ACE Chapter 1 Skeletal System Flashcards | Quizlet
Skeletal System Structures and Functions – YouTube
Video for skeletal system function and structure▶ 8:42
THE SKELETAL SYSTEM human anatomy
1. Axial Skeleton
2. Appendicular Skeleton
How to Learn the Human Bones | Tips to Memorize the Skeletal Bones
Bone Names Have Meaning – Part 1 – Get Started
Major Bones of the Body
Medical Definition of Lateral medicinenet.com
“…1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from the middle or center of the body. Typically, lateral refers to the outer side of the body part, but it is also used to refer to the side of a body part. For example, when referring to the knee, lateral refers to the side of the knee farthest from the opposite knee. The opposite of lateral is medial.
2. In radiology, slang for a lateral X-ray…”
Medical Definition of Scapula medicinenet.com
“…Scapula: The shoulder blade (or “wingbone”), the familiar flat triangular bone at the back of the shoulder.
The word “scapula” (with the accent on the first syllable) is Latin. The Romans always employed the plural “scapulae”, the shoulder blades. Because the shoulder blade resembles the blade of a trowel (a small shovel), the word “scapula” is thought to have come from the Greek “skaptein” meaning “to dig.”
The term “subscapular” means under (sub) the scapula. The subscapularis muscle originates beneath the scapula. This muscle moves the arm by turning it inward (internal rotation). The subscapularis muscle tendon is part of the rotator cuff…’
Types of Joints
Types of Joints
(between bones in the human body) ivyroses.com
Different types of joints enable the bones forming the joints to move relative to each other in different ways and to different extents, i.e. from freely moveable to hardly any movement at all.
The types of joints in the human body can be classified according to either
the structure of the joint (how the bones are attached together) or
the function of the joint (described in terms of the extent of possible movement of the bones forming the joint).
There is, of cours….”
1. Structural Classes of Joint
Joint Movements ivyroses.com
This page lists with short definitions the types of movements at synovial joints.
Joint movements of this type are also known as anatomical movements. For more detailed information about a specific movement click the the name of the joint movement in the tables below (pink links in bold).
Angular movements invo…”
9.5 Types of Body Movements opentextbc.ca
“…Overall, each type of synovial joint is necessary to provide the body with its great flexibility and mobility. There are many types of movement that can occur at synovial joints (Table 1). Movement types are generally paired, with one being the opposite of the other. Body movements are always described in relation to the anatomical position of the body: upright stance, with upper limbs to the side of body and palms facing forward. Refer to Figure 1 as you go through this section…”
(1) Planes of Movement
The Sagittal plane passes through the body front to back, so dividing it into left and right. Movements in this plane are the up and down movements of flexion and extension
The frontal plane divides the body into front and back. Movements in this plane are sideways movements, called abduction and adduction
This plane divides the body into top and bottom. Movements in this plane are rotational in nature, such as internal and external rotation, pronation and supination
(2) 4 General Groups of movements that occur in the synovial joints throughout thebody: gliding, angular, circumduction, and rotation
(3) 4 Angualar Movements for Synovial Joints: flexion, extensin, abduction, and adduction
Anatomical Terms of
Describing Skeletal Muscles: A Review of Muscle Attachments And Actions visiblebody.com
Flexion and extension. Flexion and extension are usually movements forward and backward from the body, such as nodding the head…
Abduction and adduction.
Abduction and adduction are usually side-to-side movements, such as moving the arm laterally when doing jumping jacks.
Pronation and supination.
Describing the rotation of the forearm back and forth requires special terms. Spread your fingers out and look at the palms of your hands and the fingers and then rotate your palms to look at your nails. Now look at your palms again. That’s forearm supination and pronation….
Elevation and depression.
Elevation and depression are up-and-down movements, such as chewing or shrugging your shoulders. When you move the mandible down to open the mouth, that’s mandible depression. Move the mandible back up, that’s mandible elevation…
Protraction and retraction.
By moving your jaw back and forth in a jutting motion, you are protracting and retracting your mandible.
Inversion and eversion.
You invert your foot when you turn it inward to see what is stuck under your shoe. You evert your foot to put the sole of your shoe back on the floor.
…Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion.
You dorsiflex your feet to walk on your heels, and plantar flex them to tiptoe….
The Wolff’s Law On Bone Transformation And Remodeling, Part I .naturalheightgrowth.com
“..Bone is anisotropic (it has different strength and stiffness depending on the direction of the load). Bone will grow, build, adapt, transform, and remodel due to enormous stress or force. The larger the forces the shin bone sustains, the greater the osteoblast response.
For example, by sitting with 30 lb ankle weight on each leg, the ankle weight and the earth’s gravitational pull will cause your shin bone to remodel. Thus, by eating nutritional foods and taking supplements daily, your shin bone mass density begins to thicken and lengthen due to the downward force exerted by the weights & gravity…’
This is How Your Bones Heal
By Brett Sears, PT | Reviewed by a board-certified physician
Updated June 27, 2017 .verywell.com
Wolff’s Law states that bone grows and remodels in response to the forces that are placed upon it. After injury to bone, placing specific stress in specific directions to the bone can help it remodel and become normal healthy bone again. Your physical therapist should understand Wolff’s law to help guide your rehabilitation after a fracture or broken bone.
How Does Wolff’s Law Apply to Physical Therapy
Wolff’s Law applies to physical therapy in the treatment of osteoporosis and after a fracture.
If you have osteoporosis, your bones may be brittle and weak. This can lead to pathologic fracture, most commonly in the spine or hip. Weight-bearing and strength exercises are usually recommended as a non-medicinal treatment for osteoporosis.
If you have suffered a fracture, bone healing occurs while you have been immobilized with a cast or splint. After immobilization, gentle range of motion and stress can help improve the overall strength of your bone. This can help ensure that your bone is able to tolerate the loads and stresses that you may encounter during normal functional activities…
Your PT can help guide you by prescribing the right exercises for you to do that will add a gradual and progressive stress to your injured bone.
For example, after an ankle fracture, your doctor may order that you remain non-weight bearing for a few weeks immediately after the injury. During this time, there may be some benefit of early mobilization for your ankle. Your physical therapist can prescribe safe exercises that you can do that will place gentle stress through your bone while helping you maintain mobility….”
How to Grow Your Bones
Exercise for Your Bone Health niams.nih.gov
“..The Best Bone Building Exercise
The best exercise for your bones is the weight-bearing kind, which forces you to work against gravity. Some examples of weight-bearing exercises include weight training, walking, hiking, jogging, climbing stairs, tennis, and dancing. Examples of exercises that are not weight-bearing include swimming and bicycling. Although these activities help build and maintain strong muscles and have excellent cardiovascular benefits, they are not the best way to exercise your bones…”