your blood pressure, the lower your risk of a heart attack or stroke will be.
1. Blood Pressure Diet – Eat less salt
Too much salt raises your blood pressure, so it is important to eat as little as possible. In fact, some people with high blood pressure may be able to avoid blood pressure medicines by cutting down on salt…
4. Blood Pressure Diet – Drink less alcohol
If you drink too much alcohol, this will raise your blood pressure over time. The current recommended limits are 14 units of alcohol a week for men and women. A unit is roughly half a pint of beer or cider, a small glass of wine, or a single pub measure of spirits…
5. Blood Pressure and Exercise – Get more active
Being moderately active for 30 minutes five times a week can keep your heart healthy, and can lower your blood pressure. If you can’t find 30 minutes in your day, increasing your activity by even a small amount can help…”
“..An important part of healthy eating is choosing foods that are low in salt and other forms of sodium. Using less sodium is key to keeping blood pressure at a healthy level. Consume no more than 2.4 grams of sodium a day.
Increase your intake of water. Make sure that you have at least eight glasses of water every day. This will not only keep your body hydrated, but also help to get rid of the excess salt and harmful toxins.
If you’re overweight, losing 10 pounds can help reduce or prevent high blood pressure. To lose weight, take in fewer calories than you use each day. Maintaining a healthy weight is one of the best ways to lower blood pressure naturally. Cardiovascular exercises like walking, running, jogging and swimming are useful for maintaining proper heart health…
The biggest contributor to rising stress levels is work related stress. Long working hours and personal problems, raises stress which can lead to a sharp increase in blood pressure. Try to find ways to reduce stress like doing light physical activities or indulging in your favorite pastime. This will help you to deal with stress and lower your blood pressure…
*see How to deal with Anxiety-Stress in life? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
Breathing exercises can be learned which can help you lower high blood pressure naturally. These exercises involve learning to slow down your breathing while breathing deeper at the same time. This also slows your heart rate and lowers your blood pressure and can be a great natural remedy for hypertension.
While following the aforementioned measures might prove beneficial in lowering your blood pressure, make sure that you take your drugs that have been prescribed by your doctor. If high blood pressure is caused by an underlying medical condition, treating that condition will help in lowering blood pressure as well. Thanks for watching the video. ..”
how to lower blood pressure naturally August 1, 2014
1/14 double brai/shutterstock prevention.com
High blood pressure plays a contributing role in more than 15% of deaths in the United States, according to a Harvard study. Although it causes no symptoms, high blood pressure boosts the risks of leading killers such as heart attack and stroke, as well as aneurysms, cognitive decline, and kidney failure. Twenty-eight percent of Americans have high blood pressure and don’t know it, according to the American Heart Association. If you haven’t had yours checked in 2 years, see a doctor.
While medication can lower blood pressure, it may cause side effects such as leg cramps, dizziness, and insomnia. Fortunately, most people can bring down their blood pressure naturally without medication with home remedies for low blood pressure (called hypotension). First, get to a healthy weight (these tips can help you get there). Then try these strategies to reduce the risk of heart disease.
1. Go for power walks
Hypertensive patients who went for fitness walks at a brisk pace lowered pressure by almost 8 mmHg over 6 mmHg. Exercise helps the heart use oxygen more efficiently, so it doesn’t work as hard to pump blood.
Get a vigorous cardio workout of at least 30 minutes on most days of the week for low blood pressure. Try increasing speed or distance so you keep challenging your ticker.
2. Breathe deeply
Slow breathing and meditative practices such as qigong, yoga, and tai chi decrease stress hormones, which elevate renin, a kidney enzyme that raises blood pressure. Try 5 minutes in the morning and at night for low blood pressure. Inhale deeply and expand your belly. Exhale and release all of your tension. (Try these stress-busting yoga poses to relieve tension.)
3. Pick potatoes
Loading up on potassium-rich fruits and vegetables is an important part of any blood pressure–lowering program, says Linda Van Horn, PhD, RD, a professor of preventive medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. Aim for 2,000 to 4,000 mg of potassium a day, she says.
(Are you at risk for the No. 1 cause of heart-related death?)
Top sources of potassium-rich produce to achieve low blood pressure include sweet potatoes…
…, tomatoes, orange juice, potatoes, bananas, kidney beans, peas, cantaloupe, honeydew melon, and dried fruits such as prunes and raisins.
4. Be salt smart
Cutting sodium means more than going easy on the saltshaker, which contributes just 15% of the sodium in the typical American diet. (For more ways to reduce your sodium, see 6 simple ways to lower your salt intake.) Watch for sodium in processed foods, Obarzanek warns. That’s where most of the sodium in your diet comes from, she says. Season foods with spices, herbs, lemon, and salt-free seasoning blends.
5. Indulge in dark chocolate
Dark chocolate varieties contain flavanols that make blood vessels more elastic and increase the chances of low blood pressure. In one study, 18% of patients who ate it every day saw blood pressure decrease. Have half an ounce daily, and make sure it contains at least 70% cocoa.
6. Take a supplement
In a review of 12 studies, researchers found that coenzyme Q10 reduced blood pressure by up to 17 mmHg over 10 mmHg.
The antioxidant, required for energy production, dilates blood vessels. Ask your doctor about taking a 60 to 100 mg supplement up to three times a day for low blood pressure.
7. Drink (a little) alcohol
According to a review of 15 studies, the less you drink, the lower your blood pressure will drop—to a point. A study of women at Boston’s Brigham and Women’s Hospital, for example, found that light drinking (defined as one-quarter to one-half a drink per day for a woman) may actually reduce blood pressure more than no drinks per day. (Check out your body on alcohol for more insight.)
8. Switch to decaf coffee
Caffeine can raise blood pressure by tightening blood vessels and by magnifying the effects of stress, says Jim Lane, PhD, an associate research professor at Duke and the lead author of the study. “When you’re under stress, your heart starts pumping a lot more blood, boosting blood pressure,” he says. “And caffeine exaggerates that effect.” If you drink a lot of joe, pour more decaf to protect your ticker with low blood pressure.
9. Take up tea
10. Work (a bit) less
Putting in more than 41 hours per week at the office raises your risk of hypertension by 15%, according to a University of California, Irvine, study of 24,205 California residents. Doing overtime makes it hard to exercise and eat healthy, says Haiou Yang, PhD, the lead researcher. It may be difficult to clock out super-early in today’s tough economic times, but try to leave at a decent hour—so you can go to the gym or cook a healthy meal—as often as possible for low blood pressure. Follow these tips to make your weekends stress-free. Set an end-of-day message on your computer as a reminder to turn it off and go home.
11. Relax with music
Need to bring down your blood pressure a bit more than medication or lifestyle changes can do alone? The right tunes can help you get low blood pressure, according to researchers at the University of Florence in Italy. They asked 28 adults who were already taking hypertension medication to listen to soothing classical, Celtic, or Indian music for 30 minutes daily while breathing slowly. After a week, the listeners had lowered their average systolic reading by 3.2 points; a month later, readings were down 4.4 points.
12. Seek help for snoring
It’s time to heed your partner’s complaints and get that snoring checked out. Loud, incessant snores are one of the main symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). University of Alabama researchers found that many sleep apnea sufferers also had high levels of aldosterone, a hormone that can boost blood pressure. In fact, it’s estimated that half of all people with sleep apnea have high blood pressure.
If you have sleep apnea, you may experience many brief yet potentially life-threatening interruptions in your breathing while you sleep. In addition to loud snoring, excessive daytime tiredness and early-morning headaches are also good clues. If you have high blood pressure, ask your doctor if OSA could be behind it; treating sleep apnea may lower aldosterone levels and improve BP.
13. Jump for soy
A study from Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association found for the first time that replacing some of the refined carbohydrates in your diet to achieve low blood pressure with foods high in soy or milk protein, such as low-fat dairy, can bring down systolic blood pressure if you have hypertension or prehypertension.
*see Health: Nutrition-Foods to Know About goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
Health & Fitness: Trying to lose weight? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
Medical: How the Heart Functions? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
Thoughts, suggestions, stories, etc..?
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