Medical: What are parts of the Skeletal System?

ACE Chapter 1 Skeletal System Flashcards | Quizlet
https://quizlet.com/67717601/ace-chapter-1-skeletal-system-flash-cards/

Skeletal System Structures and Functions – YouTube
Video for skeletal system function and structure▶ 8:42

https://www.livescience.com/22537-skeletal-system.html

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM human anatomy

http://www.innerbody.com/image/skelfov.html

1. Axial Skeleton
2. Appendicular Skeleton

http://academic.pgcc.edu/~mhubley/a&p/205/notes/notes7.pdf

How to Learn the Human Bones | Tips to Memorize the Skeletal Bones

Bones Song

Bone Names Have Meaning – Part 1 – Get Started

http://www.my-ap.us/bonetypes

https://phuphumucl.files.wordpress.com/2017/08/survival-guide-for-anatomy.pdf

http://www.ivyroses.com/HumanBody/Skeletal/Bone-Types.php

Major Bones of the Body

Terminology

Medical Definition of Lateral medicinenet.com
“…1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from the middle or center of the body. Typically, lateral refers to the outer side of the body part, but it is also used to refer to the side of a body part. For example, when referring to the knee, lateral refers to the side of the knee farthest from the opposite knee. The opposite of lateral is medial.
2. In radiology, slang for a lateral X-ray…”

Medical Definition of Scapula medicinenet.com
“…Scapula: The shoulder blade (or “wingbone”), the familiar flat triangular bone at the back of the shoulder.

The word “scapula” (with the accent on the first syllable) is Latin. The Romans always employed the plural “scapulae”, the shoulder blades. Because the shoulder blade resembles the blade of a trowel (a small shovel), the word “scapula” is thought to have come from the Greek “skaptein” meaning “to dig.”

The term “subscapular” means under (sub) the scapula. The subscapularis muscle originates beneath the scapula. This muscle moves the arm by turning it inward (internal rotation). The subscapularis muscle tendon is part of the rotator cuff…’

Axis medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com

Fundamental Movements (From Anatomical Position) cram.com

MOVEMENTS

Types of Joints

Types of Joints
(between bones in the human body) ivyroses.com

Different types of joints enable the bones forming the joints to move relative to each other in different ways and to different extents, i.e. from freely moveable to hardly any movement at all.

The types of joints in the human body can be classified according to either

the structure of the joint (how the bones are attached together) or
the function of the joint (described in terms of the extent of possible movement of the bones forming the joint).

There is, of cours….”

1. Structural Classes of Joint

a. fibrous
b. cartilaginous

c. Synovial

Joint Movements ivyroses.com

This page lists with short definitions the types of movements at synovial joints.

Joint movements of this type are also known as anatomical movements. For more detailed information about a specific movement click the the name of the joint movement in the tables below (pink links in bold).
Angular Movements

Angular movements invo…”
9.5 Types of Body Movements opentextbc.ca
“…Overall, each type of synovial joint is necessary to provide the body with its great flexibility and mobility. There are many types of movement that can occur at synovial joints (Table 1). Movement types are generally paired, with one being the opposite of the other. Body movements are always described in relation to the anatomical position of the body: upright stance, with upper limbs to the side of body and palms facing forward. Refer to Figure 1 as you go through this section…”

(1) Planes of Movement
“Sagittal Plane

The Sagittal plane passes through the body front to back, so dividing it into left and right. Movements in this plane are the up and down movements of flexion and extension
Frontal Plane

The frontal plane divides the body into front and back. Movements in this plane are sideways movements, called abduction and adduction
Transverse Plane

This plane divides the body into top and bottom. Movements in this plane are rotational in nature, such as internal and external rotation, pronation and supination
Anatomical Position..”

(2) 4 General Groups of movements that occur in the synovial joints throughout thebody: gliding, angular, circumduction, and rotation
(3) 4 Angualar Movements for Synovial Joints: flexion, extensin, abduction, and adduction

Anatomical Terms of

Describing Skeletal Muscles: A Review of Muscle Attachments And Actions visiblebody.com
“…
Flexion and extension. Flexion and extension are usually movements forward and backward from the body, such as nodding the head…

Abduction and adduction.

Abduction and adduction are usually side-to-side movements, such as moving the arm laterally when doing jumping jacks.

Pronation and supination.

Describing the rotation of the forearm back and forth requires special terms. Spread your fingers out and look at the palms of your hands and the fingers and then rotate your palms to look at your nails. Now look at your palms again. That’s forearm supination and pronation….

Elevation and depression.

Elevation and depression are up-and-down movements, such as chewing or shrugging your shoulders. When you move the mandible down to open the mouth, that’s mandible depression. Move the mandible back up, that’s mandible elevation…

Protraction and retraction.

By moving your jaw back and forth in a jutting motion, you are protracting and retracting your mandible.
….
Inversion and eversion.

You invert your foot when you turn it inward to see what is stuck under your shoe. You evert your foot to put the sole of your shoe back on the floor.

…Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion.

You dorsiflex your feet to walk on your heels, and plantar flex them to tiptoe….

Fundamental Movements

Fundamental Movements (From Anatomical Position) at American … studyblue.com

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Exercises

The Wolff’s Law On Bone Transformation And Remodeling, Part I .naturalheightgrowth.com
“..Bone is anisotropic (it has different strength and stiffness depending on the direction of the load). Bone will grow, build, adapt, transform, and remodel due to enormous stress or force. The larger the forces the shin bone sustains, the greater the osteoblast response.

For example, by sitting with 30 lb ankle weight on each leg, the ankle weight and the earth’s gravitational pull will cause your shin bone to remodel. Thus, by eating nutritional foods and taking supplements daily, your shin bone mass density begins to thicken and lengthen due to the downward force exerted by the weights & gravity…’

  • Wolff’s Law – Definition in Physical Therapy
    This is How Your Bones Heal
    By Brett Sears, PT | Reviewed by a board-certified physician
    Updated June 27, 2017 .verywell.com
    “…Definition:

    Wolff’s Law states that bone grows and remodels in response to the forces that are placed upon it. After injury to bone, placing specific stress in specific directions to the bone can help it remodel and become normal healthy bone again. Your physical therapist should understand Wolff’s law to help guide your rehabilitation after a fracture or broken bone.
    How Does Wolff’s Law Apply to Physical Therapy

    Wolff’s Law applies to physical therapy in the treatment of osteoporosis and after a fracture.

    If you have osteoporosis, your bones may be brittle and weak. This can lead to pathologic fracture, most commonly in the spine or hip. Weight-bearing and strength exercises are usually recommended as a non-medicinal treatment for osteoporosis.

    If you have suffered a fracture, bone healing occurs while you have been immobilized with a cast or splint. After immobilization, gentle range of motion and stress can help improve the overall strength of your bone. This can help ensure that your bone is able to tolerate the loads and stresses that you may encounter during normal functional activities…

    Your PT can help guide you by prescribing the right exercises for you to do that will add a gradual and progressive stress to your injured bone.

    For example, after an ankle fracture, your doctor may order that you remain non-weight bearing for a few weeks immediately after the injury. During this time, there may be some benefit of early mobilization for your ankle. Your physical therapist can prescribe safe exercises that you can do that will place gentle stress through your bone while helping you maintain mobility….”

    Exercises to build Bone and Muscle Strength

    Bone Remodeling (Wolff’s Law), Muscle & Nerve Conditioning, Training for Stronger Harder Strikes

    How to Grow Your Bones

    Exercise for Your Bone Health niams.nih.gov
    “..The Best Bone Building Exercise

    The best exercise for your bones is the weight-bearing kind, which forces you to work against gravity. Some examples of weight-bearing exercises include weight training, walking, hiking, jogging, climbing stairs, tennis, and dancing. Examples of exercises that are not weight-bearing include swimming and bicycling. Although these activities help build and maintain strong muscles and have excellent cardiovascular benefits, they are not the best way to exercise your bones…”

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  • Medical: CPR-What to do?

    What is Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation? (CPR) What is CPR? whatiscpr.info
    “..Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) by the media and general public. These terms can lead to confusion around CPR and what it actually is…”

    About CPR & First Aid cpr.heart.org
    “..he American Heart Association’s Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) Programs deliver a dynamic message of hope — the hope of saving lives. New treatments have improved the possibility of survival from cardiovascular emergencies, cardiac arrest, and stroke. These new treatments offer the hope of improved quality of life for people who suffer these events…”

    CPR basics firstaidweb.com
    “..IMPORTANT AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION UPDATES

    October 15, 2015: The recommended sequence for a single rescuer has been confirmed: the single rescuer is to initiate chest compressions before giving rescue breaths (C-A-B rather than A-B-C) to reduce delay to first compression. The single rescuer should begin CPR with 30 chest compressions followed by 2 breaths. ..”

    CPR/AED 2017


    ‘Published on Feb 11, 2017

    Red Cross Primary Assessment, Giving Ventilation’s—Adult, Child and Infant, Using a Bag-Valve-Mask Resuscitator—Two Rescuers, Conscious Choking., CPR—Adult and Child, Using an AED and CPR—Obstructed Airway.”

    Archives

    CPR & First Aid Training Video How To Perform ABC’s of CPR


    “Published on Dec 14, 2016

    How to perform CPR & First Aid Training Video How To Perform ABC’s of CPR..”

    Any personal stories, suggestion, comments, feedback, etc… related to any material above on the topic?

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    Spiritual: What is Yoga?

    Negatives

    What is the Christian view of yoga? gotquestions.org

    “…The question becomes, is it possible for a Christian to isolate the physical aspects of yoga as simply a method of exercise, without incorporating the spirituality or philosophy behind it? Yoga originated with a blatantly anti-Christian philosophy, and that philosophy has not changed. It teaches one to focus on oneself instead of on the one true God. It encourages its participants to seek the answers to life’s difficult questions within their own consciousness instead of in the Word of God. It also leaves one open to deception from God’s enemy, who searches for victims whom he can turn away from God (1 Peter 5:8).

    Whatever we do should be done for God’s glory (1 Corinthians 10:31), and we would be wise to heed the words of the apostle Paul: “Fix your thoughts on what is true and honorable and right. Think about things that are pure and lovely and admirable. Think about things that are excellent and worthy of praise” (Philippians 4:8, NLT). A Christian should exercise caution and pray for discernment regarding involvement in yoga…”
    The Truth About Yoga-
    Yoga led Laurette Willis into a New Age lifestyle. Now she’s warning others of the spiritual pitfalls—and offering an alternative.

    Holly Vicente Robaina Home>2005>March
    “… It was 1965, and Laurette’s mom, Jacquie, didn’t think twice about exercising along with this yoga program that came on the TV after Jack La Lanne. She developed a passion for yoga, and began instructing free classes in her home. Laurette served as the demonstration model for her mom. The young girl relished the attention—and her family never suspected this seemingly innocent exercise would open the door to a New Age lifestyle that would affect Laurette for the next 22 years…..

    She’s developed a prominent presence on the Internet, largely due to her new exercise program, PraiseMoves, which she calls “a Christian alternative to yoga.” She shares her testimony on the website (www.PraiseMoves.com) in a pull-no-punches style, and responds to numerous e-mails—some curious, others critical of her stance on yoga. Additionally, she posts comments on the message boards of other fitness and religion websites. She’s also self-published a book and video about PraiseMoves….

    As an adult, Laurette immersed herself in every New Age and metaphysical practice she came across: chanting, crystals, tarot cards, psychics, channeling spirits.

    “I tried everything—Kabbalah, Universalism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism —because I was spiritually hungry,” Laurette says. “I call the New Age movement ‘Burger King’ because it’s like the fast-food restaurant’s motto: ‘Have it your way.’ That’s what the New Age movement tries to do, to achieve God on its terms.”…

    Is Yoga Sinful? desiringgod.org

    “…Secondly, I would want to say that both yoga and tai chi, the little I know and the little research I have done, have their roots in eastern worldviews and are profoundly in those roots antithetical to a Christian understanding of God and the way he works in the world. So yoga is to the body what mantra is to the mouth — that is the way I would put it anyway. One explanation says that for the mantra, “One has to chant a word or a phrase until he or she transcends mind and emotions and in the process the superconscious is discovered and achieved.” Note the use of “word” in that mantra-like way in order to move into the superconsciousness. In other words, yoga exercises are a spillover from that kind of verbal repetition and philosophy of how one moves physically and emotionally and intellectually to this superconsciousness…”

    Should Christians Do Yoga? .cbn.com
    “…These are postures that are offered to the 330 million Hindu gods. Yoga postures really are; they are offerings to the gods. If you do these postures and you do this breathing technique and this meditation, then you will be accepted by a god, little “G.” That’s the real danger,” she said.

    Laurette told me that one of her PraiseMoves certified personal trainers visited India for three months on a mission trip, and she would often see people in the streets doing yoga poses in front of the statues of the gods.

    “Romans 12:1-2 says we are to offer our bodies as a living sacrifice to God,” added Laurette. “Here they are doing something very similar with these postures to their 330 million gods, and it is scary. So we abstain from things offered to idols—Acts 15:29.”..”

    Think you can be Christian and do Yoga? PLS LISTEN TO THIS!


    “Published on Jul 3, 2014

    After being informed that the audience would have some professing Christians who do yoga, this talk “Dangers of Yoga and Kundalini” was given.

    This talk includes Purvi’s testimony of her journey as a former devoted Yogi to a follower of Jesus Christ/Yeshua haMashiach as well as an analysis of Yoga from a biblical perspective for the first hour. The second portion is a question and answer session.

    Disclaimer: In this video I suggest pilates as an alternative to yoga. I have learned since this talk that too many modern pilates classes are mixing yoga into the routines and it can be difficult to decipher for many. I do regret so liberally recommending pilates. I would recommend free style stretching , dancing, and general muscle toning as well as cardio exercises without hesitation. Sorry for any confusion or hindrance I may have caused!

    Special thanks to brother Rodney and sister Khala for helping get out the truth about Yoga and for great hospitality!

    **Isha Yoga document referenced in video: http://www.martusministry.org/downloa…

    *****Praise report update: We have been informed that after this talk, several people from the audience have repented of yoga involvement and quit their classes, Halleluyah!!”

    Neutral

    Episode 012 – Harry Potter and the Yoga Instructor


    Roasted Christian
    “Published on Sep 12, 2016

    Should Christians boycott Harry Potter? Is Yoga off limits for a believer? John and Bobby talk this and more in our final episode of season one. John finally gets a word in edgewise for Gary Johnson, we drink some of John’s home roasted Rwandan, and learn a little more about what “fullcity” is to sound like a much smarter hipster at your next coffee shop gathering. The occult, Halloween, and witches; nothing is off limits in this episode.

    The Roasted Christian Podcast
    Subscribe at: http://roastedchristian.com
    http://www.facebook.com/RoastedChristian

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    Produced by: Pet Fox Studios at http://petfoxstudios.com

    With humor and a profound sense of tongue in cheek, Bobby and John discuss relevant issues of faith, masculinity, and technology. We like our ideas how we like our coffee: freshly roasted.”
    *see Good and bad on “meditation”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

    Positives

    Yes to Yoga
    Can a Christian breathe air that has been offered to idols?

    by Agnieszka Tennant| May 19, 2005 christianitytoday.com
    “…Also yesterday, shame rushed through my face as I read on The Huffington Post, the hot, new, militantly liberal website, a reference to an article on yoga published by Christianity Today’s sister publication Today’s Christian Woman. In it, Max Blumenthal rightly pokes fun at the admiring article’s main voice, which belongs to Laurette Willis, who believes yoga is pretty much of the devil. “Yoga’s breathing techniques (pranayama) may seem stress-relieving, yet they can be an open door to psychic influences,” Willis says.

    Willis, who used to be a yoga instructor, believes that the practice opened her mind to New Age spirituality and led to her depression and alcoholism. After she was born again, she’s remade herself into a PraiseMoves instructor (and skilled marketer). She wouldn’t say this, but let’s face it: she’s still a yoga instructor—thus acknowledging yoga’s healthful benefits—but now offers biblical explanations and biblical-sounding names for the poses…”

    Ever did yoga? Thinking twice about continuing? What are the positives and negatives? What has benefited you?

    Good News Philosophy
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    Health: What “Minerals” in the Periodic Table are Important?

    One always here about the importance of vitamins and minerals to keep the body healthy. What “minerals” are they talking about?..

    Minerals That a Human Body Needs healthyeating.sfgate.com
    “…These essential nutrients, those that your body needs but cannot produce, include the inorganic substances found in foods known as minerals….

    Calcium

    Your body needs calcium to build strong bones and teeth. Calcium also plays a role in nerve transmissions, muscle function — including that of the heart — and hormone secretion. The Institute of Medicine recommends adults consume 1,000 to 1,200 milligrams of calcium per day. Good sources of calcium include dairy products like milk and yogurt and vegetables like kale, broccoli and cabbage.

    Potassium

    Potassium controls the electrical activity of your heart, making it vital to maintaining a normal heart rhythm. Your body also needs it to build proteins, break down and use carbohydrates, maintain the pH balance of the blood and support normal growth. Adults should consume 4,700 milligrams of potassium per day, according to the Institute of Medicine. Many foods contain potassium, including beef, fish, chicken, cantaloupe, potatoes, tomatoes and lima beans.
    Sodium

    Although too much sodium can increase your risk for developing high blood pressure, your body needs sodium to stimulate nerve and muscle function, maintain the correct balance of fluid in the cells and support the absorption of other nutrients including chloride, amino acids and glucose. Your body only requires 180 to 500 milligrams of sodium per day, but the Institute of Medicine sets the adequate intake, the amount expected to meet or exceed normal circulating nutrient values, at 1,500 milligrams per day. To avoid health problems, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans suggests limiting your sodium intake to no more than 2,300 milligrams per day, and those over 51 or with certain health conditions should consume no more than the listed adequate intake of 1,500 milligrams.
    Magnesium

    Your body needs magnesium to support more than 300 biochemical reactions. Magnesium supports muscle and nerve function, keeps your heart beating regularly, builds strong bones and boosts immunity. The Institute of Medicine recommends adult women consume 310 to 320 milligrams per day, while men need 400 to 420 milligrams per day. Beans, nuts, whole grains and green vegetables serve as good sources of magnesium.
    Phosphorus

    Phosphorus plays an important role in building strong bones and teeth, producing proteins the body needs and repairing cells. Adult men and women should consume 700 milligrams of phosphorus a day, according to the Institute of Medicine. Dairy foods, meat and whole grains contribute phosphorus to your diet.

    Chloride

    Chloride, usually consumed as a salt compound such as sodium chloride — better known as table salt — balances the fluids in your body and plays an essential role in the production of digestive juices in the stomach. With the high salt content of foods, most people meet the daily recommended intake of 1,800 to 2,300 milligrams per day.
    Trace Minerals

    Trace minerals, those minerals your body only needs in small amounts, also support important bodily functions. Your body uses iron to produce hemoglobin and myoglobin, proteins that carry oxygen in your body. The production of thyroid hormones that regulate nearly every cell in the body requires iodine. Manganese regulates blood sugar, enhances the absorption of calcium and plays a role in the production of connective tissues and bones. Chromium enhances the action of insulin making it important in regulating blood sugar. Fluoride keeps your teeth strong and healthy. Your body needs copper, selenium, mylobdenum and zinc to produce enzymes important in various reactions throughout the body.
    ..”

    Minerals Nutrition for the body – The List and Types Of Essential Minerals Your Body Needs in Food!


    “Published on Aug 26, 2015

    Minerals Nutrition for the body – The List and Types Of Essential Minerals Your Body Needs in Food!
    http://amzn.to/2fM4nPT on Amazon

    Minerals are inorganic substances which exist naturally in the earth, many of which are critical to the growth and production of bones, teeth, hair, blood, nerves and skin. These minerals are known as “essential” nutrients, which are: calcium, chromium, copper, fluorine, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium and zinc.

    http://www.helpwithcooking.com
    http://www.goodnet.org

    Macro Minerals:

    Calcium is the most important mineral to add to our diets, since our bodies cannot product it. Calcium, along with magnesium, vitamin D, phosphorus and fluoride strengthens the bone.

    Iron is critical for the delivery of oxygen to the cells, is necessary for the production of energy, necessary for the synthesis of collagen and function of the immune system. Iron is normally deficient only among children and pre-menopausal women, but excess iron is more common in men and post-menopausal women.

    Magnesium is crucial for maintenance of the acid-alkaline balance in the body, healthy functioning of nerves and muscles, and the activation of enzymes to metabolize blood sugars, proteins and carbohydrates.

    Phosphorus is stored in the bones at normally a 1:2 ratio to calcium, and is also a component of soft tissue and cells, where it contributes to the body’s chemical processes, for example to provide the energy necessary for metabolism.

    Zinc is required to support the immune system, protein synthesis, and reproductive health, particularly in men. Deficiencies are common, and can adversely affect the ability to heal, physical growth, nerve health, and the skin.

    Trace Minerals:

    Chromium is essential to several enzyme systems, including that which works with insulin in the processing of glucose (sugar). Insulin is necessary in the metabolism of triglycerides (the primary form of fat in the body). Therefore, chromium assists with maintaining triglycerides due to its control of insulin.

    Chromium deficiency has been shown to be linked to blood sugar imbalance and improper metabolism.

    Copper is important for the health of the cardiovascular, immune and nervous systems, liver, skin joint and blood. It is most concentrated in the liver and brain, and a crucial component in the absorption and utilization of iron and zinc.

    Iodine is essential to the function and development of the thyroid gland. Deficiencies result in enlargement of the thyroid, and during pregnancy and infancy can cause brain development and growth issues in the child. The most common source of iodine is table salt.
    .
    Manganese is critical to the metabolism of bones, and is essential for enzyme reactions, and healthy brain, thyroid, and nervous systems. rains.

    Selenium is a powerful antioxidant which works in concert with vitamin E to support the operation of antioxidant enzymes, and may reduce the risk of abnormal cell growth, as will many other antioxidants. It supports cardiovascular health and supports the thyroid and nervous system. Thyroid disorders are a growing concern in the US, and obesity and low thyroid are directly related.

    Molybdenum is necessary for the proper function of important enzymes. Deficiencies occur most often in those with metabolic conditions, while excess amounts can cause poor copper retention. Sources include whole grains, beans and dairy products.

    Fluoride protects tooth enamel from acid forming bacteria, and strengthens bone and tissue. Sources include fluoridated water, tea, and canned salmon and mackerel (because of the bones processed with the fish).

    Non-Essential Trace Minerals:

    There are other trace minerals not yet recognized by the health authorities, but which are believed essential for human health such as silicon, arsenic, boron, and vanadium.

    Boron has been shown only recently (since the 1980s) to play an important role in the motabolism of other minerals, partcularly calcium and magnesium.

    Silicon is involved in the formation of cartilage and skeletal system. It is common in most unrefined produce (grains, vegetables and fruits).

    Vanadium has been found to be important for metabolizing fat, and maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system by inhibiting cholesterol synthesis.

    Electrolytes:

    Electrolytes are essential to maintaining healthy electrochemical activity. Water, along with sodium, potassium and chloride. Sodium and potassium are positively charged, while chloride is negatively charged.

    Potassium, along with Sodium, is responsible for the regulation of fluids inside of the cells.

    Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/2327964

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    16 Essential Minerals”

    Essential Minerals Required for Human Body to Survive – Healthy & FIt
    Deblina Biswas thefitindian.com

    11 Essential Vitamins and Minerals Your Body Needs Oct 30, 2013 goodnet.org
    “We all know vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients the body needs – but what does each vitamin do? And which foods are vitamin powerhouses? Here’s the low-down on which letter does what, from A (that is, Vitamin A) to Z (or – zinc)….

    8. CALCIUM

    GOOD FOR: Healthy teeth and bones.
    NATURAL SOURCE: This mineral is another one that most of us already know – the best sources are dairy products like yogurt, cheese and milk, along with tofu and black molasses.

    9. IRON

    GOOD FOR: Building muscles naturally and maintaining healthy blood.
    NATURAL SOURCE: You might be surprised to know that clams take the top spot for iron content, followed by oysters and organ meats like liver. For the vegetarians among us, soybeans, cereal, pumpkin seeds, beans, lentils and spinach are great sources of iron.

    10. ZINC

    GOOD FOR: Immunity, growth and fertility.
    NATURAL SOURCE: Seafoods like oysters are also zinc-rich, along with spinach, cashews, beans and – wait for it – dark chocolate.

    11. CHROMIUM

    GOOD FOR: Glucose function – making sure every cell in your body gets energy as and when needed.
    NATURAL SOURCE: As long as your diet contains servings of whole grains, fresh vegetables and herbs, you should be getting enough chromium.

    Learned anything new? What “minerals” are you lacking?

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    Others:

    Cu-Copper

    Top 10 Foods Highest in Copper healthaliciousness.com

    “…Copper is an essential mineral required by the body for bone and connective tissue production, and for coding specific enzymes that range in function from eliminating free radicals to producing melanin. A deficiency in copper can lead to osteoporosis, joint pain, lowered immunity, and since copper is essential for the absorption of iron, anemia. Conversely, over-consumption of copper will lead to cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting in the short term, and can lead to depression, schizophrenia, hypertension, senility, and insomnia in the long term. Copper in large amounts can even be poisonous. The stomach needs to be acidic in order to absorb copper and thus antacids interfere with the absorption of copper, as do milk and egg proteins. The current DV for copper is 2mg. Below is a list of high copper foods, for more, see the lists of high copper foods by nutrient density, and copper rich foods…

    #2: Raw Kale …

    Ch-Chromium

    -Deficiency

    =>White/gray hair
    What your gray hair may be telling you Wednesday, January 29, 2014 by: Carolanne Wright
    Tags: grey hair, aging, TCM naturalnews.com
    “..Reduction of stress is important for balancing both. Exercise, yoga, deep breathing, massage, acupuncture and meditation are all beneficial. Amla, a popular Ayurvedic herb, is also recommended as it slows down aging.

    Furthermore, premature gray hair can indicate thyroid disorders like Grave’s disease, Hashimoto’s disease, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Vitamin B5, B6 and B12 deficiencies, as well as iron anemia, are also common. These vitamin and mineral problems are often linked with malabsorption issues stemming from Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, intestinal bacterial overgrowth or fish tapeworms. Lack of adequate vitamin A, zinc and copper are troublesome too and can lead to poor immunity, weakened blood vessel integrity and, in some cases, stroke and cardiovascular disease…”
    How to Get Rid of Gray Hair | Foods to Eat to Turn White to Black Hair Naturally , from youtube.com
    “..Published on Oct 4, 2016

    How to Get Rid of Gray Hair | Foods to Eat to Turn White to Black Hair Naturally. Due to eating lifestyle change, it is common to see more young people to get grey hair. Proper nutrition is very important to our hair by protecting it from getting greying, thinning and hair loss. Eat following vitamins and minerals foods for getting healthier coloured hair and helpful to reverse white or grey hair back to your original hair or black hair colour.

    Vitamin C and E foods are powerful to prevent grey hair which helps in slowing down the aging process of hair.

    Rich in copper foods to help generate more melanin and to helps to restore from grey hair back to the original hair colour of yours.

    High in zinc mineral foods also crucial to turn to original colour and maintain the colour of your hair.

    Omega3 fatty acid foods to get much beneficial for the health of hair and for keeping the natural color of hair

    Vitamin B12 was crucial to turn grey hair to original hair colour in 3 months as studies shown.

    Folic acid can cure from premature greying of hair.

    Expose to Sunshine to get Vitamin D to helps in reversesing grey hair.

    Avoid Eating White and brown table sugars refined by going through chemical process can Interfere hair tissue grow and disrupt of absorption of important protein for hair causing hair turns grey faster.

    Avoid from smoke because can destroys the slight color and even worse by cause hair loss…”

    -Source

    What Is the Best Source of Chromium in Food?
    by JILL CORLEONE, RDN, LD Last Updated: Jun 01, 2016 livestrong.com
    “…Chromium supports insulin function, which helps regulate your blood sugar, and might also play a role in your metabolism. But 90 percent of Americans don’t get enough chromium in their diet, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. While many foods offer small amounts of chromium, a few healthy options offer considerable amounts to help you get the recommended 20 to 35 micrograms per day.
    Best Food Sources of Chromium

    Chromium is found in a wide variety of foods, including fruits, veggies, meats, seafood, herbs and spices, but most of these contain only 2 micrograms of chromium or less, according to the Office of Dietary Supplements. Additionally, the amount of chromium may vary due to how the food is grown or manufactured. But there are some foods that make it easy for you to meet your daily chromium needs.

    Shellfish make it easy to get your daily chromium needs. Mussels are one of the best sources, with 110 micrograms per 3-ounce serving. Oysters can also help you get more than what you need, with 49 micrograms in 3 ounces.

    If you don’t like shellfish, a small pear…

    …, which has 40 micrograms, might work. With 28 micrograms in six nuts, Brazil nuts are also an excellent source of chromium and can help get you closer to your daily needs. And a medium-sized tomato has 25 micrograms.
    ..”

    Terms:

    synthesize merriam-webster.com
    “… : to combine or produce by synthesis

    2
    : to make a synthesis of

    3
    : to produce (something, such as music) by an electronic synthesizer..”

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