Medical: Natural “Alternatives” to Pain Relief?

Natural Pain Relief: 9 Alternatives to Ibuprofen, Acetaminophen or Aspirin ICT Staff • March 23, 2017
Ginger and turmeric among natural pain relief alternatives
‘..But regular use of these drugs can lead to long-term side effects like intestinal damage, liver failure and more, recent research reveals. Before popping the pills, consider these alternative remedies for natural pain relief…

2. Turmeric

This distinctive, curry spice possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties, according to Doctor Oz. It also improves circulation and prevents blood clotting. Turmeric’s active ingredient curcumin is responsible for lowering the levels of two enzymes in the body that cause inflammation…”

Aspirin, Ibuprofen & Naproxen: Natural Alternatives – YouTube

*see Health: Tips to “fight” Inflammation

Good News Food

10 Home and Natural Remedies for Toothache Pain
“.. What you can do

If you have a toothache, it’s important to figure out what’s at the root of your discomfort. From there, you can determine how to best relieve any pain, swelling, or other symptoms.

A regular salt water rinse and cold compress application can typically remedy minor irritation, but more serious toothaches may require a dentist’s intervention. ..”

Home Remedies for Toothache – Immediate Pain Relief

10 Ways to Kill a Toothache In a Minute

Top 10 Natural Pain Killers – YouTube

Dr. Josh Axe
“..Top 10 Natural Painkillers to help you get relief fast: 1. Spicy foods 2. Arnica oil 3. Turmeric and ginger 4. Peppermint and wintergreen essential oil 5. Magnesium oil or Epsom salt baths 6. Use a foam roller 7. Drink bone broth 8. Regenerative medicine (Regenexx) 9. Active release technique or deep tissue massage 10. Chiropractic care and acupuncture..

*see Medical: Benefits Soaking Feet in Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate?

Follow us on IG or Instagram #healthfitnesslifeguy

Good News Medical

“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”


Medical: How to deal with hives, rashes, etc…?


Causes of Hives,

Hives are a common skin condition and rarely require serious medical intervention. Hives have a tendency to resolve on their own, but cause discomfort and pain during an attack. In very rare cases, hives may lead to a marked drop in blood pressure and shock. This is referred to as ‘anaphylactic shock’ and requires immediate medical treatment. Hives are generally caused by an allergic reaction to certain foods, medication or insect bites. There are also some cases of hives where no specific cause is determined. In such situations, changes to diet and lifestyle may help in preventing the condition. Contrary to popular belief, hives are not caused by stress or anxiety.

Hives occur when the mast cells in the skin release histamine and other chemicals into the bloodstream. Histamine is responsible for causing the blood vessels in the skin to leak and swell up. This results in the red, raised welts that are symptomatic of an attack of hives.Causes of hives include:

Hereditary factors that predispose a person to allergies and hives
Allergies to medications
Allergies to insect bites and stings
Food allergies (milk, eggs, nuts, and shellfish)
Extreme weather conditions
Excessive perspiration
Irregular functioning of the thyroid
Metabolic diseases
Autoimmune diseases such as Lupus
Liver or kidney disease
Chronic infections such as Urinary tract infections or sinusitis
Skin allergies to latex, animal dander or pollen…


Natural home remedies: Hives
“…Reduce stress to help hives

‘ Stress can cause hives or make them worse. If your tension needs taming, master a nerve-calming technique such as meditation, yoga or progressive relaxation.

‘ Brew up a cup of chamomile, valerian or catnip tea. All of these herbs have a sedative effect that may soothe your stress’and therefore your hives. To make the tea, stir one teaspoon of the dried herb into one cup of boiling water, steep 10 minutes, strain out the plant parts, and drink the tea…”

Home Remedies for Hives
“..Also, hives can occur when you get too hot while spending time outside on a summer day, are exposed to ice cold water, or as a result of stress. Moreover, many cases of hives are idiopathic, meaning that there is no known cause for the condition….

Here are the top 10 home remedies for hives.

1. Cold Compress

Most skin allergy specialists suggest cold compresses as the best topical natural remedy for hives. Cold temperature helps shrink the blood vessels and block further release of histamine. This in turn alleviates swelling, inflammation and itching.

Wrap some ice cubes in a cloth. Place it over the affected skin for 10 minutes at a time, three or four times a day.
You can also take a cool bath or shower as needed to calm skin inflamed by hives….

3. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is another good remedy for hives. Its antihistamine properties will help relieve inflammation quickly and regulate the body’s immune system response. It also plays a key role in restoring your overall skin health….

6. Aloe Vera

Aloe vera gel is another natural remedy for hives. It contains anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties that help reduce redness, inflammation and itching when applied topically. Also, when taken internally, it stimulates immunity and helps eliminate inflammatory toxins…”

Natural Remedies For Hives Itchy Skin | Home Treatment For Hives Allergy In Children & Adult


6 Food Allergies Treatments and Natural Remedies

5. Use These Supplements

Digestive Enzymes — Digestive enzymes aid the digestive system in fully breaking down food particles, and it’s a vital food allergy remedy. The incomplete digestion of food proteins may be linked to food allergies and can cause gastrointestinal symptoms. (22)

Probiotics — Good bacteria can help the immune system deal with food more favorably. A 2001 study published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology found that differences in neonatal gut microbiota precede the development of atopy, suggesting a role for commensal intestinal bacteria in the preventing of allergies. This research had lead to the hypothesis that probiotics may promote oral tolerance. To boost the good bacteria in your gut, take 50 billion organisms daily. (23)..”

Good News Food

Any other tips, suggestions, stories, etc..?

Thoughts, suggestions, stories, etc..?

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Good News Medical

“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

Medical: Endocrine System

Endocrine System: Discover the Anatomy and … – Human Anatomy


The endocrine system includes all of the glands of the body and the hormones produced by those glands. The glands are controlled directly by stimulation from the nervous system as well as by chemical receptors in the blood and hormones produced by other glands. By regulating the functions of organs in the body, these glands help to maintain the body’s homeostasis. Cellular metabolism, reproduction, sexual development, sugar and mineral homeostasis, heart rate, and digestion are among…..”

Anatomy and Physiology of Endocrine System

Endocrine system

Anatomy of the Endocrine System
“The major glands of the endocrine system are the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, pineal body, and the reproductive organs (ovaries and testes). The pancreas is also a part of this system; it has a role in hormone production as well as in digestion….


*see Fitness: Physiology of Exercise


This Is What Really Happens In Your Body When You Exercise
There’s so much happening.

May 10, 2016
“..The human body is an incredible system capable of regulating itself and keeping all of its cells and tissues healthy and in balance. But exercising regularly is critical to maintaining that balance for overall health.

Many people only associate exercise with calories, muscles, and fat, but there is so much more going on in the body. In fact, there are hundreds of hormones, enzymes, proteins, and chemical reactions happening while the body is physically active.

Accounting for every single process that happens during exercise would fill several textbooks, but here’s a brief overview of how the body responds to exercise:..

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) – This is a hormone that interacts with the central nervous system. By tripling BDNF production with exercise, it is possible to improve mood, boost cognitive function, and improve memory. BDNF also contributes to repair of neurons and other housekeeping measures in the brain, which helps prevent neurodegenerative disease…”

Anabolism vs. Catabolism
‘..Metabolism is a biochemical process that allows an organism to live, grow, reproduce, heal, and adapt to its environment. Anabolism and catabolism are two metabolic processes, or phases. Anabolism refers to the process which builds molecules the body needs; it usually requires energy for completion. Catabolism refers to the process that breaks down complex molecules into smaller molecules; it usually releases energy for the organism to use. ..”

Anabolic vs. Catabolic

1. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) “vasopressin”
Hormonal Responses to Acute Exercise
‘…Posterior Pituitary Hormones

The posterior pituitary lobe stores and secretes ADH and oxytocin, which are transported from the hypothalamus. Little information is available about the effects of exercise on oxytocin. However evidence supports the idea that exercise is a potent stimulus for ADH secretion.

During periods of heavy sweating and intense exercise, ADH works to minimise the extent of water loss from the kidneys, thereby decreasing the risk of severe dehydration. This response helps the body conserve fluids, especially during exercise in the heat, when a person is most at risk for dehydration. By increasing the water permeability of the kidneys’ collecting ducts, ADH facilitates the conservation of water, allowing less water to be excreted in the urine.

With intense muscular work and heavy perspiration, the electrolytes become more concentrated in the blood plasma, which increases the plasma osmolality (the ionic concentration of dissolved substances, such as electrolytes, in the plasma). Additionally, sweating causes water to be drawn out of the blood, resulting in a lower plasma volume. The hypothalamus can sense increased plasma osmolality and lowered plasma volume, and responds by stimulating the posterior pituitary lobe to secrete ADH (see figure 10.6). In contrast, ADH secretion is minimised when fluid intake increases and the blood volume expands, resulting in more dilute urine.


Antidiuretic hormone’s influence on the conservation of body water during exercise.’

2. Growth Hormone

BEST EXERCISE | Increase Growth Hormone & Testosterone WHILE Naturally Anti-Aging

*avoid long-term “chronic” workouts (e.g. long distance), but do “short-term” acute “outburst” exercises (high intense intervals)

Exercise Intensity on Growth Hormone | Anabolic Hormones and Muscle Growth With Mike Zourdos

How to BUILD MUSCLE all day long (most screw this up!)
*produced during sleep every 1 1/2 hours

Medical Definition of Triglycerides
‘…The major form of fat stored by the body. A triglyceride consists of three molecules of fatty acid combined with a molecule of the alcohol glycerol. Triglycerides serve as the backbone of many types of lipids (fats). Triglycerides come from the food we eat as well as from being produced by the body.

Triglyceride levels are influenced by recent fat and alcohol intake, and should be measured after fasting for at least 12 hours. A period of abstinence from alcohol is advised before testing for triglycerides. ..”

3. Sex Hormones

a. Testosterone
Health & Fitness: Benefits and Ways to Raise your Testostrone?

How to Increase your Human Growth (HGH) or Testosterone Naturally with Sprint 8 – Part 1

EXSC 281 part 3 Hormone response to exercise

Exercise and Hormones


What is difference between Enzyme & Hormone

Comparison between quick acting hormones and lag period hormones Saturday, January 26, 2013

8 Hormones Involved in Exercise
Pete McCall // Fitness // 8/10/2015
“…There are three major classifications of hormones: steroid (1), peptide (2) and amines (modified amino acid hormones) (3). Each class of hormones has a unique chemical structure that determines how it interacts with specific receptors. Steroid hormones interact with receptors in the nucleus of a cell, peptide hormones are comprised of amino acids and work with specific receptors sites on the cell membrane, and amines contain nitrogen and influence the sympathetic nervous system.

Hormones can either be anabolic (one), which means they help build new tissue, or catabolic (two) because they play a role in breaking tissue down. The term “anabolic steroids” is often mentioned as a method of cheating used by athletes who want to improve performance; however, anabolic steroids are actually natural chemicals produced by the body that are responsible for promoting tissue growth.

Listed below are some important hormones involved in exercise along with the physiological functions they control.

Insulin (2 FAST)

A peptide hormone produced by the pancreas, insulin regulates carbohydrate and fat metabolism. When blood sugar is elevated, insulin is released to promote the storage and absorption of glycogen and glucose. Insulin helps reduce levels of glucose in the blood by promoting its absorption from the bloodstream to skeletal muscles or fat tissues. It is important to know that insulin can cause fat to be stored in adipose tissue instead of being used to fuel muscle activity. When exercise starts, the sympathetic nervous system suppresses the release of insulin; consequently, it is important to avoid foods with high levels of sugar (including sports drinks) before exercise because it can elevate insulin levels and promote glycogen storage instead of allowing it to be used to fuel physical activity. Wait until the body has started sweating before using any sports drinks or energy gels.

Glucagon (FAST)

Released in response to low levels of blood sugar, glucagon is produced by the pancreas to stimulate the release of free fatty acids (FFAs) from adipose tissue and increase blood glucose levels, both of which are important for fueling exercise activity. As glycogen levels are depleted during exercise, glucagon releases additional glycogen stored in the liver.

Cortisol (1 & two SLOW)

Cortisol is a catabolic steroid hormone produced by the adrenal gland in response to stress, low blood sugar and exercise. It supports energy metabolism during long periods of exercise by facilitating the breakdown of triglyceride and protein to create the glucose necessary to help fuel exercise. Cortisol is released when the body experiences too much physical stress or is not sufficiently recovered from a previous workout. While cortisol helps promote fat metabolism, exercising for too long can elevate levels of cortisol to catabolize muscle protein for fuel instead of conserving it to be used to repair damaged tissues.

Epinephrine and Noepinephrine (3 FAST)

These amine hormones play an important role in helping the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) produce energy and in regulating the body’s function during cardiorespiratory exercise. Classified as catecholamines, epinephrine and norepinephrine are separate but related hormones. Epinephrine, often referred to as adrenaline because it is produced by the adrenal gland, elevates cardiac output, increases blood sugar (to help fuel exercise), promotes the breakdown of glycogen for energy and supports fat metabolism. Norepinephrine performs a number of the same functions as epinephrine, while also constricting blood vessels in parts of the body not involved in exercise.

What is Epinephrine (Adrenaline)?
“…Despite initiating several different responses, epinephrine’s effects have a collective purpose – to provide energy so that the major muscles of the body can respond to the perceived threat. (4)..”
*see Fitness: Various Cardio Workouts


Testosterone (1)

Testosterone is a steroid hormone produced by the Leydig cells of the testes in males and the ovaries of females, with small amounts produced by the adrenal glands of both genders. Testosterone is responsible for muscle protein resynthesis and the repair of muscle proteins damaged by exercise, and plays a significant role in helping grow skeletal muscle. Testosterone works with specific receptor sights and is produced in response to exercise that damages muscle proteins.

Human Growth Hormone (one & 2 SLOW)

Human growth hormone (HGH) is an anabolic peptide hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates cellular growth. Like all hormones, HGH works with specific receptor sites and can produce a number of responses, including increasing muscle protein synthesis responsible for muscle growth, increasing bone mineralization, supporting immune system function and promoting lipolysis, or fat metabolism. The body produces HGH during the REM cycles of sleep and is stimulated by high-intensity exercise such as heavy strength training, explosive power training or cardiorespiratory exercise at or above the onset of blood lactate (OBLA, the second ventilatory threshold).

Insulin-like Growth Factor (2 )

Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) has a similar molecular structure to insulin and is stimulated by the same mechanisms that produce HGH. IGF is a peptide hormone produced in the liver and supports the function of HGH to repair protein damaged during exercise, which makes it an important hormone for promoting muscle growth.
*see Fitness: Lower Body Workout


Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotransmitter that helps stimulate the production of new cells in the brain. The production of BDNF is closely related to the production of HGH and IGF—the same exercises that elevate levels of those hormones also increase amounts of BDNF. High-intensity exercise can stimulate anabolic hormones for muscle growth while elevating levels of BDNF, which can help improve cognitive function. ..”

Hormones Vs Enzymes – Difference Between Hormones … – YouTube

“How to Balance Your Hormones with Exercise” Teleconference With Scott Sonnon

How Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, & Hormones
Michelle Knepper, CPT
Work to Cause Weight-Loss or Weight-Gain
“…The brain requires a constant steady stream of glucose for fuel. If it does not get an adequate supply of carbs, your body uses its available glucose and glycogen stores. Then it turns to fat and muscle mass to supply energy, producing an abnormal metabolic response called ketosis. Ketosis alters the enzymes in fat cells. Ketosis causes muscle mass to be sacrificed and broken back down into amino acids to be converted directly into glucose for the brain. The loss of muscle mass means the loss of fat burning sites. Thus less fat will be burned. It is easy to understand then why 98% of all low-carb and high-pro diets fail. The followers of those methods usually gain back any weight they may have lost and usually more than they lost to begin with.

Glucagon is considered the fat-burning hormone. It is stimulated by the pancreas in response to intake of protein. It’s main job is to maintain stable blood sugar levels in your body. It does this by activating and releasing stored body fat so it can be burned for energy.


A moderate amount of carbs, pro, fat helps keep blood sugar balanced. Fat slows down the absorption and digestion of the carbs, providing a steady, ongoing supply of glucose which keeps the fat storage hormone insulin low. Protein in a meal stimulates the release of the fat-burning hormone, glucagon, thereby maximizing your ability to burn stored body fat for energy…”

*see Health & Fitness: Trying to lose weight?

Hormone Balance and Food Combining: How Proteins, Carbs and Fats Affect the Body’s Behavior
“..Carbs are going to spike our insulin, no matter what; however, we can curb that spike to some degree if we eat some protein and fat along with the carbs. We are in no way recommending a high carb, high processed food diet. It’s important to take it one step further when eating fruits and veggies. It is best when we eat a balanced diet by consuming protein, fat and healthful carbs together at every meal. This is the basis for The Zone Diet prescribed by Dr. Barry Sears. Where we at Bonfire Health differs from Dr. Sears is when it comes to quality of food. He goes into this somewhat, but we want you to focus on eating natural foods (from the earth, not processed), as well as balancing the macronutrient content (protein, carbs and fats).

By eating healthful carbohydrates (fruits and veggies), you will dramatically decrease the insulin released, which will decrease your body’s message to grow and store fat. By going a step further, eating a small portion of lean protein (grass-fed beef, turkey, chicken, etc.) and fats (avocados, nuts, seeds) along with those carbs, you will in fact be balancing your hormones, which will keep you healthy or move you toward health!..”

*see Health: Nutrition-Macronutrients


*see Medical: What to do with Throat Problem(s)?

Thyroid Gland, How it Functions, Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism Written by Bridget Brady MD, FACS
“..How the Thyroid Gland Works
The thyroid is part of the endocrine system, which is made up of glands that produce, store, and release hormones into the bloodstream so the hormones can reach the body’s cells. The thyroid gland uses iodine from the foods you eat to make two main hormones:

Triiodothyronine (T3)
Thyroxine (T4)

11 Natural Cures For Thyroid Problems – YouTube

Five steps to boosting your thyroid function almost immediately Tuesday, September 11, 2012 by: PF Louis
“..Find a physician or holistic practitioner who’ll agree to order or run all three blood tests: Free T3, free T4, and a TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) test. It may be necessary to add a thyroid antibody test also…

Five ways to boost thyroid function
(1) Drop soy products from your diet. Dr. Mark Hyman also suggests gluten may have an adverse effect on your thyroid production as well. So dropping wheat products could be positive as well. (

(2) Try easing out of stress as a foundation. Stress produces cortisol, and cortisol inhibits getting T3 into your cells. Since all these tests are blood level tests, even if your T3 blood count test is okay, your cells could be lacking. This is a tricky area that few MDs know about.

(3) If you haven’t already done so recently, detox heavy metals. (

(4) Iodine is the major supplement for boosting your thyroid function. Some practitioners recommend nascent iodine while others say tried and tested Lugol’s brand works fine. Antioxidants such as vitamins C and E, selenium and zinc, omega-3, and vitamin D3 should be supplemented with your choice of iodine as well.

(5) Natural hormone balancing may be needed to recover completely from hypothyroidism. Avoid the synthetic remedies most MDs prescribe and request something natural, such as a desiccated liver product. The most well known is Armour, but there are others. These are natural products that supply the complete thyroid hormone.

Health Benefits

*see Health: Nutrition-Foods to Know About

Effects of Exercise on Endocrine System by MIGUEL CAVAZOS Last Updated: Sep 11, 2017
“..Your endocrine system consists of glands that release hormones that control physiological functions in your body. Exercise boosts the number of hormones circulating in your body and strengthens receptor sites on target organ cells. Your endocrine response to exercise can improve organ function, physical appearance and your state of mind. Vigorous exercise, in particular, might improve endocrine function…”

Exercise 1 Endocrine System Fall 2014

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Good News Medical

“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

Medical: Human Anatomy Overall

Latin and Greek in Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy and Physiology Workbook For Dummies, 2nd Edition

By Janet Rae-Dupree, Pat DuPree

Latin and Greek roots

cut(an)– skin cutaneous..

thorac– chest thoracic
vasc– vessel vascular..

Latin and Greek prefixes and suffixes

a(n)– without, not anaerobic
aut(o)– self autonomic…

peri– around pericardium…

“..2.10: Learn Medical Terminology and Human Anatomy

In our previous courses, you may have noticed a number of complex anatomy and physiology terms getting tossed around. Our complete medical terminology list will help you learn some of the most common anatomical and surgical terms by looking at prefixes, suffixes, and roots.

Let’s start off with the basics.

Many times you’ll encounter a medical term that contains a prefix that describes a number. Here are a few of the most common…”

Medical Terminology

Medical Terms

Medical Terminology – The Basics – Lesson 2

Anatomical Positions

Anatomical Terminology: Relative Position,

Anatomical Terminology: Relative Position Video

Anatomical Terms – Drawn & Defined (Updated)

anatomical position and directional terms

Good News Medical

Medical: Parts of the Muscular System

Muscular System – Muscles of the Human Body – Human Anatomy


The muscular system is responsible for the movement of the human body. Attached to the bones of the skeletal system are about 700 named muscles that make up roughly half of a person’s body weight. Each of these muscles is a discrete organ constructed of skeletal muscle tissue, blood vessels, tendons, and nerves. Muscle tissue is also found inside of the heart, digestive organs, and blood vessels. In these organs, muscles serve to move substances throughout the body……

Muscle Types
There are three types of muscle tissue: Visceral, cardiac, and skeletal…

Anatomy and Physiology of Muscular System

Part 7 – Muscles of the human body

Anatomy Ch 9 – Muscular System

“Published on May 21, 2013

Muscular System – Thompson
This video was put on as a test for one of my classes that I don’t teach anymore. I have no plans of redoing it or doing any more chapters for those who keep asking. There are 2 or 3 mistakes. Rectus abdominus originates on the pubis and inserts at the costal angle. Orbicularis oris is around the mouth and orbicularis oculi is around the eye. Brachioradialis originates on the distal humerus and inserts on the ulnar tuberosity (really fascia between ulna and radius). I’ve heard both protagonist and agonist for the opposite of the antagonist. I assume they are both correct.”

Muscle Fiber Types
*see Fitness: Kinesiology-Kinematic Exercise Types

Fast-Twitch, Slow-Twitch: What’s the difference and does it matter?
Stacey Penney, MS, NASM-CPT, CES, PES, FNS Stacey Penney, MS, NASM-CPT, CES, PES, FNS ·
“..As most of us may recall from our physiology studies, there are two main types of human skeletal muscle fiber types, type I and type II, or slow-twitch and fast-twitch, respectively. Fast-twitch are further classified into type IIa and type IIx. They differ in both their biochemical and contractile properties…”

The 3 Muscle Fiber Types | Differences Between Type 1, Type 2A, & Type 2B


Plasticity of skeletal muscle mitochondria: structure and function
“ skeletal muscle tissue can undergo rapid and characteristic changes as a consequence of manipulations of muscle use and environmental conditions. Endurance exercise training leads to increases of mitochondrial volume of up to 50% in training interventions of a few weeks in previously untrained subjects…”
Function of Mitochondria
“..main function of mitochondria is the production of energy during the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) via the TCA Cycle (which is also as the Krebs Cycle and the Citric Acid Cycle). That process is an important metabolic pathway (see also what is metabolism). It is described in detail on the pages about the TCA Cycle – which is often included in introductory biology courses e.g. A-Level Biology, but not necessarily in first-level anatomy & physiology e.g. ITEC A&P…”
Muscle Myoglobin
“..a red pigment found exclusively in striated muscle cells. In particular, slow-twitch, aerobically respiring skeletal fibers and cardiac muscle cells are rich in myoglobin. Myoglobin is similar to hemoglobin, but it has one heme rather than four; therefore, it can combine with only one molecule of oxygen.

Myoglobin has a higher affinity for oxygen than does hemoglobin, and its dissociation curve is therefore to the left of the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve (fig. 16.37). The shape of the myoglobin curve is also different from the oxyhemoglobin..”

Muscle Fibers Explained – Muscle Contraction and Muscle Fiber Anatomy

Henneman’s Size Principle
“…states that under load, motor units are recruited from smallest to largest. In practice, this means that slow-twitch, low-force, fatigue-resistant muscle fibers are activated before fast-twitch, high-force, less fatigue-resistant muscle fibers…”


Training To Maximize Your Muscle Fiber Types!
“..Knowing your personal muscle fiber make-up can be an invaluable aid when it comes to properly targeting your training program. If you’re working your muscles in the wrong way, you’ll be cheating yourself out of hard-earned results. …

How To Find Your Muscle Fiber Type

To find the predominant fiber type in a particular muscle in your body, we need to test the repetition limits of a muscle compared to its maximum strength. Keep in mind, these limits can be altered by your training and are, therefore, just rough estimates.

First, determine your one rep max (known as the 1 RM) for an isolation exercise for that muscle group, e.g. the dumbell curl. Find the weight you can only do one rep with. You want to use an isolation exercise because any exercise that uses any other muscle groups will skew the results. ..”

*Calculate available

Calculate Your One-Rep Max (1RM)

Difference Between Isolation & Compound Exercises
by JOLIE JOHNSON Last Updated: Aug 16, 2015
“Compound movements occur at more than one joint and work more than one muscle group. Isolation exercises occur at only one joint and target only one muscle group. For example, the squat exercise involves movement at your knee joint and hip joint. This compound leg exercise works your hamstrings, quadriceps, glutes and lower back. The leg extension exercise occurs only at the knee joint and works only your quadriceps muscles…”


Medical: How the Lungs (respiratory system) Function?

=>Fitness (endurance)
*see Fitness: Various Cardio Workouts

Grow New Mitochondria with PQQ (BioPQQ). Scientists Discover the “Other CoQ10”.

11 Proven Health Benefits of PQQ

Sources of PQQ

“..PQQ naturally occurs in almost all foods, ranging from 0.19-61ng/g (R, R2), but is especially concentrated in the following foods:

Fermented Soybeans products (e.g. Nattō) (R)
Green Soybeans (R)
Spinach (R)

Field Mustard (5.54 +/-1.50ng/g fresh weight) (R)
Tofu (R)
Green Tea (R)
Green peppers (R)
Parsley (R)
Kiwi fruits (R)

The PQQ content of even the most PQQ-rich foods is much lower than the amount you can get from a supplement (5-20mg). I recommend a high-quality PQQ supplement to get a therapeutic dose…

Compounds reported to stimulate mitochondrial biogenesis are linked to many health benefits such increased longevity, improved energy utilization, and protection from free radicals….”

Muscle Sections

Shoulder girdle muscles,
“..Shoulder girdle consists of the clavicle (collar bone) and the scapula (shoulder blade) which generally move together as a unit. Only the clavicle connects directly to the rest of the skeleton at the sternum bone. It is really only the scapula which moves from action of the muscles. The muscles of the shoulder girdle are serratus anterior, pectoralis minor, levator scapulae, rhomboids and trapezius…”

Shoulder (Pectoral) Girdle – Muscles and Movements – Human Anatomy | Kenhub

Shoulder Anatomy Animated Tutorial

Scapula and Clavicle – Shoulder Girdle – Anatomy Tutorial


Standing Dumbbell Upright Row
How to Do Shoulder Shrugs Properly by PATRICK DALE Last Updated: Aug 14, 2017

*all three muscles (trapezius, scapulae, and rhomboid)
Cable Crossover
*pectoralis minor (chest anterior side muscles)

*see Fitness: Upper Body Workouts-Shoulders

Build Bigger Pecs with the Pullover
*see Fitness: Various Chest Muscle Exercises

Muscles of the upper arm and shoulder blade – Human Anatomy | Kenhub

-Shoulder Joint

Anatomy and Function of the Shoulder Joint

Anatomy: The Shoulder Joint

Back Muscles Anatomy – Trapezius, Latissimus, Rhomboid Anatomy

=>Rotator Cuff Muscles

Rotator Cuff
“..These muscles all originate from the scapula and insert in the humerus. The subscapularis muscle, for example, is very important for the internal rotation of the humerus. It arises from the subscapular fossa and inserts on the lesser tubercle of the humerus. The teres minor muscle originates from the lateral scapula border and inserts on the greater tubercle of the humerus. The supraspinatus muscle has its origin in the supraspinatous fossa and inserts on the greater tubercle of the humerus – similar to the teres minor muscle. The fourth muscle of the rotator cuff is the infraspinatus muscle. It originates in the infraspinatous fossa of the shoulder blade and inserts on the greater tubercle as well…”

The Rotator Cuff – S.I.T.S Muscles By Laura Inverarity, DO Updated April 30, 2017
“..The Four Rotator Cuff Muscles:

The four muscles that form the rotator cuff are the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis.

Often the mnemonic S.I.T.S is used to help remember the muscles that make up the rotator cuff.

Supraspinatus: The supraspinatus muscle originates above the spine of the scapula and inserts on the greater tuberosity of the humerus. The supraspinatus abducts, or elevates, the shoulder joint out to the side. It also works with the other rotator cuff muscles to stabilize the head of the humerus in the glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint.
Infraspinatus: The infraspinatus muscle originates below the spine of the scapula, in the infraspinatus fossa, and it inserts on the posterior aspect of the greater tuberosity of the humerus. The infraspinatus externally rotates the shoulder joint. It also works with the other rotator cuff muscles to stabilize the head of the humerus in the glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint.
Teres Minor: The teres minor muscle originates on the lateral scapula border and inserts on the inferior aspect of the greater tuberosity of the humerus. The teres minor muscle externally rotates the shoulder joint. It also works with the other rotator cuff muscles to stabilize the head of the humerus in the glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint.

Subscapularis: The subscapularis muscle originates on the anterior surface of the scapula, sitting directly over the ribs, and inserts on the lesser tuberosity of the humerus. The subscapularis muscle works to depress the head of the humerus allowing it to move freely in the glenohumeral joint during elevation of the arm. It also works with the other rotator cuff muscles to stabilize the head of the humerus in the glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint…”

Rotator cuff muscles – 3D anatomy tutorial
Movements: Tennis Serve and Throwing a baseball


-DOMS Treatment:
11 Natural Treatments for Rotator Cuff Pain + Best Rotator Cuff Exercises
“..6. Anti-inflammatory foods & natural painkillers

While drugs like ibuprofen can reduce pain and swelling, they’re also dangerous. So when possible opt for non-synthetic methods such as avoiding highly inflammatory foods. Consider anti-inflammatory foods that will help you heal much faster while providing other useful benefits to your health. There are some great natural painkillers for shoulder pain and tendonitis in the rotator cuff that can be very useful as well…”

Anatomy Ch 9 – Muscular System

Mark Jolley
Published on May 21, 2013
Muscular System – Thompson
This video was put on as a test for one of my classes that I don’t teach anymore. I have no plans of redoing it or doing any more chapters for those who keep asking. There are 2 or 3 mistakes. Rectus abdominus originates on the pubis and inserts at the costal angle. Orbicularis oris is around the mouth and orbicularis oculi is around the eye. Brachioradialis originates on the distal humerus and inserts on the ulnar tuberosity (really fascia between ulna and radius). I’ve heard both protagonist and agonist for the opposite of the antagonist. I assume they are both correct.
*latin roots

Anterior Muscles of the Human Body
Chart of Major Anterior Muscles
Superficial Muscles Anterior view – Purpose Games


*three sample exercises for biceps brachii, brachialis, and brachioradicalis:
Upright Barbell Row
Fitness: Upper Body Workouts-Arms, Biceps, etc…

-Elbow Portion

Muscles of the Elbow | Interactive Anatomy Guide


The elbow is a synovial hinge joint located between the upper arm and forearm. It is formed by the meeting of three bones: the humerus in the upper arm and the ulna and radius in the lower arm. Like all other hinge joints, the elbow permits movement in one plane, namely the flexion and extension of the forearm relative to the upper arm. However, the elbow also allows the wrist to rotate by pivoting the radius around the ulna. The muscles of the elbow cooperate to perform the many movements at the elbow joint, giving both great strength and flexibility to the arm……

The flexor group – including the brachialis, biceps brachii, and the brachioradialis – bend the arm by decreasing the angle between the forearm and upper arm. The brachialis is the primary flexor of the elbow and is found mainly in the upper arm between the humerus and the ulna…”

Humerus that act on the forearm are primarily involved in flexion and extension
“Key Movements

Extension (forearm away from upper arm)

Produced by the triceps brachii and anconeus of the forearm.

Flexion (forearm towards upper arm)

Produced by the brachialis, biceps brachii, and brachioradialis of the forearm.

Pronation (rotation of the forearm so the palm faces downwards)

Produced by the pronator quadratus and pronator teres of the forearm.

Supination (rotation of the forearm so the palm faces upwards)

Produced by the supinator of the forearm and biceps brachii.

-Wrist Portion

Muscles of the Elbow | Interactive Anatomy

The elbow is a synovial hinge joint located between the upper arm and forearm. It is formed by the meeting of three bones: the humerus in the upper arm and the ulna and radius in the lower arm. Like all other hinge joints, the elbow permits movement in one plane, namely the flexion and extension of the forearm relative to the upper arm. However, the elbow also allows the wrist to rotate by pivoting the radius around the ulna. The muscles of the elbow cooperate to perform the many movements at the elbow joint, giving both great strength and flexibility to the arm……

These muscles can be broadly grouped into the flexor and extensor groups of the forearm.

The flexor group – including the brachialis, biceps brachii, and the brachioradialis – bend the arm by decreasing the angle between the forearm and upper arm. The brachialis is the primary flexor of the elbow and is found mainly in the upper arm between the humerus and the ulna. Superficial to the brachialis is the long biceps brachii muscle that runs anterior to the humerus from the scapula to the radius. The biceps mostly functions as a flexor at the elbow, but it is also able to supinate the forearm and turn the palm of the hand anteriorly. Although it is found mostly in the forearm, the brachioradialis is the third flexor muscle of the elbow, running from the distal end of the humerus to the distal end of the radius.

Two muscles – the triceps brachii and anconeus – act as the extensors of the forearm. The triceps brachii is a long muscle that runs posterior to the humerus from the scapula to the olecranon of the ulna. The anconeus is a much smaller muscle that begins at the distal end of the humerus near the elbow and ends at the olecranon. Working together, these two muscles increase the angle between the humerus and the ulna and radius, straightening the arm until the olecranon locks into the olecranon fossa of the humerus at full extension.

The rotation of the forearm is accomplished by two muscles that cross the elbow: the pronator teres and the supinator. The pronator teres crosses the elbow at an oblique angle from the medial epicondyle of the humerus to its insertion on the radius. When contracted, the pronator teres rotates the radius and forearm medially so that the palm faces the body’s posterior. Its antagonist, the supinator, crosses the elbow obliquely at a right angle to the pronator teres and connects the lateral epicondyle of the humerus to the radius. Contraction of the supinator rotates the radius and forearm laterally so that the palm faces the body’s anterior.

Nine more muscles of the forearm cross the elbow to move the wrist and fingers of the hand. The flexor group – including the flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, palmaris longus, and flexor digitorum superficialis – have their origins on the medial epicondyle of the humerus and run along the anterior forearm to the palm of the hand and fingers. These muscles contract to flex the fingers as in making a fist and flex the wrist to move the hand closer to the anterior forearm. The extensor group – including the extensor carpi radialis longus, extensor carpi radialis brevis, and extensor digitorum – have their origins on the lateral epicondyle of the humerus and run through the posterior forearm to the back of the hand and fingers. …”

muscles that act at the elbow.mp4

Anatomy Of The Elbow, Animation – Everything You Need To Know …
Video for major muscles that act at the elbow

Elbow Muscles – Origins, Insertions & Actions – Black Background


Seated Dumbbell Palms-Up Wrist Curl
The 16 Best Exercises for Your Grip If you can’t grip it, you can’t lift it. Here’s how to take your grip from wimpy to bone-crushing
By Kelsey Cannon June 16, 2015

=> Common Injuries

Patient education: Elbow tendinopathy (tennis and golf elbow) (Beyond the Basics)

“..s the most common condition affecting the elbow.

●It is called “tennis elbow” or lateral epicondylitis when there is an injury to the outer elbow tendon

●It is called “golfer’s elbow” or medial epicondylitis when there is an injury to the inner elbow tendon

However, elbow tendinopathy can be caused by sports other than golf and tennis, as well as work-related activities that involve heavy use of the wrist and forearm muscles…”

Golfers Elbow Exercise – Reverse Tyler Twist – Medial Epicondylitis …

*wrist extensor

Golfer’s Elbow Treatment Program – YouTube

Effective Self-Treatment for Golfer’s Elbow (Inner Elbow Pain) – YouTube

Tennis Elbow Exercise – Tyler Twist – Lateral Epicondylitis – YouTube
*wrist flexor

The Truth About Tennis Elbow (WHAT REALLY CAUSES IT!) – YouTube

Tennis Elbow – Prevention and Home Exercises! – YouTube

Tennis Elbow Treatment, Prevention & Rehabilitation … – YouTube


Muscles of the Torso

MUSCULAR SYSTEM ANATOMY:Muscles of the anterior abdominal wall torso model description

Posterior Torso Muscles


Fitness: Morning Routine-Different types of Sit-Ups-Crunches

-Back Spine

Erector Spinae
“…actually consists of three columns of muscles, the Iliocostalis, Longissimus, and Spinalis, each running parallel on either outer side of the Vertebra and extending from the lower back of the skull all the way down to the Pelvis. The Erector Spinae provides resistance that assists in the control action of bending forward at the waist as well as acting as powerful extensors to promote the return of the back to the erect position. During full flexion (i.e., when touching fingertips to floor), the Erector Spinae Muscles are relaxed and strain is borne entirely by ligaments of back, however on the reversal of the movement, the Erector Spinae in conjunction with the Hamstring muscles and Gluteus Maximus muscles (buttocks) is primarily responsible for the extension of the back (straighten the spine) as well as more specific movements such as the extension of the neck and sidewards movement of the head…”

Multifidus – Smallest Yet Most Powerful Muscle
“ one of the smallest yet most “powerful” muscle that gives support to the spine. Most people have the misconception that small is insignificant but it is not the case when it comes to this particular ..”

Bird Dog Exercise: Can You Do All Four Variations?
By Marc Perry / 2.27.12 / Medically Reviewed
“…The Bird Dog exercise is a classic core exercise that emphasizes lower back strength and balance. If you’ve never done it before, the first few reps make seem awkward and difficult to balance, but once you get the form down, you’ll want to make it a staple in your exercise program.

Below are 4 variations of the bird dog exercise that are in order of difficulty from easiest to hardest…”

Function and Anatomy of Erector Spinae Muscles

Intrinsic back muscles – 3D anatomy tutorial
*ILikeStanding (Ilio Long Spin)


How To Deadlift: A Beginner’s Guide Todd Bumgardner, CSCS September 01, 2017 • 7 min read
“…So, why deadlift? Quite simply, the deadlift is one of the most effective exercises for developing the pure strength that’s a precursor to bodily size and athleticism. Since it’s a full-body exercise that recruits a lot of muscle mass, the deadlift also builds total-body muscle.1 It’s also one of the few exercises that directly targets the hamstrings, a group of muscles often neglected in the weight room.2

The deadlift also improves posture. We live most of our lives in front of our bodies, ignoring our rears. In turn, we develop bodily frames without balance, leading to a host of postural issues—hunched shoulders and weak backs, for example. Deadlifting reintroduces us to our body’s backside. Posterior training balances the body, giving us cause to stand taller and with greater strength.

In short, deadlifting will support your aesthetic goals, help you build better posture, correct various strength imbalances, help you build total strength, and turn you into a total gym badass. After all, there’s nothing quite like ripping heavy weight from the ground…”
Prone (Lying Face-Down) Back Extensions
Meet The Squats: 7 Squat Variations You Should Be Doing Christopher Smith, CSCS March 31, 2016 • 7 min read

*see Medical: How to “get rid” of back pain?


*see more Fitness: Lower Body Workout

Muscles of the lower extremities

Muscles of the Lower Limb

Muscles and Nerves of Lower Limb

*see Fitness: Various Exercises for the Hip

Hip Joint – Anatomy Pictures and Information – Human Anatomy › Skeletal System › Bones of the Leg and Foot
“…is one of the most important joints in the human body. It allows us to walk, run, and jump. It bears our body’s weight and the force of the strong muscles of the hip and leg. Yet the hip joint is also one of our most flexible joints and allows a greater range of motion than all other joints in the body except for the shoulder.

The hip joint is a ball-and-socket synovial joint formed between the os coxa (hip bone) and the femur. A round, cup-shaped structure on the os coax, known as the acetabulum, forms the socket for the hip joint. The rounded head of the femur…..”
Hip and thigh (Anatomy) – Study Guide | Kenhub
Muscles of the Hip?
The hip joint is one of the most flexible joints in the entire human body. The many muscles of the hip provide movement, strength, and stability to the hip joint and the bones of the hip and thigh. These muscles can be grouped based upon their location and function. The four groups are the anterior group, the posterior group, adductor group, and finally the abductor group…”

Muscles of the Hip and Thigh – Human Anatomy | Kenhub

Kinesiology of the Hip:
By Brent Brookbush MS, PES, CES, CSCS, ACSM H/FS


a. Biomechanics

What Are the 3 Main Hip Flexor Muscles?
by STEPHANIE CHANDLER Last Updated: Sep 11, 2017

Hip Flexor animation and tightness
What Are the 3 Main Hip Flexor Muscles?
by STEPHANIE CHANDLER Last Updated: Sep 11, 2017
‘…Iliopsoas..Sartorius…Rectus Femoris..”

b. Fitness/Exercises

8 Hip Flexor Stretches and Exercises for Healthy Hips
“..The hip flexors are the group of muscles that allow you to lift your knees toward your chest and bend forward from the hips. What is collectively referred to as the hip flexors is actually a group of muscles that includes the iliopsoas, the thigh muscles (rectus femoris, Sartorius and tensor fasciae latae), and the inner thigh muscles (adductor longus and brevis, pectineus and gracilis).

Tight hip flexors are a common problem among those of us who spend a lot of the day sitting at a desk. When you spend a lot of time in a seated position, the hip flexors remain in a shortened position. Over time, the shortened muscles become “tight,” which leads to its own set of problems…”

Problems: Sitting too much will increase lower back pain due to constant stretch of back muscles (e.g. Simple Test To See If You Have Tight Hip Flexors from

11 Exercises to Boost Hip Strength By Dan Kehlenbach

c. Hip Flexor Strains

Understanding Hip Flexor Strain Medically reviewed by William Morrison, MD on July 5, 2017 — Written by Rachel Nall, RN, BSN, CCRN
“…Hip flexor strain occurs when you use your hip flexor muscles and tendons too much. As a result, the muscles and tendons become inflamed, sore, and painful. Some people are more likely than others to experience hip flexor strain…

Thomas Test – Hip flexor muscle length.avi

Thomas Test Iliopsoas Tightness – YouTube

Iliopsoas From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“.. refers to the joined psoas and the iliacus muscles. The two muscles are separate in the abdomen, but usually merge in the thigh. As such, they are usually given the common name iliopsoas. The iliopsoas muscle joins to the femur at the lesser trochanter, and acts as the strongest flexor of the hip…”

The Thomas test video from Structure and Function of the Hip and Pelvis CEC course
*rectus fermosis (quads) & IT-band

Kneeling Hip Flexor Quad Triplanar Dynamic Stretch – YouTube


It’s important to rest the affected muscles if you have hip flexor strain. One thing you can do is change up your normal activities to avoid overstretching the muscle. For example, you could try swimming instead of riding a bicycle.
Home remedies

Most instances of hip flexor strain can be treated at home without the need for prescription medications or more invasive treatments. Here are some home remedies that can help relieve the pain of hip flexor strain:

1. Apply a cloth-covered ice pack to the affected area for 10- to 15-minute time increments…”


#3 Most Common Cause of Hip Pain – Rectus Femoris Origin Strain …

Hip Pain, Strain Of The Rectus Femoris , anatomy – YouTube

=>Illiac Crest (bone)

Hip Pointer:Causes, Signs, Symptoms & Treatment Explained – YouTube

2. Extension

a. Bio Mechanics

Muscles Used in Hip Extension by AUBREY BAILEY Last Updated: Jun 16, 2015
“…Gluteus Maximus…Hamstrings..”

How Do You Ease Pain In Gluteal Muscle? – YouTube

“..Gluteal tendinopathy usually causes lateral hip pain, muscular stiffness, and a spasm or tightness of this …..”



(a) Fitness

The 17 Best Glutes Exercises
Target your body’s largest and most powerful muscle group with these expert-approved moves

Exercise n. 6- Hip extension backward leg lifts – YouTube=

Also: Indoor cycling, power walking in steep inclines, running, stair climbing, etc..

(b.) Muscle strains

Gluteus Minimus Strain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Recovery

Weak Glutes | Back Pain (HOW TO FIX IT!)
Published on Mar 9, 2017
Put the science back in strength –

(2) =>Hamstrings
*see Biceps femoris muscle From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“ a muscle of the thigh located to the posterior, or back. As its name implies, it has two parts, one of which (the long head) forms part of the hamstrings muscle group…” &Hamstring
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
.”..In human anatomy, a hamstring is one of the three posterior thigh muscles in between the hip and the knee (from medial to lateral: semimembranosus, semitendinosus and biceps femoris).[3]..

(a). Fitness’s 10 Highest-Rated Hamstring Exercises Matt Biss March 01, 2016 • 3 min read
“…Most people think hamstrings only serve one function: knee flexion. In reality, the hamstrings are not one single muscle, but a group of muscles with multiple functions. The hammies’ most important function is hip extension, which is vital for explosiveness, sprinting, jumping, and even low-back health…”

At Home Hamstring Workout Video – Hamstring Exercises with No Equipment

Hamstrings Workout At Home | 5 Killer Exercises For Bigger And Stronger Hamstrings

Supine Ball Leg Curl for Strong Hamstrings, from

(b). Muscle Strains

Hamstring Injury: Hamstring Strain Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
“..During a hamstring strain, one or more of these muscles gets overloaded. The muscles might even start to tear. You’re likely to get a hamstring strain during activities that involve a lot of running and jumping or sudden stopping and starting.

Getting a hamstring strain is also more likely if:

You don’t warm up before exercising.
The muscles in the front of your thigh (the quadriceps) are tight as they pull your pelvis forward and tighten the hamstrings.
Weak glutes. Glutes and hamstrings work together. If the glutes are weak, hamstrings can be over loaded and become strained.



What’s the Treatment for a Hamstring Strain?

Luckily, minor to moderate hamstring strains usually heal on their own. You just need to give them some time. To speed the healing, you can:

Rest the leg. Avoid putting weight on the leg as best you can. If the pain is severe, you may need crutches until it goes away. Ask your doctor or physical therapist if they’re needed.
Ice your leg to reduce pain and swelling. Do it for 20-30 minutes every three to four hours for two to three days, or until the pain is gone.
Compress your leg. Use an elastic bandage around the leg to keep down swelling.
Elevate your leg on a pillow when you’re sitting or lying down….”

Best Tight Hamstring Treatment for Injury or Strain – Stretch – YouTube


Hamstring Injury – Your ASS is to BLAME! (literally) – YouTube

3. Abduction

a. Bio Mechanics

4. Hip Rotation

a. Bio Mechanics

Hip External Rotators

06 Hip external rotation – YouTube

b. Exercises-stretching

External Hip Rotator Stretches
by JOSHUA MCCARRON Last Updated: Sep 11, 2017
Hip External Rotation Exercise
*helps with knee stress from collapse legs
Hip External Rotator Strengthening Exercise from

5. Hip Adduction

a. Bio Mechanics

Anatomy of the Hip Adductors – Human Anatomy | Kenhub – YouTube

b. Stretches

PNF Stretching for the Adductors Muscles – Kinetic Health

=>Lower Half

*see Fitness: Lower Body Workout

Trochanteric Bursitis

Hip Bursitis 3D Video: Watch How it is Caused, Know Its … – YouTube

5 Top Exercises for Trochanteric Bursitis of the Hip – YouTube

Quadriceps femoris muscle From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Not to be confused with quadratus femoris.
“..(Latin for “four-headed muscle of the femur”), also called simply the quadriceps, quadriceps extensor, or quads, is a large muscle group that includes the four prevailing muscles on the front of the thigh…

Quadriceps femoris, with different muscles in different colors.
rectus femoris – blue
vastus lateralis – yellow
vastus intermedius – green
vastus medialis – red…”

Kneeling Hip Flexor Quad Triplanar Dynamic Stretch – YouTube

How to Stretch and Release the Iliopsoas – YouTube

Best psoas muscle trigger point stretch – iliopsoas muscle release – hip …

*see Medical: Knee Dislocation-Causes, treatment, healing, etc…?

2. Common Injuries

(upper hip -> thigh-> upper knee)

-Iliotibial Band Syndrome

Iliotibial tract From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi
“..The iliotibial tract or iliotibial band ((also known as Maissiat’s band or IT Band) is a longitudinal fibrous reinforcement of the fascia lata. The action of the ITB and its associated muscles is to extend, abduct, and laterally rotate the hip. In addition, the ITB contributes to lateral knee stabilization…”

Iliotibial Band Syndrome Of The Knee – Everything You Need To Know …

“..Dr. Ebraheim’s animated educational video describes iliotibial band syndrome of the knee. Inflammation and thickening of the iliotibial band result from excessive friction as the iliotibial band slides over the lateral femoral condyle. The iliotibial band is a thick band of fascia that extends along the lateral thigh from the iliac crest to the knee. It inserts into the Gerdy’s tubercle of the tibia. The iliotibial band is a continuation of the tensor fascia lata muscle. The tensor fascia lata muscle arises from the outer surface of the anterior iliac crest, between the tubercle of the iliac spine and inserts into the iliotibial tract. The gluteus maximus also inserts into the iliotibial band. Function of the iliotibial band The IT band extends, abducts and laterally rotates the hip. The IT band also contributes to lateral knee stabilization. The IT band is repeatedly shifted forward and backward across the lateral femoral condyle. Impingement usually occurs around 30 degrees of knee flexion. There may be swelling, tenderness and crepitus over the lateral femoral condyle. The condition of ITBS around the knee most commonly occurs in runners, cyclists and other athletes undergoing exercise with repetitive knee flexion and extension. The IT band inserts into Gerdy’s tubercle. The pain is proximal to the Gerdy’s tubercle. The pain may be reproduced by doing single leg squat. Predisposing factors..”

Top 3 Treatments For Iliotibial Band (ITB) Syndrome – YouTube

What Are The Causes Of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome or … – YouTube

Knee anatomy and patellofemoral pain – YouTube

“..The Bio Skin Q Lok Dynamic Patella Traction Brace corrects patella tracking problems and treats anterior knee pain. Left untreated, a maltracking patella can lead to long-term effects such as chondromalacia. The QLok will reduce patellofemoral pain my increasing surface contact area in the patellofemoral joint…”

-infrapatellar tendinitis ( “jumper’s knee”)

Patellar tendinitis: Signs, symptoms and remedies for this … – YouTube

The Patella Tendonitis Cure – YouTube

Foot and Ankle

Foot Muscles Anatomy part 1/2

Muscles of the ankle/foot

Plantar flexion and dorsal flexion

Muscles That Move the Foot and Toes

Anatomy Of The Foot & Ankle – Everything You Need To Know – Dr. Nabil Ebraheim

*see What’s Your Achilles Heel?
Jacob in the Bible
Who did Jacob wrestle with and how did Jacob become Israel?

Megan Sauter • 08/15/2016


-Calf Exercises

What Is The Best Calf Building Workout?
Top 5 Calf Exercises Without Weights : Exercises to Build & Tone Muscle
*others: hill running, jumping rope, cycling,stair climbing, bent-knee toe raises with resistance, etc..
Fitness: Various Feet Exercises

=>Muscle Strains

Causes and Symptoms of Torn Calf Muscle – YouTube

Calf Muscle – Guide on, Causes, Prevention & Rehabilitation

Calf Muscle Strain – YouTube
Published on Jun 25, 2009
Healing and treating a calf strain can take time and patience. Learn how to treat sports injuries in this video on health and rehab. ..”

“20 minutes of ice” then wait another 2 hours before repeating

-Other Common Injuries

=>Shin Splints
*see Medical: What are parts of the Skeletal System?

What are Shin Splints? and How to Cure them – YouTube

How to Cure Shin Splints in About 5 Minutes – YouTube

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome / MTSS / Shin Splints – YouTube

Kinesio Tape Anterior Shin Splints – YouTube

=> Ankle Sprains

Ankle Sprains (Types and Symptoms) – YouTube

=> Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles Tendonitis / Tendinopathy – Explained in 90 Seconds – YouTube

How to Heal Achilles Tendon Injuries – YouTube

=> Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis: FIx it Forever – YouTube

Plantar Fasciitis: The 2 Minute Fix – YouTube

*see Fitness: Various kinds of Stretches

Medical Conditions

Common Muscular Diseases by HANNAH RICE MYERS Last Updated: Aug 14, 2017
“..The human body consists of approximately 640 muscles that are named, in addition to an innumerable amount of smaller muscles that are not. All of these muscles combined play an intricate role in the way your body moves and works, each with a different job. As with any part of your body, muscles can become weak or injured due to a variety of disorders or diseases…

Sprains and Strains

While similar in how the injury is obtained, the difference between sprains and strains is the area of the body affected. A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament, while a strain is is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon.

Ligaments are the tissues responsible for connecting the bones at the joint, such as an ankle or wrist. Common causes of sprains include …

Tendons connect the muscle to the bone and are affected during a strain. …. The most common symptoms include muscle spasms, difficulty moving the injured area, pain and swelling.

In both cases, treatment typically includes rest, ice, bandaging the area so it remains immobilized and pain medications that reduce swelling, such as ibuprofen. Physical therapy may later be necessary.


Myositis is an inflammation of muscle fibers — a group of muscle diseases in which inflammation and degenerative changes occur. …

The most common diseases associated with myositis are dermatomyositis and polymyositis. While polymyositis results in muscle weakness in the muscles that are closest to the trunk of your body, dermatomyositis causes both muscle weakness and a skin rash. In both instances, the doctor typically treats with prednisone, a steroid.

Muscle Cramps

Muscle cramps are sudden and involuntary and can happen in one or more of your muscles at once. …

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy is not one muscular disease but a group of 30 genetic diseases that affect the muscles, causing weakness and complete loss and degeneration of the muscle. ..


*see Deep Thought: Why doesn’t God “heal” everybody?


Jesus Heals Woman with Muscular Dystrophy – Popular Christian Videos

Angie Healed of Muscular Dystrophy in Wisconsin – YouTube

Lifetime of Muscular Dystrophy & spinal prolapses healed – John …

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Good News Medical

“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”


Medical: What causes flatulence” (“gas”)?

Flatulence: Causes, symptoms, and remedies Last updated Wed 24 May 2017 By Christian Nordqvist
R eviewed by University of Illinois-Chicago, School of Medicine
“…gas, mainly in the form of hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide, is released.

As the gas builds up, the body may need to eliminate it, either through the mouth, by belching, or by passing wind through the anal passage.

Flatulence often occurs without the person being aware of it. There is no smell, and the amount is tiny. When there is a smell, there are usually small amounts of sulfur gases. If food has not been properly digested, it starts to decompose, or rot, releasing sulfur.


Five reasons why you might be farting so much – and what makes them so smelly ByZahra Mulroy, 10:38, 29 APR 2016 Updated13:43, 20 FEB 2017

We fart on average fourteen times a day, but there are a few reasons why the ‘quality’ and quantity can change for the worst

Here Is What Your Farts Reveal About Your Health

“…Regular farting is a sign that you’re consuming enough fiber, and have a healthy collection of bacteria in your intestines.
Cracking the Code of Breaking Wind

If you’re wondering how on earth the smell (or frequency) of farts could possibly give you clues to your health, you’re not alone. We’ve cracked the code of “cutting the cheese” so that these inevitable puffs of air and gases can help you learn more about your body and its health.
Stinky Farts

About one percent of th..”

Passing gas 101: What your flatulence patterns mean for your health By Loren Grush Published April 01, 2014 · Fox News
“…Some people may lack certain enzymes in their small intestines,” Sam said. “A common problem is lactose intolerance, where individuals lack the lactase enzyme, which breaks down lactose” – a sugar found in milk and most dairy products. “This causes diarrhea and bloating, because that [sugar] stays in the small bowel and causes more gas production.”

While excessive flatulence can reveal a lack of compounds in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, it can also indicate an overabundance of GI components. ..”

WHAT are your farts telling you? Nutritionist Kim D’Eon decodes main causes of your gas.

“Published on Sep 23, 2015

In this video, holistic nutritionist Kim D’Eon reviews the top 7 reasons you might have excessive gas aka: a farting problem.

In no particular order, your gas might be telling you:
1. You have a carb intolerance
2. You have a dairy intolerance
3. You’re easting too much meat
4. You’re combining the wrongs foods
5. You’re constipated
6. You have a yeast overgrowth
7. You might have an infection


8 Gas-Reducing Ideas To Stop Flatulence The Editors of Prevention
“…Avoid Gas-Promoting Foods

The primary cause of flatulence is the digestive system’s inability to absorb certain carbohydrates, says Samuel Klein, MD. Though you probably know that beans are surefire flatus producers, many people don’t realize that cabbage, broccoli, brussels sprouts, onions, cauliflower, whole wheat flour, radishes, bananas, apricots, pretzels, and many more foods can also be highly flatugenic.


Flatulence (Gas) Excessive Causes, Remedies and Relief

“…•Natural and home remedies for excessive gas or flatulence include dietary changes since chronic flatulence is often caused by certain foods that can be eliminated from the diet.
•Medical treatment for excessive flatulence or may include antibiotic treatment, increased dietary fiber intake, and including probiotics in the diet (recommended by some, but not all health-care professionals). More serious causes of excessive flatulence (for example, irritable bowel syndrome [IBS] and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth [SIBO]) may require additional medication and testing.

How to stop smelly farts of flatuence ?

Natural Remedy for Gas…
“…A Natural Remedy for Gas That Works Every Time…

So enough of the jokes. If you’re here looking for a natural remedy for gas then you obviously need it taken care of sooner rather than later. Fortunately, flatulence and bloating are easy to fix with home remedies, as you’re about to discover…

Natural Remedy for Gas #12:

Probiotics: Taking a good quality probiotic supplement everyday is the standard “must do” for digestive health. New research has found that probiotics not only help prevent a whole range of diseases, they also help to keep your bowel in tip-top working order. This is extremely important as a correct working bowel gets rid of waste quickly and stops the build up of foul smelling gas and stools. For pregnant and breastfeeding women, probiotics are especially important for a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby!

Any other suggestions, feedback, personal stories, etc..?

Good News Medical

Medical: What are some important parts of the Nervous System?

Nervous System,


The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts. The brain and spinal cord form the control center known as the central nervous system (CNS), where information is evaluated and decisions made. The sensory nerves and sense organs of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) monitor…

Nervous Tissue
The majority of the nervous system is tissue made up of two classes of cells: neurons and neuroglia….

There are 3 basic classes of neurons: afferent neurons, efferent neurons, and interneurons.

Neuroglia. Neuroglia, also known as glial cells, act as the “helper” cells of the nervous system. E..

The brain and spinal cord together form the central nervous system (CNS), where information is processed and responses originate. The brain, the seat of higher mental functions such…

Nerves are bundles of axons in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) that act as information highways to carry signals between the brain and spinal cord and the rest of the body.

Each axon is wrapped in a connective tissue sheath called the endoneurium. Individual axons of the nerve are bundled into groups of axons called fascicles, wrapped in a sheath of connective tissue called the perineurium. Finally, many fascicles are wrapped together in another layer of connective tissue called the epineurium to form a whole nerve. The wrapping of nerves with connective tissue helps to protect the axons and to increase the speed of their communication within the body.

Afferent, Efferent, and Mixed Nerves. Some of the nerves in the body are specialized for carrying information in only one direction, similar to a one-way street. Nerves that carry information from sensory receptors to the central nervous system only are called afferent nerves. Other neurons, known as efferent nerves, carry signals only from the central nervous system to effectors such as muscles and glands. Finally, some nerves are mixed nerves that contain both afferent and efferent axons. Mixed nerves function like 2-way streets where afferent axons act as lanes heading toward the central nervous system and efferent axons act as lanes heading away from the central nervous system.

Peripheral Nervous System

Somatic Nervous System
The somatic nervous system (SNS) is a division of the PNS that includes all of the voluntary efferent neurons. The SNS is the only consciously controlled part of the PNS and is responsible for stimulating skeletal muscles in the body.

Autonomic Nervous System
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is a division of the PNS that includes all of the involuntary efferent neurons. The ANS controls subconscious effectors such as visceral muscle tissue, cardiac muscle tissue, and glandular tissue.

There are 2 divisions of the autonomic nervous system in the body: the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions.

Sympathetic. The sympathetic division forms the body’s “fight or flight” response to stress, danger, excitement, exercise, emotions, and embarrassment….

Parasympathetic. The parasympathetic division forms the body’s “rest and digest” response when the body is relaxed, resting, or feeding. …

Enteric Nervous System

mostly works independently of the CNS and continues to function without any outside input. For this reason, the ENS is often called the “brain of the gut” or the body’s “second brain.” The ENS is an immense system—almost as many neurons exist in the ENS as in the spinal cord….

Anatomy and Physiology of Nervous System Part Brain – YouTube

Anatomy and Physiology of Nervous System Part I Neurons

“function of nervous system parts of the nervous system structure of brain nerve cell function anatomy physiology human cell structure parts of nervous system human brain facts the human anatomy human tissue brain system diseases of nervous system neurons in the brain anatomy human human body cells physiology and anatomy neurons function function of neuron nerve cell structure neurons in brain about human body human tissues function of neurons human blood cells neuron structure and function human brain function what is a nerve cell nervous cell what are the parts of the nervous system function of nerve cell nerve cells function human anatomy physiology the human brain facts human anatomy parts the brain anatomy tissues of the human body nervous diseases part of the nervous system nerves function types of human cells..”
Calcium signal communication in the central nervous system.
“…The communication of calcium signals between cells is known to be operative between neurons where these signals integrate intimately with electrical and chemical signal communication at synapses. Recently, it has become clear that glial cells also exchange calcium signals between each other in cultures and in brain slices. This communication pathway has received utmost attention since it is known that astro..”
10 Ways to Increase the Dopamine In Your Brain
“…More specifically, exercise increases multiple neurotransmitters – serotonin and endorphins, besides dopamine, receive a boost. Here’s something else cool: the exercise needn’t not be arduous. Simply taking a stroll or climbing some stairs will achieve a good dopamine jolt…”
*increase will help decrease Parkinson symptoms
Anatomy and Physiology of Nervous System Part Spinal Cord Nerves

Afferent (sensory “going in”) & Efferent (motor-“going out”)

12.1 Basic Structure and Function of the Nervous System

Diagram of the Human Nervous System (Infographic) By Ross Toro, Infographics Artist | March 18, 2013 01:16pm ET

Infographic: Drawing explains the parts of the human nervous system.

Role of Proprioceptors

“..are constantly determining the body’s position and the way it is moving through space. Changes in tension, sensations of stretch, and muscles responses provide information to the brain that determines whether the body is walking, sitting, standing, running, or dancing. Action potentials reach the cerebellum and transmit into this information. This information is then used to fine tune the body’s responses, such as initiate muscle contractions to enhance speed…”

Sensory Nerves and Receptors of Muscles and Tendons
Chapter 9 / Lesson 10 Transcript

Muscle Activation and Inhibition: GTOs, spindles and reciprocal inhibition
“Published on Jan 24, 2013
Methods of activation and inhibition of muscles using the GTOs and spindle receptors. Also, therapeutic use of reciprocal inhibition is presented to improve stretch therapies”

Proprioception and kinesthesia | Processing the Environment | MCAT | Khan Academy

2.4 EN: Proprioceptors

Muscle spindles: basic mechanism of these stretch sensors

“Published on Nov 7, 2011
Explaining muscle spindles reflex arc and its response to rapid strecth as a injury prevention mechanism”

What is Proprioception and Why is it Important? | Portland Chiropractor

“Published on Feb 16, 2015
Proprioception is defined as our body’s ability to know where it is in space. Training our proprioceptive pathways is a vital part of the rehab process and often left out of more traditional rehab plans.”

Good News Medical

Common Medical Conditions

*see Medical: How to apply First Aid?

Neurological Disorders

Common Neurological Disorders

Common Neurological Disorders – YouTube


Medical: How to get rid of that “dizziness”?

Health: How to deal with those headaches-migraines?

*see Medical: Epileptic or Epilepsy-Causes, Prevention, and Treatment?

Understanding Epilepsy (Epilepsy #1) – YouTube

What to Do for Someone Having a Seizure | Epilepsy – YouTube

First Aid in Seizures – YouTube

*see Health: How to “deal” with concussions?

How to Recognize & Treat a Concussion | First Aid Training – YouTube

Health: How to treat Neurological Disorders-Ataxia, Cerebral Palsy, etc…?

Medical: Cerebral Palsy types-Spastic Diplegia, etc…

Cancer type: How to fight a Brain Tumor ?


Neurological Diseases – YouTube

Health: How to reverse memory loss?

*see Medical: What to do with a severe nerve damage?


Peripheral Neuropathy Relief in the Feet & Legs – Ask … – YouTube

Diabetic Foot Strengthening Exercises – YouTube
*see Health: How to “fight” Diabetes?

Best Exercises for your Feet. Foot Strength and Stretch … – YouTube

*see Fitness: Various Feet Exercises


Fitness: Medical-Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness

Muscle stretch reflex

*see Fitness: Various kinds of Stretches

Reciprocal and Autogenic Inhibition

Muscle Activation and Inhibition: GTOs, spindles and reciprocal inhibition


Pectoralis minor
“.. is a thin, flat muscle found immediately underneath the pectoralis major. This is the smaller of the two pectoral muscles, or muscles of the chest…”
doorway stretch
Contract (opposite muscle)->
rhomboid major muscle
“… is located in the back region and helps keep the scapula, or shoulder blade, attached to the ribcage. It also rotates the scapula and retracts it towards the spinal column. ..”

Good News Fitness