Fitness: Tips for “Leaner” Muscles

Starting Out

9 Weight Training Tips | Female Bodybuilding

This Is How Many Reps You Should Be Doing If You’re Looking to Get Lean Author picture of Tamara Pridgett March 26, 2018 by Tamara Pridgett
“..Mitchell advises splitting your workouts up into heavy, medium, and light days. Her reasoning — “Muscle confusion is everything. The body never hits a plateau when we constantly switch up the weight and rep schemes.” Here’s a sample of what your programming should look like:

Heavy weight day: Do three sets, decreasing the amount of reps in each set. Start with 10 reps, decrease to eight reps in your second set, and your final set should be only six reps. Be sure to take one and a half to two minutes rest in between each set.
Medium weight day: Do three sets of 12 reps, taking 45 seconds to one minute of rest between sets.
Light weight day: Do three sets of 15 reps with 45 seconds to one minute of rest in between each set.
..”

HOW TO WRITE A WORKOUT PROGRAM – made easy!

Sal: I personally workout 5-6 days a week (sample below)
M-Upper Body: Arms & Biceps
T-Lower Body: Legs & Cardio
W-Upper Body: Triceps & Back
Th- Lower Body: Legs & Cardio
F-Upper body: Chest
Sa-Abodominals (shoulders or other muscles I haven’t been able to workout earlier in the week)
*Note: I do various abdominal workouts daily!

30-Minute Strength Training for Women | Home Workout for All Levels

How Many Reps,Sets and Rest Should You Do To Build Lean Muscle

5 sets 10-12 reps, 20 second break

How many sets and reps to build muscle | for size, mass, strength

3-5 sets 6-10 reps

Upper Body

Misc.

LEAN UPPER BODY WORKOUT FOR WOMEN – YouTube

Tank Top Arms Workout – Shoulders, Arms & Upper Back … – YouTube

Lower Body

*see Fitness: Lower Body Workout goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

-Legs

Best Thigh Exercises for Toned Legs! (At Home No … – YouTube

23 Exercises for Lean Legs – YouTube

17 Min Home Leg Workout Routine – Legs Thighs Buttocks … – YouTube

Any other suggestions?

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“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

Fitness: How to get “defined” glutes (butt)?

The Best Workout For Your Butt Type self.com
Find your tush type, then sculpt the derriere of your dreams with our customized plan. Bottoms up!
“..Whatever your jeans size, most fannies fit into the flat, droopy or ample categories. You can’t trade genes with J.Lo, but you can tweak your workout to maximize your caboose’s natural gifts, says Pete McCall, an exercise physiologist in San Diego for the American Council on Exercise, who designed this workout. In other words, the right routine can help round out the flat-bottomed, lift up the droopy and slim down the generously proportioned! Read about your rump’s go-to moves, then shape a butt you can get behind by doing your plan three times a week…”

Women

The 24 Killer Bodyweight Moves for Your Butt MAY 9, 2017 | BY AMY EISINGER greatist.com
“..News flash: Your glutes exist for better reasons than just looking good in those apple-bottom jeans. The major muscle group (made up of your gluteus maximus, medius, and minimus) is a key player in explosive movements like jumping and sprinting. A strong butt can also help relieve low-back pain and make everyday movements—like standing and climbing stairs—that much easier…”

Defying Gravity: How to Build a Stronger, Defined Butt By Stephanie Dolgoff fitnessmagazine.com
“..In fact, EMG studies have been done to find which strength moves get each muscle firing, and our Sculpt Your Backside routine puts those principles to work; one flat-fannied tester added a quarter inch to her behind within four weeks.

The Sculpt Your Backside Butt Workout

Meet 6 women who tried the Sculpt Your Backside Workout

Of course, a big part of your butt’s appearance is dictated by the layer of fat that covers those glutes. “Much of the female posterior is adipose tissue,” Reed says. “The actual muscles are shaped like men’s, if a little different in orientation because the pelvis is slightly wider.”..”

The 24 Killer Bodyweight Moves for Your Butt May 9, 2017 | By Amy Eisinger greatist.com

How to Grow Upper Glutes & Lift Your Butt – YouTube

TOP 6 EXERCISES FOR A DEFINED BOOTY – How to get contact with your glutes Part 2

Men

Butt Exercises For Men Guys, This Is The One Workout You Really Need To Stop Forgetting Jorden Pagel .askmen.com
“..The problem most guys have however, is we spend entirely too much time focus on muscles like our chest, arms, and abs, that we often forget about other body parts; until we’re admiring ourselves in the mirror (which we all do, don’t lie), and we see it…pancake ass.

RELATED: Here’s What You Should Be Doing Instead Of Back Squats

Booty training isn’t just for the ladies. Women love a man with a great ass too, and we owe it to both them, and ourselves, to take our ass training seriously.

It’s 2017, butt stuff is in, so it’s time to make dat ass great again…

Conventional & Sumo

Deadlifts are great, not only because they are a total body movement, but they also are incredibly effective for building the glutes and hamstrings, due to the ability to use very heavy loads. Research shows that conventional and sumo deadlifts are both equally effective for training the glutes. The important thing to remember when deadlifting is to really squeeze the glutes hard at the top part of the movement…”

Fitness: Triceps-“Deadlifts” (Glutes, Back, Hamstrings, etc..) w/HealthFitnessLifeGuy

The 17 Best Glutes Exercises By The Editors of Men’s Health Mar 12, 2015 menshealth.com

Target your body’s largest and most powerful muscle group with these expert-approved moves

Top 3 Strength and Physique Glute Exercises for Men … – YouTube

How To Tone Your Buttocks With 5 Glute Exercise’s (Men) – Best 5 Butt …

7 Easy Fixes to Make Butt Exercises More Effective
QUAD Dominant
“…
If you’re feeling your glutes exercises in your legs, you might be quad-dominant—and tight hips may be to blame.

How does quad dominance occur? It’s not something you’re born with—it’s something you develop over time. The process of becoming quad-dominant usually starts with tight hips…

Plus, weak glutes and hamstrings can cause a host of issues in their own right. Weak glutes can lead to overuse of the low back, which isn’t designed to take on that much load, says McCall. If you pick up your suitcase with your back muscles instead of your glutes, for example, you’re setting yourself up for aches and pains, McCall says…

..Here are seven things to help balance out the work and get your glutes and hammies involved the way they should be…

Is Your Squat “Quad Dominant” Or “Hip Dominant?” Posted on August 8, 2017 by Dr. Aaron Horschig squatuniversity.com
“..Imagine now someone tied a rope around the same 10 lb. dumbbell and attached it to your elbow. It would now be much easier to hold your arm in front of you. This is because the length of the lever arm decreased, which meant there was less force (torque) required by the shoulder to keep the arm extended. Make sense?

But how does this relate to the squat?

If we take a snapshot of a squat at its parallel position, we can calculate the amount of torque that is generated at each joint complex (hips, knees and low back). Like we mentioned earlier, gravity always pulls straight down and during the squat it is often represented as a vertical line drawn through the middle of the barbell. This vertical line then runs through the body and divides the thigh…”

Is Your Squat ‘Quad or Hamstring Dominant?’ |#AskSquatU Show Ep. 13|

Are You Quad Dominant? Simple Test! (HOW TO FIX WEAK GLUTES!!)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5U631IuCemI
*warm-up your glutes by using a band and do repetitive “kick backs”
*see Fitness: How to get “defined” glutes (butt)? oodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Glute Or Quad Dominant During The Squat With Luke Rose

Glute Dominant Squat Pattern

Best Squat for Athletes: Glute Dominant Squats – YouTube

Squats are not Hip Dominant or Knee Dominant. Some Biomechanical Black Magic. strongerbyscience.com/

The Posterior-chain Workout
Elizabeth Kovar by Elizabeth Kovar
on September 02, 2014 acefitness.org
“..The anatomical term “posterior” refers to the backside of the body. Thus, the phrase, “posterior chain,” refers to the muscles of the backside of the body, specifically the low back, gluteals, hamstrings and calf muscles…”

Elderly

*see Health & Fitness: How to get more “energy” for the Elderly? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

The #1 Exercise All Older Adults Should Be Doing By Abby Lerner | September 19, 2017 silversneakers.com
“..The squat is the single most important exercise we do in the gym. Why? Because life demands that we do it multiple times every day—to stand up, sit down, get out of a car, and more. So it’s crucial to establish a good foundation for this movement pattern…”

Chair Squat For Seniors – YouTube

Senior Exercises: Seated Chair Squats – YouTube

The Squat – Training the Elderly – YouTube

Any other suggestions you would personally like to make that has worked for you?

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“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

Health & Fitness: How to Gain “Healthy” Muscle Weight?

First, how much do you weigh? Is it a “healthy” BMI (Body Mass Index)?

BMI Calculator active.com

Sal: I’m 5’6″, so my ideal weight would be not more than 148 according to the calculator above. I’m currently 140lbs (10.8.18)-BMI 23, which has been my consistent weight for awhile now.

Putting on the Pounds
American Council on Exercise by American Council on Exercise
on January 29, 2009 acefitness.org
“..Nutrition Strategies

A useful rule of thumb is that to gain 1 pound of body weight per week, you should consume an additional 500 calories per day above the amount you typically consume…”

Ideal Body Fat Percentage Chart: How Lean Should You Be? builtlean.com

What Is A Healthy Body Fat Percentage For Men? (Charts & Ranges)

-Measure Tools

Fat Loss Monitor | Track BMI and Body Fat … – Omron Healthcare omronhealthcare.com

Health-Fitness: Do you know your “body fat” (compostion)? w/HealthFitnessLifeGuy

OMRON fat loss monitor HBF – 306C – OVERVIEW

What’s a Healthy BMI in Adults? Here’s Everything You Need to Know everydayhealth.com
“.. less than 18.5 = underweight
18.5–24.9 = normal weight
25–29.9 = overweight
30 or higher = obese..”

*more Health & Fitness: Trying to lose weight? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com


BMI Calculator for Men & Women: Calculate Your Body Mass Index webmd.com

Smart BMI Calculator smartbmicalculator.com

Fitness

Gain 10 Pounds of Muscle in 4 Weeks muscleandfitness.com

How To Gain Weight And Build Muscle Mass Fast And Naturally

Both Fitness & Health

Top 10 Workout Tips | Muscle Building & Body Fat Burning Advice

Sal: I spread my workout routine throughout the week. For example:

Mondays: Upper Body-Chest & Back
Tuesdays: Lower Body-Carido & Legs
Wednesdays: Upper Body-Triceps & Back
Thursdays: Lower Body-Carido & Legs
Fridays: Upper Body- Arms & Shoulders
Saturdays: Core Focus

However, Monday-Saturday: I start my morning doing 3 types of push-ups and numerous core exercises. I do various core exercises throughout week as I mix it in between my sets M-F.

6 Tips To Gain Muscle Mass Naturally – YouTube

-Skinny?

How to Gain Weight Naturally if You’re Skinny | Build Muscle For Skinny Guys – Weight Gain Tips Men

How to Gain Weight : The three ingredients to go from skinny to muscular are nutrition, training and consistency. Here are the most important tips to gain weight for skinny hardgainers and ectomorphs… Eat More. Eat more calories than your body burns. How much depends on your metabolism and activity levels. But if you’re not gaining weight, you’re not eating enough. Eat More Meals. Small meals are easier to eat than big ones. They don’t make you feel stuffed. Wake up earlier, eat breakfast, and then eat 3-4 more meals a day. Eat Caloric Dense Foods. Food high in carbs and/or fats has more calories per serving. It takes less eating to create a caloric surplus. Bulk on pasta, dried fruits, nuts, etc. Eat More Protein. Your muscles need protein to recover from your workouts and grow bigger. Eat a whole source of protein with each meal – meat, chicken, fish, eggs, etc Go Liquid. Blended food digests more easily than solid food. Make weight gainer shakes by mixing oats, milk, banana, peanut butter and whey protein in your blender. Track Calories. Skinny guys over-estimate how much they eat. They think they eat a lot but they don’t. Track your calorie intake to make sure you’re eating enough to gain weight. Lift Heavy. Stop wasting time with curls and flies. Do free weight, compounds like Squats and Deadlifts instead. They trigger more strength and muscle gains to gain weight. Be Consistent. If you eat a lot today but little the rest of the week, you won’t gain weight. You must consistently eat more than you burn to increase your body-weight. Weight Goals for Men How much weight do you have to gain to stop looking skinny? A simple rule is to take your height in centimeter, substract 100, and that’s your goal weight in kg. Anything less you’ll always look skinny. Here’s a table with minimum goal weights for skinny guys, and maximum muscular weights.

Health-Nutrition

7 Fundamentals of Eating for Muscle Growth | Mass Class
https://youtu.be/C1s_2au4qcM
“Bodybuilding.com
Published on Jul 13, 2016
I want people to be more educated about what they eat. It’s a major part of why I became a professor and researcher: to share the latest insights that science has to offer about how to eat to build muscle, get shredded, and built your best physique.
..

| 7 Fundamentals of Eating for Muscle Growth | 1. Perfecting Your Protein (00:37) 2. Timing Your Meals (01:32) 3. Choosing Protein Sources (03:10) 4. Selecting Smart Carbs (04:48) 5. Solving The Sodium Dilemma (07:19) 6. Knowing When to Cheat (08:39) 7. Avoiding Dietary Pitfalls (09:14)..

Sal: 3-I take various whey protein powder supplements after each workout. In fact, I try to change the brand each time I finish one container to bring that variety and so my muscles won’t be so used to the “same” one. I take the powder (5 mg) mix with goat milk powder in a container to shake it ONLY after my leg workouts. I get my protein sources from other areas (e.g. greek yogurt , protein bar (variety depending on what’s on sale), etc..) as post-workout snack within 30 minutes. During this time, I can try to make my meal (depending on the day and time I workout). For example, during supper-I would cook chicken (no hormones), turkey, salmon, or tuna.

Sal: In regarding the health area, I take various vitamins throughout the day..

AM-Vitamin C
Noon-Vitamin D with Magnesium
Evening-Fish Oil

I try other various vitamins- supplements throughout the week.

Mass-Gaining Meal Plan | Muscle & Fitness muscleandfitness.com
“..Below are two sample mass-gaining meal plans for a 180–200-pound male, courtesy of Liz Jackson, owner of Jackson Nutrition (@broccolifit)…”

10 BEST Foods To Add MUSCLE Mass FAST!

Oats 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits healthline.com
“..Phytic Acid: Most abundant in the bran, phytic acid is an antioxidant that can impair the absorption of minerals, such as iron and zinc (12, 38)…”

Top 10 Foods to Build Muscle – Nutrition Natural Way – YouTube

-Quinoa

Sal: I usually like making a cup of this and eating 1/4 with each meal

-Organic Peanut Butter

Sal: I prefer having a peanut butter “wrap” (instead of bread, I used taco/burrito wraps)

The 18 Best Healthy Foods to Gain Weight Fast healthline.com
“..Here are 18 of the best foods to help you gain weight or add muscle, the healthy way.

..2. Milk

Milk has been used as a weight gainer or muscle builder for decades (1).

It provides a good balance of proteins, carbs and fats and is a good source of calcium, as well as other vitamins and minerals (2).

For those trying to add more muscle, milk is an excellent protein source that provides both casein and whey proteins. Research has even shown it can help you add muscle when combined with weight lifting (3, 4).

Additionally, studies have found that milk, or whey and casein combined, can lead to greater mass gain than other protein sources (4, 5).

Try drinking around one or two glasses as a snack, with a meal, or before and after a workout if you are training…

6. Potatoes and Starches

Potatoes and other starchy foods are a very easy and cost-effective way to add in extra calories.

Try to choose one of these healthy sources of starchy carbs:

Quinoa
Oats
Corn
Buckwheat
Potatoes and sweet potatoes…

Sal: I fry these in olive oil almost after every upper body workkouts! It’s a great pre-snack while making /cooking supper!

” Squash
Winter root vegetables
Beans and legumes…

7. Salmon and Oily Fish

Like red meat, salmon and oily fish are excellent sources of protein and important healthy fats…

8. Protein Supplements

Taking protein supplements is a common strategy for athletes and bodybuilders who want to gain weight.

Whey protein supplements and mass gainers can be a very easy and cost-effective strategy to gain weight, especially when combined with strength training (18, 19).

Some people think whey protein is unhealthy or unnatural, but this isn’t the case. Whey protein is made from dairy and has been shown to improve markers of health and reduce disease risk (20, 21, 22).

It may be even more important if you’re also training since your daily protein requirements increase..

*see Health & Fitness: Ergogenic Aids & Energy Enhancing Supplements goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Females

How to Gain Weight the Healthy Way – Building Curves … – YouTube

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“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

Fitness: Various “Home” & “Backyard” Exercises

Creative Ways to Exercise at Home! – YouTube

Household Chores

16 Ways to Lose Weight Doing Chores Charlotte Andersen shape.com
“..Do double duty with this multitasker’s dream workout!..”

How To Workout and Clean Your House – YouTube

The Housework Workout – YouTube

-Yard work

Fitness: Outdoor Yard Work-Tilling Garden w/HealthFitnesslifeGuy

Weed Pulling Workout (Yard Work Time Lapse … – YouTube

Back yard work out – YouTube

-Winter Shoveling

Fitness: Winter Outdoors-Shoveling w/HealthFitnessLifeGuy

https://www.instagram.com/p/BsBqJR7lIFr/

Sal: I decided to share some of my personal shoveling tips after watching some tips shared at the local news station..

Shoveling heavy snow strains body, heart
Author: Gordon Severson
Published: 5:54 PM CST December 27, 2018
Updated: 5:54 PM CST December 27, 2018 kare11.com
“..Recent studies have shown the higher the snow totals the greater the risk for heart attack and when the snow is wet and heavy like it is for many in the Twin Cities this week, there’s an even greater risk.

..

First, the act of shoveling requires a significant amount of work on your arms, which most Americans aren’t used to working out….

“Usually people are walking, running or biking, using their legs. It’s more rare for people to exercise with their arms and it puts a relatively high amount of work on a relatively weak set of muscles,” Dr. Bart says.


The chilly air in winter also plays a role. Doctors say it causes your blood to thicken and narrows the blood vessels in your heart.

..

“You should listen to your body and if you have unusual shortness of breath or a pressure or tightness in your chest you should back off and seek medical attention.”


Doctors say right when you wake up is the worst time to shovel snow, because your body hasn’t had time to adjust and prepare itself for strenuous activity.

Dr. Bart encourages patients to give their bodies at least 30 minutes to wake up and to eat breakfast before shoveling snow.

“If you have previous heart or lung problems you might want to think about asking a neighbor for help or having someone else shovel your snow.”

Sal:…cont…Before shoveling, I try to get some “energy”, so I treat shoveling as a workout. I do some stretching and warming-up (usually my regular morning routine of “sit-ups” and “push-ups” to get the blood flowing throughout the body). I then eat to get that “natural sugar” (see Health: Alternatives to “processed” sugar for your “sweet tooth”? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com) high (e.g. peanut butter jelly sandwhich or a fruit high in sugar). No matter how cold it is, I dress enough (light winter jacket) to not get sweaty as shoveling will warm me up. I do various phases . For example , yesterday, I shoveled the first priority area of my front yard sidewalk to get the mail person to deliver mail and clear the sidewalk to the street . Depending how much snow and weight, I would take a break. Yesterday afternoon, I took 1 hour and a half to shovel 9-12″ of snow in my front yard sidewalk and back. It was so much snow, I just did a width big enough just to walk through.

After my first phase, I treated it as a workout, so I had some “post-workout” (Health & Fitness: How to Gain “Healthy” Muscle Weight? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com) snacks (e.g. protein). This not only build your muscles, but also gives you more energy for more shoveling.

The second phase, I roof shoveled both my house and garage. With more possible snow coming in this early part of winter. I don’t want my roof to collapse due to “heavy snow”, so better to shovel it while it’s lite and fresh! I also did my driveway to my portable garage (from 6ish-7ish). I want to do this part just so I have a place to park my car “inside” with the up-coming cold temperatures.

It’s a “race against time” as the wet snow might freeze and get harder to shovel. Fortunately, this didn’t happen with this particular “snow fall”. After the 2nd phase, I went back inside my house to take a break (e.g. snack-fired apples with cinnamon in olive oil, cottage cheese , etc..).

The third phase,I shoveled the driveway to my main garage late in the evening (8ish-9ish ). It was actually pretty peaceful at night and I would take a break and admire the beautiful stars. It’s important to take breaks when it comes to shoveling this large amount of snow.

It was late and didn’t want to do more shoveling that’s not needed even though the snow might freeze and become harder the next day. I got dinner and ate a high (see Health: When is “too much” Protein in your diet “too much”? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com) protein meal (veggie burger). Before going to bed, I usually have a fish oil supplement, which is great to reduce inflammation (see Health: Tips to “fight” Inflammation goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com) or reduce any soreness after intense shoveling!

My last phase was this morning after my overnight (sleep shift) job. I went to do the “final touches” (e.g. widening the paths or clearing the whole sidewalk of my front and back yard.) I had enough energy to shovel even the grassy area in my front yard to dig-up my “solar string ” Christmas/holiday lights. 🙂 Again, I did my pre-workout (small peanut-butter and jelly “soft wrap” as a small breakfast- How to “naturally boost” your energy? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com) and post-workout snacks! This time, I had some protein pancakes after my last phase of shoveling as a treat! 🙂

Snow Shoveling Exercises

Shovel Snow Like an Athlete! By: Dr Caitlin Davidson yogathletix.com
“..1. Warm up first: Take 10 minutes to get blood pumping to your major muscle groups to prepare them for working in the cold, and to prepare your heart and blood vessels for the strenuous cardiovascular workout ahead. Jumping jacks, squats, spider-man lunges, push ups… imagine you’re warming up for GETnFIT. This is an incredibly important step because many people not only injure themselves, but even die of heart attacks while shoveling snow every year. Share this tip with snow shovelers in your life!..”

Snow Shovel Fitness: 1 2 3 Go! Squat Press + Throw the … – YouTube

Safe Snow Removal for Seniors: Find Help, or Follow Best-Practices Published: Feb 25, 2014 comfortkeepers.com
“..Snow shoveling

Even for those who exercise regularly, shoveling snow is rigorous, physical work. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, shoveling is considered an intense activity that raises one’s blood pressure and heart rate. Here are some tips for seniors – and others – for shoveling safely:

Dress appropriately. Wearing layers will allow for adjustment to the temperature outside. Be sure to dress warmly enough and cover the head, face and hands when outside for prolonged periods of time.
Pick the right waterproof boots. Protect feet from the cold and keep them dry with waterproof boots. Non-skid boots help guard against falls on slick snow or hidden ice.
Pick a small shovel. Depending on how wet the snow is – a shovel full of snow can weigh up to 15 pounds! Selecting a smaller shovel means lighter loads of snow, which can help prevent injury to the body by creating less strain.
Stay hydrated. Water plays an important role when people exercise in the summer or winter. Having a water bottle handy just inside the garage and taking a few sips after every 15 minutes of shoveling snow will help guard against dehydration.
Shovel frequently. If a big storm is forecasted, go outside and shovel every time the snowfall is about 2 inches. This will help lessen the load and make snow shoveling more manageable.
Set a time limit. Shoveling snow is a hard work, so take a break after 20 – 30 minutes of shoveling and resume after having rested.
Lift with the legs, not the back. The legs have very strong muscle groups so make sure the legs carry the brunt of the lifting. Bend and straighten the knees when shoveling and make sure the back is not bending.
Push the snow. It’s easier to push the shovel full of snow instead of lifting and throwing the snow.
Separate the hands on the shovel. Creating space between your hands can increase leverage on the shovel to make it easier.
Avoid caffeine and nicotine before shoveling. Caffeine and nicotine act as stimulants to our bodies by increasing the heart rate and constricting blood vessels, which puts more strain on the heart.
Never shovel alone. Let a spouse or neighbor know you will be shoveling. That way, if a person does get into trouble someone will be looking out and can call for help quickly.
..”

Homebody Workouts

5 Best Home Workout Tips (APPLY TO ALL HOME … – YouTube

Extreme At HOME Stairs Workout – YouTube

WallDrill – YouTube

-Simple Household Items

Creative Kitchen Pot Workout to Do at Home – YouTube

30 MIN Full Body Chair Workout w/KarinaEM- Total Body Creative …

-Warm ups

5-Minute Warm Up for At-Home Workouts – YouTube

Warm up for HOME workout! – YouTube

Perfect Warm Up before your workout – YouTube

-Balancing
*see Fitness: How “Balanced” are you?goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Balance Exercises – 10 Minute Home Workout to Improve … – YouTube

Home Vestibular Exercises – YouTube

Balance and stretching exercises from home – YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SVh_6L4KUYo
*see Fitness: Various kinds of Stretches goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

7 Balance Exercises for Seniors-Fall Prevention by … – YouTube

*see Fitness: Exercise tips for Seniors goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

-No Equipment

=>Ab Workouts
*see Fitness: Morning Routine-Different types of Sit-Ups-Crunches goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

10 Min Abs Workout — At Home Abdominal and Oblique … – YouTube

30 MINUTE CORE AT HOME WORKOUT – NO EQUIPMENT – YouTube

Home AB Workout – Effective Exercises & Routines – YouTube

=> Lower Body

Best HOME Leg Workout – NO Equipment Needed … – YouTube

=>Cardio

32 Minute Home Cardio Workout with No Equipment – Calorie – YouTube

10-Minute No-Equipment Home Workout, Full Body … – YouTube

-Equipment

=>Make it your own

How To Build A Pull Up Bar, (Outside) !! – YouTube

=>Standard Equipment

The 25 Best Home Workout Equipment of 2019 – Family Living Today familylivingtoday.com
“…One of the best things you can do for your body is to exercise with gym equipment. … To help you find the best home workout equipment, we’ve curated a list of 25 …. Plus, despite its numerous features, it folds for easy storage…”

Best 19 Small Exercise Equipment for Home By James November 19, 2018
fitbodybuzz.com

-Bench

No-Equipment Bench Workout–Quick & Easy At-Home … – YouTube

Simple Equipments

-Airex Pads

AIREX Fitline Exercise Mats – Entry Level Model for Daily Use – YouTube

-Bosu Balls

Full-body BOSU Ball Home Workout – YouTube

-Dumbbells
*see Fitness: Upper Body Workouts-Arms, Biceps, etc… goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Home Workout Routine – Top 8 Dumbbell Exercises – YouTube

12 Minute Home Full Body Workout Using Only Dumbbells … – YouTube

15 Min Full Body Dumbbell Workout at Home for Women … – YouTube

=>Alternatives

What to use instead of dumbbells in home workouts – tips – YouTube

-Medicine Balls

Medicine Ball Home Workout, Medicine Ball Ideas … – YouTube

Medicine Ball core exercise that you can do from home – YouTube

Medicine Ball Dance Workout -Keaira LaShae – YouTube

-Resistance Bands
*see Fitness: Various Resistance Training Exercises goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Home Workout using Resistance Bands – YouTube

-Stability Balls

Total Body Stability Ball & dumbbell Home Workout – YouTube

-Stepper

20 Minute Steps Workout Routine for Beginners – Stepper … – YouTube

How to Make Steps – YouTube

-Misc

Fitness at Home – Sandbag, Medicine Ball, or Dumbbell … – YouTube

How to Make your Own Home Gym

->Bedroom


How to Setup Awesome Home Gym in BEDROOM – YouTube

Lower Body Workouts

The Best Home Leg Workout Ever! No More Skinny Legs! – YouTube

45 Min Butt and Legs Workout for Women & Men – Home … – YouTube

Regular Workouts

Thoughts, suggestions, stories, etc..?

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“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

Good News Home
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Fitness: How “Balanced” are you?

Balance and Coordination and Fitness topendsports.com
“..There are two types of balance: static and dynamic. Static balance is maintaining equilibrium when stationary, while dynamic balance is maintaining equilibrium when moving. We use our eyes, ears and ‘body sense’ to help retain our balance. Coordination is a complex skill that requires not only good balance, but good levels of other fitness components such strength and agility. Balance and coordination can be improved through practice and training within specific sports…”

Fitness Test

Static

TFT Static Balance Test – YouTube

1. Romberg Test

Romberg Test physio-pedia.com
‘… is an appropriate tool to diagnose sensory ataxia, a gait disturbance caused by abnormal proprioception involving information about the location of the joints. It is also proven to be sensitive and accurate means of measuring the degree of disequilibrium caused by the central vertigo, peripheral vertigo and head trauma. [1] It has been used in clinic for 150 years [2] ..

Purpose

The Romberg test is used to demonstrate the effects of posterior column disease upon human upright postural control. Posterior column disease involves selective damaging of the posterior column, known as tabes dorsalis neurosyphilis. The Romberg test is used for the clinical assessment of patients with disequilibrium or ataxia from sensory and motor disorders. “

Sharpened Romberg – YouTube

Sharpened Romberg Test – YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FM7s7Sqc6NA
“Remedy Pain and Performance
Published on Mar 9, 2015
Great assessment to determine your balance as well as an easy drill to improve balance.

For more weekly tips visit our Facebook page:

Inability to do this (15 seconds eyes open), something wrong with ear or preceptive

Romberg Test
https://youtu.be/AHBlWW3pk3A
*close your eyes after having it open for first 30 seconds

2. Stork-Stand Balance Test

Stork Balance Stand Test topendsports.com
“..purpose: To assess the ability to balance on the ball of the foot…”

Stork Balance Stand Test – YouTube

3. McGill’s Torso Muscular Endurance Test Battery
*see Fitness: Morning Routine-Different types of Sit-Ups-Crunches goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

McGill’s Torso Muscular Endurance Test Battery Blog by:Akshita Piplani bfysportsnfitness Posted on November 24, 2016 bfyblogs.com
“..1)To evaluate balanced core strength and stability, it is important to assess all sides of the torso.

2)Poor endurance capacity of the torso muscles or an imbalance between these three muscle groups can contribute to low-back dysfunction and core instability…”

McGill’s Torso Test – YouTube

-Others

Testing Your Core: Part 4 graychiropractic.ca
“..In the table below you can review the normal ratios when comparing endurance scores between the Trunk Extensors, Trunk Flexors (abdominals), and Lateral Trunk Muscles…”
*trunk lateral endurance test (a.k.a. “side bridge test”)

Side Bridge Muscle Testing
by Kim Nunley healthyliving.azcentral.com

The 7 Stage Abdominal Strength Test – YouTube

Dynamic

Dynamic Balance Test: Can You Do It? – YouTube

Stability & Mobility Training

Static Balance

Training for Balance, Training for Life Christopher Gagliardi by Christopher Gagliardi
on March 28, 2013 acefitness.org
“..Center of Gravity (COG)

Line of Gravity (LOG)

Gravity acts on the body in a straight line through the COG toward the center of the earth. The line of gravity must fall within the base of support to maintain balance without moving.

Base of Support (BOS)

This is the area beneath the body that is encompassed when one continuous line connects all points of the body that are in contact of the ground…

Center of Gravity & Static Balance Tutorials – YouTube

Exercises to Improve Dynamic & Static Balance : Fitness … – YouTube

=>Single Leg

Balance – Dynamic Single-Leg Stand – YouTube

Balance – Blind Static Single Leg Stand (Advanced) – YouTube

Stability – Single Leg Balance Reach (Frontal) – YouTube

Stability – Single Leg Balance Reach (Multiplane) – YouTube

Single Leg Balance with Hip Flexion – YouTube

Single-leg balance + contralateral arm reach – YouTube

Increase balance and stability…DB Single-Leg/Reverse Curl – YouTube

Single Leg Balance + Hip Abduction | Chris Johnson PT – YouTube

Stability – Single Leg Balance on a Bosu (Static) – YouTube

Static Balance activities- 4-ways single leg stance – YouTube

Exercises

Dynamic

Dynamic Balance Workout – YouTube

Both

Balance Training Exercises

Exercises to Improve Dynamic & Static Balance : Fitness … – YouTube

Others

Fitness Tests thepegeek.com
‘Fitness Tests is the quick, easy handbook guide for PE teachers, sports coaches, personal trainers or anyone looking to measure their fitness.

The app allows for swift reference of over 30 fitness tests from aerobic capacity, through to flexibility. Upon selecting your test you will be provided with the aim, equipment, procedure and the norm standards so that you can easily and accurately complete the tests you desire.

***Procedures and norms for the following tests are included within the app

20m Shuttle Run, 12 Minute Run, 1.6km Run, Harvard Step Test, Queens Step Test
300/400/800m Run Tests, RAST tests
Handgrip Dynamometer, 1RM Bench Press, 1RM Leg Press
Timed Push-ups, Pull Up Test, Squats Test
Sit and Reach Test, Trunk Rotation Test, Shoulder Elevation Test
Waist Circumference, Body Mass Index, Waist-Hip Ratio
Vertical Jump Test, Standing Broad Jump
35m Sprint, 50m Sprint
Illinois Agility Test, T-Test
Stork Balance Test, Standing Balance Test
Alternate Hand Wall Test, Soft Drink Can Test
Ruler Drop Test
..”

*see Fitness: Physiology of Exercise goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Fullerton Advanced Balance

FAB Scale

Test Administration Instructions for the Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale us.humankinetics.com

Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) Scale sites.duke.edu
“…

To assess balance

Equipment: Stopwatch, pencil, yardstick, 6-inch high bench, tape, foam pads for standing, metronome.

PRACTICAL NOTE: The Short Form of the Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale includes only the 4 sections with asterisks. These tests are straightforward to administer and less time-intensive than performance of the complete battery.

10 sections:
•Stand with feet together and eyes closed
•Reach forward to retrieve an object (pencil) held at shoulder height with outstretched arm
•Turn 360 degrees in right and left directions
•Step up onto and over a 6-inch bench*
*more flexibility (see Fitness: Various kinds of Stretches goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com) exercises, lower body (*see hip, knee Medical: Knee Dislocation-Causes, treatment, healing, etc…? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com/ , ankle, etc.. Fitness: Lower Body Workout goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
)

•Tandem walk*
•Stand on one leg*
•Stand on foam with eyes closed*
•Two-footed jump for distance
*work on upper (see Fitness: Upper Body Workouts-Arms, Biceps, etc… goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com/) and lower (w/resistance bands Fitness: Various Resistance Training Exercises goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com/
•Walk with head turns
*work on vestibular, vision, and COG (see Health: Natural Healthy Ways to Improve Your Eye Sight? , goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com ),
•Reactive postural control
*work on posture (see Fitness: How to reverse common Abnormal Postures? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com) , COG, and lower body (hips and kneese- see down below) using resistance bands

[FAB Scale Administration Instructions]

[FAB Short Form Scoring Sheet]

[FAB Full Scale Scoring Sheet]

[FAB Scale Interpretation]…”

Standing-Feet Together Eyes Close (Balance

National Stroke Association
Published on Aug 21, 2015
This is a beginning balance exercise. Hold still for 30-60 seconds. Add difficulty by closing your eyes. Perform this exercise next to a counter or in a narrow hallway in case you must catch yourself from falling.
*need to work on Center of Gravity, somatosensory cues, and strengthening hips (see Fitness: Various Exercises for the Hip goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Multidirectional Reach Test
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_RU5m1BxdU
*fear of falling, lower body weakness (*see Fitness: Lower Body Workout goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
)

Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale

*includes: 360 degree turn, step over bench
-> dizziness (see Health: Natural Healthy Ways to Improve Your Eye Sight? , goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com ), poor lower body (*see Fitness: Lower Body Workout goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com )

Active Aging Tandem Walk Balance and Function … – YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q9ferfe-OMo
*work on COG (Center of Gravity), vision, and hips (see above)

Balance – Static Single-Leg Stand

*work on COG (Center of Gravity), vision, and hips (see above)

Fall Prevention Exercises (Balance Series) – Head Turn Walking …

*work on vision, and lower body(see above)

Anticipatory and Reactive Balance Testing- Mary Emminger, Carly Sno, Kelsey Lewis

Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) SCALE – YouTube

Berg Balance Scale

Berg Balance Test – YouTube

Berg Balance Scale – YouTube

Berg Balance Scale (Test): How to Do- Physical Therapy … – YouTube

Tinetti Assessment Tool: Gait – YouTube

Tinetti Balance Test – YouTube

TINETTI Assessment – YouTube

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“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

Fitness: Physiology of Exercise

Human Anatomy Systems

*see Medical: Human Anatomy Overall goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Exercise Physiology Basics nursinglink.monster.com
“..The changes that occur to the cardiovascular system during exercise all have a common function: they allow the body to meet the increasing needs demanded from an increased workload on the body. Many components of the cardiovascular system work in tandem with one another to achieve this goal. Like a fine tuned machine, the components of the cardiovascular system are orchestrated by local mechanisms, as well as by the neural and endocrine systems, to supply the increase in demand. The role of the nervous and endocrine systems will be discussed in a later topic. To better understand the contribution of every mechanism, we will need to take a quick look at each in greater detail. The following physiologic factors perform a unique contribution to the overall goal of homeostasis. These will include:..”

What Happens to your Heart when you Exercise – The Human Body – A User’s Guide
https://youtu.be/O8ttt3M8qZM
*see Medical: How the Heart Functions? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
& *see Fitness: Various Cardio Workouts goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Physiological Responses and Adaptations ptdirect.com
acute merriam-webster.com
“..characterized by sharpness or severity

acute pain

(2) :having a sudden onset, sharp rise, and short course

acute disease

(3) :being, providing, or requiring short-term medical care (as for serious illness or traumatic injury)

acute hospitals

an acute patient

b :lasting a short time

acute experiments

..
chronic merriam-webster.com
“..Definition of chronic
1 a :continuing or occurring again and again for a long time

chronic indigestion

chronic experiments

b :suffering from a chronic disease

the special needs of chronic patients

2 a :always present or encountered; especially :constantly vexing, weakening, or troubling

chronic petty warfare

chronic meddling in one another’s domestic affairs —Amatzia Baram

b :being such habitually

a chronic grumbler

..

*see Fitness: Kinesiology-Kinematic Exercise Types goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Sweating

Sweat Is Cool humankinetics.com
“..Sweating does for humans what panting does for dogs, but sweating does it better. Sweating is an effective way to stay safely cool in hot environments. That simple fact explains why humans are better than most animals at being physically active in the heat for prolonged periods. Animals that do not sweat cannot pant fast enough to keep up with the heat production of exercise. In humans, when body temperature increases slightly above normal resting temperature (98.6 ℉, or 37 ℃), the hypothalamus in the brain senses the increase in temperature and signals the sympathetic nervous system to dilate blood vessels in the skin and activate sweat glands. (See figure 10.3.)..”

Why do we sweat.mp4

The Science of Sweat By Tim Newcomb Dec 7, 2016 popularmechanics.com
From nerves to exercise, this is sweat’s cool factor.
“..When your body starts to heat up, whether it’s because of exercise, work, or outside temperature, your brain reacts by releasing sweat from the more than 2.5 million eccrine glands spread out across nearly all of your body, pouring liquid through pores to lower your body temperature. But when sweat simply drips off you and hits the floor, it can’t lower your body temperature. To reap the cooling effect of sweat, though, that salty liquid must evaporate off the skin and turn into a gas, says William Byrnes, a sweat expert at the University of Colorado…”

Sweat isn’t triggered by heart rate or movement, but by receptors in the hypothalamus area of the brain. Individuals living in hot and humid environments will adapt to the weather, just as people aerobically trained will sweat more and sooner. The body welcomes “adaptions that help us with heat regulation,” Byrnes explains.

Because the stink of sweat doesn’t come from the odorless, colorless liquid the body produces in an effort to cool the skin, but rather from contact with bacteria present on the body, we have to combat it from all angles. With this bacteria concentrated in the armpit, applying a powerful deodorant to that specific area, instead of rubbing it all over, proves the most effective way to combat B.O…”

-Hydration


*see Health: What’s the “best” quality drinking water? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Healthy Hydration American Council on Exercise by American Council on Exercise on January 29, 2009 acefitness.org
“..Hydration Hints
•Drink 17 to 20 ounces of water two hours before the start of exercise.
•Drink 7 to 10 ounces of fluid every 10 to 20 minutes during exercise.
•Drink 16 to 24 ounces of fluid for every pound of body weight lost after exercise.
..”

Exercise – Thermoregulation: HEAT TRANSFER FROM … – YouTube

Thermoregulation During Exercise

-Fitness Gear

SWEAT SPOTS: Exercise clothing TIPS for those who SWEAT a lot!

“Published on Oct 7, 2011

**HEY, SUBSCRIBE & RATE THIS!** Just a few tips on what I have found to work me (being that I am someone who sweats profusely during exercise), in terms of clothing material to purchase (stay away from 100% cotton, however nylon & spandex work great!).

Wicking fabric is a must, just be sure to check the labels of the workout gear you’re thinking of purchasing. Just because it is sold as fitness gear, does not mean that it will provide the wicking effect you need if you tend to sweat a lot!
If you have a brand you recommend, please do share!”

*see Tips for Energy during “Hot” Summer Activities goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

10 Fitness Fabrics, Explained Karla Bruning shape.com
Your workout clothes do more than make you look good: wearing the right material can also increase the efficiency of your sweat sesh
“…Bamboo pulp yields a natural fabric that’s light, breathable, and moisture-wicking—it also protects your skin from ultraviolet rays. “It feels insanely soft, repels odors, regulates your temperature, and is UPF 50+,” says Tasc Performance designer, Sarah Chase. Tasc Performance and other brands blend chemical-free bamboo with organic cotton, wool, and spandex to make workout clothes l..

…A recent Belgian study found that it gives off less post-workout stench than polyester because synthetic fabrics allow stink-causing bacteria to thrive. But don’t head to spin class in a cotton tee just yet. Cotton absorbs moisture, potentially making you feel like a dishrag during a hard-charging workout. Still, for yoga, weight training, or other low-sweat activities, go with clothes made from cotton blends”..

Famously used to make women’s stockings, the synthetic fabric is soft as silk, mildew resistant, and dries quickly. It’s also breathable and wicks sweat from your skin to the fabric’s surface, where it can evaporate.You’ll find nylon in all kinds of sportswear, ..

Polyester’s main drawback: the stink factor. Synthetic material can foster bacteria growth, and it also doesn’t dry quite as quickly as polypropylene or nylon….

But unlike polyester, this synthetic material is totally water-resistant, says Lauren Hallworth, product line manager for Brooks Running apparel. “Even if you’re sweaty after a run and the outside of the shirt is wet, what’s touching you is completely dry,” says Hallworth. “It’s great as a base layer.” Polypropylene forces moisture to pass through its fibers, expelling it to the fabric’s surface where it can evaporate. ..

=>Cold Weather

WOMEN:
The Best Cold-Weather Workout Gear By Caitlin Carlson December 2, 2015 womenshealthmag.com
The perfectly crisp fall days are almost behind us. Gear up for outdoor winter workouts with these 10 essentials
“..
Adidas Techfit ClimaWarm+ Tights

The fabric of these tights is woven just tightly enough to block cold air while still allowing sweat to escape. Mesh vents behind the knees are a sign that these budget-friendly tights are on par with premium options…

Moving Comfort Sprint Insulated Vest

Keeping your core warm is key to regulating your body temperature in cold conditions. This quilted vest does just that—without restricting your movement. The side panels are made of a lightweight material so you don’t feel like the Michelin Man…”

MEN:
10 Winter Running Essentials by Jeff Laboon mensfitness.com
All the running gear to keep you warm and dry on your winter runs—”Baby, it’s cold outside,” won’t stand as an excuse not to go.

‘…
Mid Layer

The Adidas Sequencials Half-Zip Long Sleeve Tee doesn’t just offer a mock turtleneck to protect your neck and trap body heat from escaping. Made with a spandex-type blend, its material allows for full range of motion while also keeping you cool and dry between your base and jacket. What’s more: The zipper and mesh side panels allow for extra ventilation without sacrificing body heat. Get it in grey or “infrared,” an orangish color that will shine bright on the darkest of runs. ($60, adidas.com)
..”

Leggings

Though they may not leave much to the imagination, a pair of tights must be in your running wardrobe. Period. Because just like the upper body, you want a compression layer touching the skin that can easily wick away sweat. Under Armour’s ColdGear Action Leggings are a modest set of tights made from nylon, polyester, and elastane, and paired with some synthetic underwear, they’ll keep you cool and dry. Trust us, if there’s one part of the body you want to keep comfortable on a freezing run, it’s your, lower body. Your girlfriend/wife will thank you. ($50, underarmour.com)

Wool Socks

Running in the right sock (or wrong sock) can make all the difference in your winter workout. You want a moisture-wicking sock that’s thick and warm enough to prevent frostbitten toes, but that isn’t too bulky to cram into your shoe. The Smartwool PhD Toe Sock Mini controls the temperature in your feet and blocks the bacteria that make them reek. Its individual toes are intended to prevent blisters, and even though they’re partially made of merino wool, these socks won’t itch—promise. They cover the balls of your feet to ensure there isn’t a slit …”
Suggested Online Shopping Sites:
Steep & Cheap.comsteepandcheap.com

Shoes

Are You Wearing the Right Shoes For Your Workout? by Amber Long on October 27, 2015 acefitness.org
“..If you participate in a specific sport or activity more than two times per week, the American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) recommends wearing a sport-specific shoe. This means you might need different shoes for different activities. Here are some recommendations on shoes for popular fitness modes…

For those who do not log miles, replace shoes every six months if you work out most days, or every year if you exercise a couple of times per week. You can extend the life of your fitness shoes by using them only when you exercise. Purchase a casual pair of sneakers to jet around town. This will prevent wear and tear from standing or walking and allow you to look forward to lacing up for exercise.”

Proper Fit Explained: You Don’t Have a Shoe Size; You Have a Foot Size 12 November 2011 naturalrunningcenter.com
“..A proper fit accounts for the natural expansion of the foot upon ground contact. Excess waste is eliminated, along with everything that inhibits your foot’s natural motion. So your foot is free to move and work the way nature intended it to; the way of its own barefoot motion. Call it toe wiggle freedom.

Yet, with sizing, most get it wrong

First, abandon the notion that you have a shoe size. Instead you have a foot size. Shoes are made all over the world and apply different shapes and standards. If you measure your foot seated with a traditional measuring device like a Brannock Device and base your size on that you will likely be off by 1-2 sizes when applied to a running or hiking shoe. One shoe size is only 1/3 an inch.

Here’s why most sizes are too small:

When a load is applied to a foot by running or with a pack weight your foot will spread in length by up to half an inch

You need at least an 1/8 inch or more space on heel and toe for any sock.

You want 1/3 to 1/2 an inch in front of your big toe to allow room for loading and splay

Your foot will splay 15 percent in width under load.

Your foot is widest at the toes and unfortunately most shoes are not shaped this way.

Tips on sizing.

At Two Rivers Treads, we never had a customer return shoes because they too were too big.

Do not assume you are the same size as a previous shoe.

Take your time and try several shoes on, preferably at the end of the day. Go run in them. Do not try them on sitting…”

How to Find Your Proper Shoe Size – YouTube

8 Winter Cycling Shoes For Seriously Cold Weather By Katelyn Miller on January 12, 2016 bicycletouringpro.com

“..Northwave Fahrenheit Winter Cycling Shoes

For a road bike shoe that keeps feet warm in temperatures down around freezing the Northwave Fahrenheit is a sleek, reliable option. The GTX stands for Gore-tex, a waterproof lining that protects from wind and moisture. The shoe is designed with a speed lace system with additional hook-and-loop closure that adds even more protection from the elements.

northwave artic black winter cycling shoes..”

Shoe Lengths for U.S. & European Shoe Sizes with Sizing Chart healthyfeetstore.com
*see Fitness: Benefits of Biking? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

=>Wind Gear

GORE-TEX® and WINDSTOPPER®: What’s the difference? inspiration.goreapparel.com
A Study Program for curious minds and serious athletes
“..Here’s a new term to learn: expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE). The GORE-TEX® membrane found in both GORE-TEX® and WINDSTOPPER® is an extremely thin layer of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE). It has over 9 billion pores per square inch–these pores give the GORE-TEX® fabric its amazing characteristics.

What are those characteristics? To sum it up short and sweet: WINDSTOPPER® products are windproof, breathable and WATER RESISTANT, while GORE-TEX® products are windproof, breathable and WATERPROOF. As you can see, the real difference lies in the waterproofness.

As a visual aid, take look at these jackets from our GORE BIKE WEAR® ELEMENT collection to learn more about the characteristics of GORE-TEX® and WINDSTOPPER®:..”

7 Best Waterproof Socks To Keep Your Toes Toasty & Dry — PHOTOS .bustle.com
Dexshell Hytherm Pro Waterproof Socks (Small) walmart.com

-Bad Odor

Foods that make your sweat smell bodyandsoul.com.au
“..
Humans have two types of sweat glands – eccrine glands and apocrine glands.

Eccrine glands control body temperature and are concentrated on our foreheads, underarms, soles and palms. They release sweat with little odour, mostly composed of water, salt and other trace minerals such as calcium and potassium.

Apocrine glands are found mostly around the armpits, lower abdomen and genitals. Their purpose is to excrete wastes (mostly fats and proteins) from the body. Although this sweat also has little odour itself, bacteria on the skin feed on it and produce malodorous waste products such as androstenes and isovaleric acid. The process takes about 20 minutes.

Studies show that women find fresh male sweat reasonably pleasant, but the chemical compounds that result from its breakdown highly unpleasant…”

5 Foods That Can Increase Your Body Odor By Gina Roberts-GreyMoney & Security WriterAugust 12, 2013 nextavenue.org

Broccoli, red meat, junk food and low-carb diets can increase BO. Here’s how you can avoid putting up a stink…

.

7 Foods That Fight Odors Jessica Girdwain Sep 16, 2011 womansday.com
Banish bad breath, offensive body odor and stinky feet the natural way

‘..For Offensive Body Odor:

Citrus Fruits
..”

Stress

The General Adaptation Syndrome: Applications for Sports Training sports-training-adviser.com
“..In the 1930s, Hans Selye first described the General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) as the predictable way in which the body restores itself to balance, or homeostasis, in response to stress. … Around the same time exercise physiologists began exploring adaptations taking place due to different forms of training stresses…

The General Adaptation Syndrome has three distinct stages:

The Alarm Stage, or alarm reaction stage, is the initial response when stress is first recognized. This fight or flight response is a very quick hormonal response that served to help animals survive in the face of danger since ancient times.

We might respond to narrowly missing a serious car accident in the same way. Our bodies immediately release hormones, including cortisol, adrenaline and noradrenaline to provide instant energy. Adrenaline immediately raises the blood pressure and heart rate. When the stress is removed, the body returns to normal state of homeostasis.

The Resistance Stage, or adaptation stage, occurs if the stress continues or recurs for a period of time. In this stage, the body makes adjustments in its structures or enzyme levels to give it added protection against this specific type of stress. Rest must occur in order for recovery and rebuilding to take place.

The type of training the athlete performs determines the type of protein synthesized during recovery. This is the reason for “specificity” of the adaptive response to training. A speed training session will mobilize the energy, building projects and immune responses in the cells and tissues involved in producing speed. The stimulation of these reserves during a speed training session will dictate the type of structural changes during recovery to make the cell stronger for the next speed training session.

Mobilization of the immune system strengthens the defense capacity of the body and stimulates the repair process by dismantling and rebuilding damaged cells. The immune system plays a critical role in the outcome of the response to training.

The Exhaustion Stage occurs when long-term stress is not removed. At this point the athlete becomes fatigued and irritable. The body runs out of reserve energy and stress takes its toll on the athlete’s mental, physical, and emotional abilities. When excessive long-term stress persists, as in the case of overtraining, the athlete is unable to function and is forced to take time for recovery….”

general adaptation syndrome model

*see Medical: Endocrine System goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Fuel Sources
*see Health: Nutrition-Foods to Know About goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

The Body’s Fuel Sources humankinetics.com
This is an excerpt from Endurance Sports Nutrition, Third Edition by Suzanne Girard Eberle.

The Body’s Fuel Sources

This is an excerpt from Endurance Sports Nutrition, Third Edition by Suzanne Girard Eberle.

The Body’s Fuel Sources

Our ability to run, bicycle, ski, swim, and row hinges on the capacity of the body to extract energy from ingested food. As potential fuel sources, the carbohydrate, fat, and protein in the foods that you eat follow different metabolic paths in the body, but they all ultimately yield water, carbon dioxide, and a chemical energy called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Think of ATP molecules as high-energy compounds or batteries that store energy. Anytime you need energy—to breathe, to tie your shoes, or to cycle 100 miles (160 km)—your body uses ATP molecules. ATP, in fact, is the only molecule able to provide energy to muscle fibers to power muscle contractions. Creatine phosphate (CP), like ATP, is also stored in small amounts within cells. It’s another high-energy compound that can be rapidly mobilized to help fuel short, explosive efforts. To sustain physical activity, however, cells must constantly replenish both CP and ATP.

Our daily food choices resupply the potential energy, or fuel, that the body requires to continue to function normally. This energy takes three forms: carbohydrate, fat, and protein. (See table 2.1, Estimated Energy Stores in Humans.) The body can store some of these fuels in a form that offers muscles an immediate source of energy. Carbohydrates, such as sugar and starch, for example, are readily broken down into glucose, the body’s principal energy source. Glucose can be used immediately as fuel, or can be sent to the liver and muscles and stored as glycogen. During exercise, muscle glycogen is converted back into glucose, which only the muscle fibers can use as fuel. The liver converts its glycogen back into glucose, too; however, it’s released directly into the bloodstream to maintain your blood sugar (blood glucose) level. During exercise, your muscles pick up some of this glucose and use it in addition to their own private glycogen stores. Blood glucose also serves as the most significant source of energy for the brain, both at rest and during exercise. The body constantly uses and replenishes its glycogen stores. The carbohydrate content of your diet and the type and amount of training that you undertake influence the size of your glycogen stores…”

Nutrition Notes: Fuel Sources for Exercise – YouTube

FLUIDS DURING EXERCISE

What to Drink During Your Workout – YouTube

How Much Water Do You Really Need? Mauro Di Pasquale July 06, 2017 • 2 min read bodybuilding.com
“..So How Much Water Should You Drink

My recommendation is to drink when you’re thirsty, and if you think you should be drinking more, don’t overdo it. As far as drinking water in and around exercise, I’ve outlined a few simple guidelines that will make sure you’re well hydrated without hitting any extremes.

Within an hour or so of training, drink a few glasses of water so you start well hydrated. While training you can drink a glass or so of water for every 15 minutes you train, especially if you’re sweating it out.

However, even during times of heavy sweating don’t take in more than a quart and half of water per hour. As far as how much your daily intake of water should be, The American College of Sports Medicine that 12 quarts is the maximum amount to drink in a 24-hour period…”

Should You Drink Water During A Work Out? – YouTube

Should you drink water while training

*hydrate before

DONT DRINK H20

How much water should you drink during a workout? By Cosmopolitan Apr 9, 2014 cosmopolitan.com

‘..Exercise under 30 minutes
No need to drink whilst exercising (unless it’s very warm), but re-hydrate with water afterwards.

Exercise from 30-60 minutes
As above, then re-hydrate post-training with a drink containing both water and CHO.

Exercise 1-3 hours
Take a sports drink with you which combines water and CHO. Sip regularly throughout the session – aim for 30-60g CHO per hour. Continue to use the same drink post-training.

Exercise 3hrs +
Choose a sports drink which combines water, CHO and some sodium/salts. Sip regularly, taking on 30-60g CHO per hour and continue to drink post-training.

Check your hydration levels
There are two effective ways to check hydration levels when exercising.

Weigh yourself both pre and post a session to see how much weight has reduced. A 1kg weight loss equates to around 1 litre of fluid and you should aim to restore levels to your original weight post-training. And check your urine colour: the darker it is, the more dehydrated you are (although if you are taking single nutrient supplements these can affect urine colour eg B vitamins can turn urine fluorescent yellow)…”

DON’T Drink Water When Working Out & Eat MORE Fat
https://youtu.be/8tp99oeGwi0
“.. Pain 78
Pain 78
3 months ago
Vince advocated not drinking water for reducing only. If you followed his maximum definition then you would be hydrated before the workout and not drink during. He did advocate drinking water when trying to add weight and bulk up so-to-speak. People take quotes from Vince and run with them without ever knowing what he really said. ..”

This is what drinking too much water during exercise does to your body By Ariana Eunjung Cha July 1, 2015 washingtonpost.com
“… telling people to stop drinking in excess during physical activity. Practically speaking, that means you should only drink when you’re thirsty…

At least 14 athletes — including a woman who died two days after completing the Marine Corps Marathon in 2002 — are believed to have died from drinking too much during exercise in a condition known as exercise-associated hyponatremia or EAH…”

Endocrine

*see Medical: Endocrine System goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Anabolic vs Catabolic Metabolism – YouTube

General Training Principles

ACE Integrated Fitness Training (IFT) Model for Functional Movement and Resistance Training: Phases 3 and 4 BY PETE McCALL, M.S. acefitness.org
“..The first two articles in this series provided an overview of the ACE IFT Model and examined the key concepts of Phases 1 and 2: Stability and Mobility, and Movement Training. The second article also introduced a template provided within the ACE IFT Model that progresses individuals in preparation for more traditional load and performance training, which are the focus of Phases 3 and 4. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of Phases 3 and 4, which address the application of external loads to movements to meet client goals related to muscular strength, endurance and hypertrophy, maximal strength and body-composition changes, and, if appropriate, competitive or performance-oriented goals…”

ACE Integrated Fitness Training Model – YouTube

Training Movements, Not Muscles Pete McCall by Pete McCall on November 14, 2013 acefitness.org
“..Focusing on just one body part at a time would be an effective way to exercise if that was how the human body was designed to function. Human movement, however, is not a series of isolated joint actions. If you have ever watched the process of a baby learning how to roll over, crawl and eventually walk, then you have seen everything you need to know about human movement. The human body is designed to be in constant motion with all joints and muscles working together to walk and move in an upright position.

Walking, or the gait cycle, is a series of coordinated movements. The foundational patterns that comprise the gait cycle are:

1. Squatting (when both feet are on the ground) [e.g. sitting down in a chair]
2. Lunging (as one leg is planted and the other leg is swinging) [e.g. picking up something off the floor]
3. Pushing (as one arm swings forward) [ eg. pushing a heavy door]
4. Pulling (as the other arm swings backwards) [eg. opening a car door or picking up a child]
5. Rotating (when the trunk and pelvis counter rotate during leg and arm movement). [e.g. picking up something from left side at the dinner table with right hand and passing it to someone to your right)

Following a movement-based exercise program based on these patterns means that you are using all of your muscles at the same time, which can be more effective for burning calories while also training the body for how it is designed to move…”

5 Essential Primal Movements for Your Workout Program
https://youtu.be/VexzP8X2MI4
“..At the most basic level, our primary goal within a workout program should be functionality. Utilizing exercises in your workout that promote human movement will enhance your performance levels in your daily life. Every movement our bodies perform originates from some category of human biomechanics. Those categories are: SQUAT, LUNGE, PUSH, PULL and ROTATION. It is important to understand how to integrate the entire body and properly perform these basic foundational movements. Using these 5 essential primal movements will improve gait patterns, enhance human performance and decrease any likelihood of pain and injuries…”

=> Dynamic Warm-ups:

Movement Pattern Warm-Up: RDL, Lunge, Rotation – YouTube

SQUAT

Dynamic Warm Up – Body Weight Squat – YouTube

REVERSE WOOd Chop

Reverse Woodchop – YouTube

LATERAL LUNGE

Active Warmup-Lateral Lunge – YouTube

FORWARD LUNGE

Forward lunge with rotation (dynamic warm-up) – YouTube

ONE ARM OVERHEAD SQUAT

One Arm Overhead Squat Technique | WODdoc | P365 … – YouTube

One Arm Overhead Squat – Dumbbell – YouTube

The Single-Dumbbell Overhead Squat – YouTube

STATIC LUNGE WITH ROTATION

Stationary Lunge With Rotation – YouTube

Static Lunges With Kettlebell Rotation – YouTube

Static Lunge w Band Rotation – YouTube

Medicine Ball Stationary Lunge with Rotation – YouTube

ONE ARM OVERHEAD SPIRAL

One Arm Overhead Squat Technique | WODdoc | P365 … – YouTube

Single Arm Kettle Bell Overhead Squat – YouTube

-Gradual Progressions


SQUATS

bent (w/chair) but not touching-> sit down squats (w/chair) & touching -> sit down squats (wo/chair)

Bend and Lift – YouTube


LUNGES


hold chair lunging forward-> lunging back & forward (still holding to chair on side) -> lunging multi-directions (wo/chair)

Chair, lunge – YouTube

Multi-Directional Plate Lunges – YouTube

PUSHING

Standing Banded Clocks – YouTube

Wall Push Ups For Beginners | How To – YouTube

-Resistance Bands

*single arms -> both arms

Surf Exercises- Single Arm Band Push Pull – YouTube

PULLING


one arm => both hands w/reistance bands

Single Arm Band Row – YouTube
<p

Standing resistance band pull – YouTube

ROTATION

Sitting Trunk Rotations with Active Assistive Range of … – YouTube

Power & Agility Drills

Exercises For Older Adults That Develop Strength Speed and Power …

Seniors Fitness & Strength Training Workout – YouTube

7 Strength, Balance, and Flexibility Exercises for Older Adults from …

Senior Agility Training exercises – YouTube

SQUATS

Squat Jumps – YouTube

Seniors Perform Wall Squats – YouTube

The Squat – Training the Elderly – YouTube

LUnGES

Exercises with Dumbbells : Multidirectional & Rotational Lunge …

3 Directional Lunges – YouTube

ROTATIONAL
*see Health & Fitness: How to get more “energy” for the Elderly? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Balance Disc Exercise with Cone Touch – YouTube

31 Cone Drills and Cone Drill Exercises – YouTube

Exercises for seniors to improve balance and prevent falls – YouTube

Lateral Shuffle w/BOSU Medicine Ball Rebounder – YouTube

7 Balance Exercises for Seniors-Fall Prevention by … – YouTube

Strength: Lateral Bounding – YouTube

Line Hop Forward Backward – YouTube

Forward Linear Ladder Drill – YouTube

Ladder drills, In-in, out-out forward – YouTube

58 year old lady doing in’s and out’s rockin the agility ladder. – YouTube

Ladder Drills – Bunny Hop – YouTube

Lateral In & Outs Speed Ladder Drills – YouTube

ACE IFT Model for Cardiorespiratory Training: Phases 1–4 BY TODD GALATI, M.A. acefitness.org
“..The following article introduces a new systematic approach to cardiorespiratory training that can be used to help any client reach his or her unique goals for health, fitness or performance in endurance competitions.

The ACE IFT Model has four cardiorespiratory training phases:

• Phase 1: Aerobic-base training

• Phase 2: Aerobic-efficiency training

• Phase 3: Anaerobic-endurance training

• Phase 4: Anaerobic-power training

Each phase has a primary training focus designed to facilitate specific physiological adaptations to exercise. Not every client starts in phase 1, as each client has a unique entry point into the cardiorespiratory training phases based upon his or her current health, fitness and goals…”
*see Fitness: Various Cardio Workouts goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

High Reps vs. Low Reps: Which is Better? By Marc Perry / July 6, 2017 / Medically Reviewed builtlean.com
“..Low repetitions with heavy weight increases strength, whereas high repetitions with light weight increases endurance. According to the concept, as repetitions increase there is a gradual transition from strength to endurance. ..

Primary Goal – Increasing Strength

Strength – Under 6 reps (80-100% of exercise volume)

Hypertrophy – 6-15 reps (0-20% of exercise volume)

Endurance – 15+ reps (0-10% of exercise volume)

The top strength athletes in the world spend the vast majority of their time lifting very heavy weight for low reps. While we know higher rep ranges can also create strength gains, lower reps are optimal…

Medical Issues

-Medications
*see Medical: How the Heart Functions? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Cardiovascular Medication and Your Client by Trish Muse, MPT, CSCS on May 01, 2006 ideafit.com
“…A client may have more than one condition, disorder or disease and could be taking more than one medication concurrently. This circumstance, known as polypharmacy, may intensify or alter physiological responses. Therefore, you may need to make further exercise modifications. Be aware that this situation may arise, particularly among older clients.

The Medications

ACE Inhibitors

Beta-Blockers

Calcium Channel Blockers

Diuretics

Digitalis Preparations

….

Nitrates

..

Cholesterol Reducers

….

Antidysrhythmics

….

Vasodilators

Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
….

Anticoagulants

….

Be Prepared

Fitness professionals have an ethical responsibility, obligation and commitment to do no harm and to provide safe programming for all exercise enthusiasts. Maintaining a solid education foundation and being able to identify cardiovascular medications are important. Become familiar with the basic characteristics of each drug class as it pertains to fitness, and know the potential side effects. Be able to anticipate these effects, and be ready to intervene with modifications. Always refer to the client’s physician when appropriate. One variable truly cannot be independent of another without the client being at risk. Understanding this fully is imperative if you are to work safely and responsibly with the increasing number of fitness enthusiasts and the many new exercisers just starting their journey to physical activity and wellness.

Cardiovascular Medications and Exercise Modifications

Be aware of these guidelines when working with clients on cardiovascular medications. Always obtain a physician’s clearance when necessary.

Potential Target Heart Rate

Cardiovascular Drug Potential Exercise Modification (THR) Adjustment ..”

How Common Medications May Affect Your Clients’ Exercise Programs By Lance C. Dalleck, Ph.D. acefitness.org
Prevalence of Prescribed Therapeutic Drugs


Current trends show that Americans are living longer, while the number of individuals living with chronic diseases continues to increase. In the past 100 years, life expectancy at birth in the U.S. increased from less than 50 years to more than 76 years. The U.S. Census Bureau has projected that by 2030, the number of adults 65 years of age and older will be approximately 70 million. Approximately 80 percent of individuals aged 65 years or older are living with at least one chronic health problem, and another 50 percent are living with two. Management of these chronic conditions involves numerous strategies including both lifestyle interventions (e.g., increased exercise and healthy eating) and the prescription of therapeutic drugs. Not surprisingly, the percentage of American adults taking medications for common chronic conditions (e.g., high cholesterol and/or hypertension) increases with age (Figure 1)….

1. BETA BLOCKERS

2. ACE INHIBITORS

3. DIURETICS

….Modifications Required in the Exercise Program

Encourage your clients taking diuretics to unfailingly perform a gradual cool-down after all exercise sessions. It’s also a good idea to suggest your clients perform a daily weight check to ensure that the prescribed dosage of diuretic is continuing to have the desired effect (i.e., increased urine excretion-lowered plasma volume-reduced blood pressure). A sudden change in weight of a few pounds can help alert clients that something may be amiss and that they should get in touch with their physician.”

4. STATINS

5. ORAL HYPOGLYCEMICS

…Modifications Required in the Exercise Program

The most important program modification for clients taking oral hypoglycemics is frequent monitoring of blood glucose values. Initially, this should include checking levels pre-exercise, at the mid-point of exercise and post-exercise. Once it has been established how much blood glucose values typically drop for a usual exercise session, and provided these changes in glucose levels are within an acceptable range, less-frequent monitoring will be required. It should be noted that it is not your responsibility to check blood glucose values. Rather, the client should bring his or her own glucometer and glucose strips, which are prescribed by a physician or endocrinologist….”

Sports Training Principles sports-training-adviser.com
“..The commonly known training principles (Specificity, Overload, and Recovery) are heavily grounded in exercise physiology–the study of the effects of exercise on the human body. However, other sport sciences also support these principles.

For example, the Specificity Principle concerns how the athlete’s body adapts to the stress placed on it. Specificity also applies to practice conditions and the environment in motor learning literature.

Regardless of the fields in which they are studied, it is most important for coaches to understand how to effectively apply them in practice and competition.

While it is important to know how to use these principles, skill learning, movement mechanics, and other areas aspects of sports performance must be integrated into the programs of athletes at their respective levels of competition. ..”

Training Strategies – Principles of Training

Reversing Reversibility: How to Help Clients Get Back on Track By Daniel J. Green acefitness.org

A SMART Guide to Goal Setting on November 01, 2013 acefitness.org
American Council on Exercise by American Council on Exercise
“..Follow these guidelines to setting SMART goals and you will be surprised at what you can do:

Specific. Your goal should be clear and easy to understand.
A common goal, “get healthy,” is too general. There are so many ways to get healthy. How do you want to do it? Is it losing weight? Start exercising? Stop smoking? Break it down and it will be easier to manage.
Let’s pick weight loss and make a SMART goal out of it together. For example, “I will lose weight.”

Measurable. A goal to “lose weight” is not enough. How will you track your progress and how you will know when you have reached your goal? Making your goal measurable means adding a number.

Attainable. Before you can add a number, you have to know how high or low you want to go. It’s good to ‘shoot for the stars’, but don’t be too extreme. Likewise, a goal that is too easy is also not very motivating. Only you know your limits.
Let’s take our goal above. What percentage is attainable for you? Research suggests that a 5-10% weight loss is attainable for most overweight people.

A measurable, attainable goal could be, “I will lose 7% of my body weight.”

Relevant. Set goals that are important to where you are in your life right now. Don’t set a goal that someone else is pressuring you to attain-that isn’t very motivating.
Examine our goal so far. Does it seem relevant to you? If so, let’s keep going. If you are not concerned about weight loss or this is not a good time in your life to focus on that, choose something that IS motivating to you.

Time-bound. Include an end-point. Knowing that you have a deadline motivates you to get started.
Since healthy weight loss is about 1-2 pounds per week, set your deadline accordingly. For our example we can use 3 months. “I will lose 7% of my body weight in 3 months.”
..”

Low Impact Exercises

UPPER BODY

-Back

20 Min Lower Back Rehab – Lower Back Stretches for … – YouTube

Beginners Back Exercises for Strengthening your Back … – YouTube

LOWER BODY

-Hip

Hip Pain/Arthritis: 5 Exercises to Help Your Pain. – YouTube

-Knees

Best Knee Rehab Exercises and Bends for Injury Recovery – YouTube

ACL Strengthening Exercises | ACL and Knee Conditioning … – YouTube

-Foot

Foot and Ankle Strengthening Exercises. Rehabilitation … – YouTube

MISC

Seated Workout for Disabled, Injured, Rehab, or Amputee … – YouTube

Assessments

Working with Special Populations Makeba Edwards by Makeba Edwards on April 04, 2017 acefitness.org
“..As a Fitness Professional, you will encounter clients who require special consideration when designing their programs. Whether it is a health concern, such as cardiovascular disease, or a special need, such as pregnancy, you should identify and address these conditions prior to conducting assessments and designing your clients’ programs. Furthermore, it will often be vital to ensure that your client has been cleared by his or her physician to engage in physical activity…

SOAP notes


Taking SOAP Notes by Daniel Ball, MS and Brian Murphy on Apr 01, 2008 ideafit.com
“..How can you as a personal trainer communicate with a team of trainers working with the same client, maintain continuity of care with allied medical professionals and accurately manage and document client progress? Discover a documentation process called SOAP noting (Subjective, Objective, Assessment and Plan) and learn the basics about modifying it for the fitness industry. ..

Subjective. In the “Subjective” section, include client responses to your questions regarding exercise adherence, changes in functional abilities, health status and follow-up activities….

Objective. In the “Objective” section, note new data collected during the training session. …

Assessment. In the “Assessment” section, document noteworthy changes you see in the client’s performance….

Plan. After you have gathered the subjective, objective and assessment information, briefly outline revisions or adjustments to the exercise program design in the “Plan” section. …

Practical Application of Functional Assessments: Movement Assessments Jessie Newell by Jessie Newell on August 07, 2015 acefitness.org

Look out for possible medical issues..

ACSM Indications For Termination of an Exercise Test exrx.net
“…Absolute Indications

Suspicion of a myocardial infarction or acute myocardial infarction (heart attack)
Onset of moderate-to-severe angina (chest pain)
Drop in systolic blood pressure (SBP) below standing resting pressure or drop in SBP with increasing workload accompanied by signs or symptoms
Signs of poor perfusion (circulation or blood flow), including pallor (pale appearance to the skin), cyanosis (bluish discoloration), or cold and clammy skin
Severe or unusual shortness of breath
CNS (central nervous system) symptoms
e.g., ataxia (failure of muscular coordination), vertigo (An illusion of dizzying movement), visual or gait (pattern of walking or running) problems, confusion
Serious arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
e.g.: second / third degree AV block, atrial fibrillation with fast ventricular response, increasing premature ventricular contractions or sustained ventricular tachycardia)
Technical inability to monitor the ECG
Patient’s request (to stop) ..

Relative Indications


Hypertensive response (SBP >260 mm Hg; DBP>115 mm Hg)…

Cyanosis patient.info
“… is the abnormal blue discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes, caused by an increase in the deoxygenated haemoglobin level to above 5 g/dL. Patients with anaemia do not develop cyanosis until the oxygen saturation (SaO2) has fallen to lower levels than for patients with normal haemoglobin levels and patients with polycythaemia develop cyanosis at higher oxygen saturation levels. Cyanosis can be divided into either central or peripheral…”
Claudication medicinenet.com
‘..is pain and/or cramping in the lower leg due to inadequate blood flow to the muscles. The pain usually causes the person to limp. The word “claudication” comes from the Latin “claudicare” meaning to limp. Claudication typically is felt while walking, and subsides with rest. It is commonly referred to as “intermittent” claudication because it comes and goes with exertion and rest. In severe claudication, the pain is also felt at rest…”
Syncope (Fainting) .heart.org
“..is a temporary loss of consciousness usually related to insufficient blood flow to the brain. It’s also called fainting or “passing out.”..”

Applying Risk Classification as a Fitness Professional
Christopher Gagliardi by Christopher Gagliardi
on May 10, 2017 acefitness.org
“…Risk classification is determined based on the presence or absence of a known cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, or metabolic disease or the presence or absence of symptoms of these diseases (see “Signs and Symptoms” below). ..

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk Stratification Criteria:

For each positive risk factor, add a +1.

For HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) there is an opportunity to take away a risk (-1) if the level is high (≥60 mg/dL).

Client Age: Male ≥45, Female ≥ 55
Family History: Myocardial infarction (heart attack), coronary revascularization (bypass surgery), or sudden death for the client’s male first-degree relative who is younger than 55 years old or female first-degree relative who is younger than 65 years old; first-degree relatives include parents, siblings, and offspring
Cigarette smoking: Current cigarette smoker or quit within the previous six months, or exposure to secondhand smoke
Sedentary lifestyle: Does not participate in at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on at least three days/week for at least three months (remember this by thinking of the 3’s—30 minutes, for 3 days, for 3 months)
Obesity: Client has a BMI ≥30 kg/m2
Hypertension: Blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg or currently on antihypertensive medications; both numbers do not have to be above the defining criteria for a + 1 in this category; if either the systolic reading is ≥ 140 mmHg or the diastolic number is ≥ 90 mmHg, the client would get a +1 in this category
Cholesterol: Total cholesterol should only be used if it is the only value given; if using total, ≥200 mg/dL is considered a risk (+1)
If you are given LDL and HDL cholesterol, use these values only:
LDL (bad cholesterol) ≥130 mg/dL is a risk (+1)
HDL (good cholesterol, you want lots) <40 mg/dL is a risk (+1)
HDL (good cholesterol) ≥60 mg/dL is good, allowing an individual to take a risk away (-1)
PreDiabetes: Fasting glucose ≥100 mg/dL is a risk (+1)

The risks are then totaled and the client is classified in one of the risk categories:.."

Low risk = Asymptomatic and < 2 risk factors
Moderate risk = Asymptomatic ≥ 2 risk factors
High risk = Symptomatic (see signs and symptoms below) or if the client has a known cardiac, pulmonary, renal, or metabolic disease
.."

-Lower Body
*see Fitness: Lower Body Workout goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

‘…Bend and Lift Screen

The squatting motion is one of the five primary movement patterns….

Bend and Lift – YouTube

=> Hips
*see Fitness: Various Exercises for the Hip goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Hurdle Step Screen

This is an example of a single-leg motion, …

Hurdle step – YouTube

Thoracic Spine Mobility Screen
*see Fitness: How to reverse common Abnormal Postures? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Rotation (another basic movement pattern) in the torso should generally be isolated in the thoracic spine, as the surrounding joints (scapulothoracic joint and lumbar spine) should remain stable. ..

Movement screenThoracic spine mobility screen – YouTube

-Shoulders
*see Fitness: Upper Body Workouts-Shoulders goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Shoulder Push Stabilization Screen

For this assessment, you’re observing the scapulothoracic joint (where the scapulae articulate with the spine) and the spine from the sagittal view to determine the presence of scapular winging or hyperextension in the low back. (Pushing is another basic movement pattern.)..”

ShouLder PuSh StabiLization SCreen – ACE Fitness (pdf) acefitness.org

-Shoulder Pull

Movement screen Shoulder Pull stabilization screen – YouTube

*see Fitness: How “Balanced” are you? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Calculations

Tools & Calculators acefitness.org
“…ACE Fit offers a number of free tools and calculators to help you determine everything from your body mass index (BMI) to your target heart rate zone, your blood pressure, body fat composition, daily caloric needs and more. Each of those tools will help you find an exercise program that fits your individual needs and goals, whether that be losing weight or increasing your strength with weight training…”


What Is a Realistic BMI for Someone Athletic?
by MICHELLE MATTE Last Updated: Sep 11, 2017 livestrong.com
“…
Misclassified

Kinesiology professor Sue Beckham, PhD of the University of Texas at Arlington, asserts that BMI is not useful in assessing athletic muscular individuals and is not a good indicator of changes in body composition. A 2007 study of male and female college athletes published in “Medicine and Science in Sports and Medicine” concluded that BMI incorrectly classifies athletes with normal body fat as overweight and that separate standards should be established for athletic populations.
BMI versus FFM

Your fat free mass, or FFM, includes your muscles, bones, connective tissue and other not-fat components of your body mass. According to exercise scientist Len Kravitz, PhD of the University of New Mexico, we all need a certain amount of fat to maintain good health, and women need more than men. When you subtract your FFM from your total body mass, you get your fat mass. Body composition is a measurement that compares your fat mass to your total body mass, expressed as percent body fat…”

How to Calculate Body Mass Index

BMI Percentile Calculator for Child and Teen
English Version
nccd.cdc.gov

Sequoia Fitness TrimCal 4000 Body Fat Caliper (Black) [Health and Beauty]
TrimCal 4000
amazon.com

=>Men

Accurate and cheap bodyfat measurement using skinfold caliper

Body Fat Calculator scoobysworkshop.com

=>Women

How to Perform the Skin Fold Test (Female) – YouTube

Skinfold Test – Female Suprailium facstaff.elon.edu
Iliac Crest (Iliocristale, Suprailiac) Skinfold topendsports.com
“..is one of the common locations used for the assessment of body fat in athletes. There are other sites in this region, such as the supraspinale. I have also come across another skinfold site near here, along the mid-axillary line at the level of the umbilicus (see details below). See the complete list of skinfold sites, and the general procedure for taking skinfold measurements…

This skinfold measurement sites has previously been known by many names, including iliocristale (Parizkova), suprailiac (Durin & Womersley).
The similar suprailium site is slightly anterior (forward) to the iliac crest site, also taken above the crest of the ilium, but at the point where an imaginary line would come down from the anterior axillary border. See also the nearby site supraspinale.
Another skinfold site near here, is to be found along the mid-axillary line at the level of the umbilicus (trunk skinfold site?).
..”

AccuFitness Fat Track Fitness Body Transformation Toolkit, 6.4 Ounce
Fat Track
amazon.com

Girth Measurements

How to: Circumference Measurements

*see Fitness: Various Cardio Workouts goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

1 Rep Max Test

x 1.41 (e.g. 10 reps of benching 130 ; 1.41 x 130 =max should be 183.3lbs

R.P.E.

What is the best way to measure and monitor intensity during exercise? Viktoria Brautigam by Viktoria Brautigam on June 01, 2011 .acefitness.org

“..Another way to monitor exercise intensity is by the Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE), or Borg scale. Using the Borg scale, with values from 0 to 20, can help you monitor your cardiovascular intensity. A rating of 7 corresponds to very, very light training intensity. A rating of 12 corresponds to moderate intensity. A rating of 17 corresponds to very hard intensity. A rating of 20 corresponds to maximum all-out intensity. Notice how, as your fitness increases, your exertion level at a previously difficult intensity starts to decrease. For example, running a 10 minute/mile pace used to be a level 16 exertion level for you. Two months after exercising regularly, you notice that the same 10 minute/mile pace is only an exertion level 12. RPE is a useful way of monitoring progress and keeping intensity appropriate. It is best used when cardiovascular training is more generalized and less specific. A person most likely to benefit from using the Borg RPE scale is following a general weight loss program…”

Perceived Exertion (Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale) cdc.gov
“..Look at the rating scale below while you are engaging in an activity; it ranges from 6 to 20, where 6 means “no exertion at all” and 20 means “maximal exertion.” Choose the number from below that best describes your level of exertion. This will give you a good idea of the intensity level of your activity, and you can use this information to speed up or slow down your movements to reach your desired range…”

Simple Workout Log

Simple Workout Log Overview | 2016

-Apps

10 Best Workout Log Apps lifewire.com
There are many workout logging apps, but are there any worth your effort?

Reps & Sets | The complete gym logging app repsandsetsapp.com

Sport Skills assessment

-Power Test

Physiological Assessments: Sports-skills Assessments
Jessie Newel on May 09, 2014 acefitness.org
“..These assessments can be divided into two categories: (1) power and (2) speed, agility, and quickness. ..”

How to Calculate Power Based on Force and Speed
Physics I For Dummies, 2nd Edition
Related Book Physics I For Dummies, 2nd Edition By Steven Holzner dummies.com

Physics 1: Force, acceleration, velocity – YouTube

1. Standing Long Jump Test

2. Vertical Jump Test

Fitness test- Vertical jump – YouTube

3. Kneeling Overhead Toss
4.Margaria Kalamen Stair Climb Test
5. 300 Yard Shuttle run Test

-Children

President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition (PCFSN) hhs.gov
“..
PCFSN engages, educates, and empowers all Americans to adopt a healthy lifestyle that includes regular physical activity and good nutrition. Since 1956, the Council has created and promoted programs and initiatives that motivate people of all ages, backgrounds, and abilities to be active and eat healthy….”

The President’s Council On Physical Fitness And Sports … – YouTube

President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition – YouTube

Most Common Assessments

1. Pro Agility Test

Combine Testing: Pro-Agility Shuttle stack.com
“..The Pro-Agility Shuttle is a key test used by coaches and scouts to evaluate football players at the NFL Combine, college pro days and other football combines across the country. It is a great way to assess a player’s quickness and ability to change directions, which are fundamental skills for success on the gridiron.
Pro Agility Shuttle How-To

To set up for the Pro Agility Shuttle, position three cones in a straight line five yards apart. Start at the center cone in a three-point stance, straddling the start/finish line. Timing starts on your first movement. Sprint five yards to the right. Stop and touch the line with your right hand at the cone. Sprint 10 yards to the far cone. Stop and touch line with your left hand at the cone. Sprint five yards through the finish line. This can also be performed starting to the left.

Check out a diagram of the Pro Agility Shuttle to better understand the set-up…”,

Instructions for the Pro Agility Test (5-10-5) – YouTube

Pro Agility II: The 20-Yard Shuttle – YouTube

2. T Test

Agility T-Test topendsports.com
“..
purpose: the T-Test is a test of agility for athletes, and includes forward, lateral, and backward running….

Fitness Test – “T” Test – YouTube

3. 40 Yard Dash

40 Yard Dash Fitness Test – YouTube

Medical Tools

-BMI

Know Your Numbers: Body Mass Index
American Council on Exercise by American Council on Exercise

on November 04, 2013 acefitness.org

-Blood Pressure

*see Medical: Is your blood pressure too “low” or “high”? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Sphygmomanometer practicalclinicalskills.com

Sphygmomanometer Definition

“..
A sphygmomanometer is a device that measures blood pressure. It is composes of an inflatable rubber cuff, which is wrapped around the arm. A measuring device indicates the cuff’s pressure. A bulb inflates the cuff and a valve releases pressure. A stethoscope is used to listen to arterial blood flow sounds. …

Checking your blood pressure with a sphygmomanometer – YouTube

Vital Signs (Body Temperature, Pulse Rate, Respiration Rate, Blood Pressure) hopkinsmedicine.org
“…Vital signs are measurements of the body’s most basic functions. The four main vital signs routinely monitored by medical professionals and health care providers include the following:

Body temperature

Pulse rate

Respiration rate (rate of breathing)

Blood pressure (Blood pressure is not considered a vital sign, but is often measured along with the vital signs.)

Vital signs are useful in detecting or monitoring medical problems. Vital signs can be measured in a medical setting, at home, at the site of a medical emergency, or elsewhere…”

*see Fitness: Various Cardio Workouts goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Blood oxygen, Understanding Pulse Oximeter reading – YouTube

Ultimate Fitness Tests

The Test of Fitness

Phase 1:Stability-Mobility

Practical Application of the ACE IFT Model—Phase 1: Stability and Mobility Training Makeba Edwards by Makeba Edward on February 27, 2017 acefitness.org
‘..When using the ACE IFT Model, first address proximal (toward the center of the body) stability via the lumbar spine/core before progressing to the distal (away from the center of the body) extremities or distal joints. Establishing proper core function (i.e., proximal stability) will allow for stable, central muscles that perform their given functions without compromising the actions of the distal joints…”

Phase 2: Movement Training

Practical Application of the ACE IFT Model—Phase 2: Movement Training
Makeba Edwards by Makeba Edwards on July 25, 2014 acefitness.org
“>..5. Understanding the reasons for exercises in Phase 2 requires some understanding of kinematics within the body (specifically as it relates to the lower extremity). Kinematics refers to the body in motion, in relation to the joint angle and pattern of movement, without any consideration given to the forces acting at the joints, or causes of motion…”

Practical Application of the ACE IFT Model—Phases 3 and 4: Load and Performance Training Makeba Edwards by Makeba Edwards on February 01, 2017 acefitness.org
“..The objective in this phase may be to increase muscular endurance, strength, or hypertrophy for the purpose of improving body composition, function, movement, or health by using resistance. ..

MUSCULAR ENDURANCE:

Circuit Training

How to Build the Perfect Circuit Workout By Charlotte Hilton Andersen shape.com
6 simple steps to create the ultimate fat-torching routine
“…Imagine a turbocharged workout routine that mixes cardio and strength training and has you in and out of the gym in 30 minutes. Plus, it’s infinitely and easily customized to help you reach your goals faster. Sound too good to be true? It’s not! It’s called circuit training…”

Circuit Training – Exercises Ideas – YouTube

“..

MUSCULAR STRENGTH:

Save Time and Get Stronger With Single-Set Training Tom Kelso
Tom Kelso Coach Strength and Conditioningbreakingmuscle.com
“..9 Ways to Get the Most Out of Single-Set Strength Training…

How Can You Get Big & Strong With Only One Set Per Exercise …

“..MUSCULAR HYPERTROPHY:..

Bodybuilding Workout For Beginners: Arms & Chest – YouTube

What Is a Super Set in Bodybuilding? : Great Exercise Tips – YouTube

Bodybuilding Workouts – Compound Sets For Legs – YouTube

Resistance Training Models

Macrocycles, Mesocycles and Microcycles: Understanding the 3 Cycles of Periodization
April 11, 2017 By Tyrone Holmes trainingpeaks.com
“…Periodization is the process of dividing an annual training plan into specific time blocks, where each block has a particular goal and provides your body with different types of stress. This allows you to create some hard training periods and some easier periods to facilitate recovery. Periodization also helps you develop different physiological abilities during various phases of training. For instance, during base training you focus on the development of aerobic and muscular endurance. During the intensity phase, this focus switches to lactate threshold and aerobic capacity (i.e., VO2 max), and as you enter the competition phase, greater emphasis is placed on boosting anaerobic capacity and neuromuscular power…”

Periodization and the Adult Client April Merritt by April Merritt on December 13, 2010 .acefitness.org
“..is is done through the use of micro (small) cycles, combined to form meso (intermediate size) cycles, which combine to form macro (biggest) cycles…

Periodization has two primary styles – linear and undulating.

Linear periodization is what we sometimes consider a more traditional resistance training program with gradually progressive increases. Within each micro cycle the training protocols are consistent, and then after each micro cycle the training variables are adjusted. Linear programs tend to be fairly rigid in their design. ..

Undulating periodization provides different training protocols during the micro cycles, in addition to changing the training variables after each micro cycle. Undulating programs tend to be less rigid in their design. :…”

Macrocycle, Mesocycle, and Microcycle – YouTube

Practical Application of the ACE IFT Model—Phases 3 and 4: Load and Performance Training Makeba Edwards by Makeba Edwards on February 01, 2017 acefitness.org

Phase 3 : Load Training

The Scientific Differences Between Weightlifting and Powerlifting Dresdin Archibald Coach breakingmuscle.com
“…At first glance, the most obvious difference is between the competition lifts. Weightlifting uses the snatch and the clean and jerk, both overhead movements. Powerlifting uses the squat, bench press, and deadlift, none of which is directed vertically overhead. (If only the media and public could grasp this.)..”

What is the Difference Between Powerlifting and Weightlifting? – N&P …

Phase 4: Performance Training

Plyometric
*see Fitness: Various Plyometric Training Exercises goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com


Steady State Vs. Interval Training: Which One is Best for Your Clients?
by Pete McCall
on July 30, 2015 acefitness.org
“…So, is one form of training better than the other? Like almost all fitness-related questions, the answer depends on a variety of factors. In the car analogy described above, both options can help you get to your destination. Which one you choose depends on your personal preference—would you prefer to sit in slow-moving traffic or being in constant motion? ..

Advantages

HIIT can be effective for improving aerobic capacity and/or calorie burning in less time when compared to high-volume, steady-state training. ..”

Equipment Options

30 Essential Pieces of Equipment for the Successful Personal Training Studio by Ryan Halvorson on Jul 01, 2012 ideafit.com
“…What equipment would you include in your dream studio?

You certainly have plenty of choices. The fitness equipment industry sold $4.3 billion worth of gear in 2010—a 4.1% increase from 2009—according to the Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association. While a substantial chunk of that revenue came from high-dollar devices like treadmills and elliptical trainers, a vast variety of specialized pieces of exercise equipment have also made their mark on the fitness industry.

Which ones add the most challenge and variety to customer workouts? ..”

The Life Fitness Insignia Series Selectorized Strength … – YouTube

Selectorized Strength Equipment lifefitness.com
“..

Life Fitness selectorized strength machines are designed with a focus on both durability and sound biomechanics to ensure that they provide reliable performance for facilities and effective results for exercisers who are new to strength equipment as well as workout veterans…”,/i>

What is Selectorized Weight Training?
Published on March 20, 2006 in Exercise Equipment Advice healthstylesexercise.com

How to Use a Cable Pulley Machine, Gym Basics, Fit How To – YouTube

Cable Machines, Cable Weight Lifting Machines For Sale – Gym Direct gymdirect.com.au

Cable Machines-Benefits and Advantages fitnesshealthzone.com

Machines Vs. Free Weights – Which Builds More Muscle? – YouTube

Exercise Equipment : How to Use Free Weights – YouTube

Fitness Town Video Fit-Tip: The Benefits of Kettlebell Training – YouTube

Top 6 Medicine Ball Exercises – YouTube

The benefits of a resistance band – why you must have one … – YouTube

8 Best Bodyweight Exercises Ever (HIT EVERY MUSCLE!) – YouTube

more….Health & Fitness: Trying to lose weight? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
& Medical: How to “stop” an Irregular Heart Beat? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
& Health: How to “fight” Diabetes? & Medical: How the Lungs (respiratory system) Function?

How to handle injuries?

Is R.I.C.E. All Wrong?
by Jim Thornton9 months ago life.spartan.com
“…It’s the most famous acronym in sports medicine, a household term as familiar to athletes as the physicians who treat them: RICE, for rest, ice, compression, and elevation…

As for why keeping injured tissues moving works better than immobilizing them, the exact mechanisms await further research. “We don’t understand everything about this yet,” Reinl concedes, “but we do know that stillness is the enemy. If you remain still, everything shrinks and atrophies—your muscles, bones, ligaments, everything.”…

So if RICE is no longer the answer, what’s a better strategy for expediting your return to the field of play? Reinl, for his part, believes the answer lies in a new acronym: ARITA—active recovery is the answer.

There are exceptions, of course—you may have no choice but to immobilize a limb, say, with a compound fracture. But for most garden-variety sports injuries, Reinl suggests resisting the urge to ice away your pain and plop down on the couch for days. Instead, let your pain level be your guide and keep on moving as much or as little as your mending body allows….”

RICE is Dead | Injury and Daily Recovery Tips – YouTube

Documentation

Fitness record-keeping: not just a waste of trees
Published: 05-Nov-2014 Updated: 10-Nov-2015 fitness.org.au
“…By way of a general guide, records should at least cover the following:

Initial assessment (most of these should be captured on a Client Information form):

client details (such as name and address of the client and details of GP);
relevant medical history including medications administered and diagnostic results;

previously injured her knee and wishes to regain fitness;
the assessment undertaken and findings, both positive and negative; and
the fitness plan and estimated cost.

Each session:

the date of each training session;
the client’s response to the last session and update on medical history e.g. any intervening incidents;
information and advice provided to the client, particularly in relation to warnings as to relevant potential adverse outcomes, and the client’s consent to training;
any new assessment undertaken and the findings;

It is important that your clinical records are just that – clinical. Do not record personal or offensive comments about the client – as a rule of thumb, if you would not say it to their face, do not write it down. A personal or offensive comment will, at the very least, be embarrassing to you if the records are required to be produced in response to a complaint and may well adversely affect the outcome of that complaint.
..”

What does it take to be a good personal trainer? – YouTube

How To Spot A Bad Personal Trainer / Coach

Medical: Parts of the Muscular System Medical: What are parts of the Skeletal System?, & Fitness: Physiology of Exercise goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

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Health: Nutrition-Foods to Know About

Government Perspective

Team Nutrition
MyPlate
fns.usda.gov

MyPlate Nutrition Guide

MyPlate/MiPlato cnpp.usda.gov
“..MyPlate replaced MyPyramid in June 2011. MyPlate is part of a larger communication initiative based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans to help consumers make better food choices. MyPlate is designed to remind Americans to eat healthfully, and is not intended to change consumer behavior alone. MyPlate illustrates the five food groups using a familiar mealtime visual — a place setting…”

Archives

Food Guide Pyramid cnpp.usda.gov
“..
The Food Guide Pyramid, which was released by the USDA in 1992, was replaced on April 19, 2005, by MyPyramid.

The original Food Guide Pyramid, like MyPyramid, was a widely recognized nutrition education tool that translated nutritional recommendations into the kinds and amounts of food to eat each day.

Several Food Guide Pyramid publications are provided here for historical reference. The information and guidance they contain is no longer current. (All files are PDFs unless otherwise noted.)

More Pyramids can be found at the USDA National Agricultural Library…”

Low-Income

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) fns.usda.gov
“..SNAP offers nutrition assistance to millions of eligible, low-income individuals and families and provides economic benefits to communities. SNAP is the largest program in the domestic hunger safety net. The Food and Nutrition Service works with State agencies, nutrition educators, and neighborhood and faith-based organizations to ensure that those eligible for nutrition assistance can make informed decisions about applying for the program and can access benefits. FNS also works with State partners and the retail community to improve program administration and ensure program integrity…”
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) fns.usda.gov
“..USDA’s Child and Adult Care Food Program plays a vital role in improving the quality of day care and making it more affordable for many low-income families. Each day, 3.3 million children receive nutritious meals and snacks through CACFP. The program also provides meals and snacks to 120,000 adults who receive care in nonresidential adult day care centers. CACFP reaches even further to provide meals to children residing in emergency shelters, and snacks and suppers to youths participating in eligible afterschool care programs…”

Reading Nutrition Food Labels

Food Labels – Nutrition Labels – How To Read Food Labels

Published on Feb 15, 2017

In this video I discuss how to read food labels and what all of the sections of the label are telling you.

Food labels can be tricky, so it is important to understand what these labels are actually telling you.

The Nutrition Facts Label can be broken into 5 parts; 1) serving size, 2) calories, 3) amount of nutrients, 4) Percent daily value and 5) the footnote portion.

Serving Size
The serving size section tells what 1 serving size actually is, and the total amount of servings in the container. Serving sizes are usually standardized to make it easy to compare similar foods. For instance here are 2 food labels for organic soups, black bean vegetable on the left, chunky vegetable on the right. You can see both list a serving size as 1 cup or 245 grams.

Calories
Next is the calories section. Calories are a measurement of energy from food for your body. Here we have the nutrition label for Lucky Charms cereal. Most people grab a bowl, and fill it up near the top, then add in milk paying no attention to serving size.

But, 1 serving size is actually ¾ of a cup of the cereal and ½ cup of non fat milk. According to the serving size section, this would provide 150 total calories, 110 calories from the cereal and 40 calories from the milk. The full bowl of cereal and milk totaled 448 calories. So, 150 calories vs 448 calories, quite a difference.

Amount of nutrients
The next section lists the amount of nutrients in a serving size. Here you will see the macronutrients, Fats, carbohydrates and protein. Macronutrients are what provide calories, or energy for your body. Other items listed usually include cholesterol and sodium, and typically under the carbohydrates section the amount of fiber and sugar are listed.

Cholesterol, sodium and sugar are listed because many people over consume these items, and fiber is listed because most people are deficient in it. The percentages on the right tell you the percentage of the recommended amount of each item, in a serving size. These percentages are based on a person consuming a 2000 calorie diet per day. For instance, the black bean vegetable soup provides 5g of fiber, at 20%.

This means that 1 serving of the soup provides 20% of the recommended amount of fiber most people need per day. Keep in mind that every persons nutrient needs are different.

Percent daily value of micronutrients
Percent of daily value is the next section. This section tells you the percentage of micronutrients, vitamins and minerals, in a serving size of the food item. Again, These percentages are based on a person consuming a 2000 calorie diet per day.

If we look at the lucky charms label, we see the cereal provides 10% of the recommend daily value of calcium, with the milk that increases to 25%. So, one serving size of the cereal with the milk will provide 25% of the recommended amount of calcium most people need per day. Again, Keep in mind that every persons nutrient needs are different.

Footnote
The last part of a food label is the footnote section. Percent daily values are based on 2000 calorie diet. This statement appears on all food labels, as you can see on this cracker label and on this yogurt label. The remaining portion you see on the yogurt label will appear if the size of the label is large enough.

The recommended daily values are listed for several nutrients, and are based on public health experts’ advice. They are listed for 2000 and 2500 calorie diets. The recommended daily values change for the energy nutrients, but stay the same for cholesterol, sodium and potassium.

You can also see that the recommendations for total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium are listed as less than, meaning that these are maximum intake recommendations.

I will say this for a 3rd time, only because it is extremely important, every persons nutrient needs are different, an athlete, a runner, or someone that leads a very sedentary lifestyle. All of these people will have different nutrient needs.

And that be the basics on food labels.

How to Read Nutrition Facts | Food Labels Made Easy

Published on May 3, 2016

To support our channel and level up your health, check out:
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Today I am going to teach you guys how to read nutrition facts labels. One of the best ways to improve your health quickly is by learning how to read nutrition labels.

The first thing you’ll notice at the top of nutrition facts are the serving size and servings per container.

This is simply the “amount” in the package or container.

Pretty self explanatory…

Next you have the ingredients.

Everything inside these black lines is representative of ONE serving.

This is important to understand because, next you will see the calories and the calories from fat.

This is pretty much the only thing most people ever look at and this is a common mistake…

If the package says 200 calories on the bag of chips, but the serving per container says 2.5, that means there is actually 500 calories in the bag…

This is a clever little marketing trick that you should pay attention to.

Pressing on, you will see the total fat on the package along with a number and a percentage on the right hand side.

The number represents the total fat in one serving and percentage represents the percentage based on a 2000 calorie diet.

So 8 gram is 12% of a 2000 calorie diet.

I should also remind you that fat is not bad for you and there are plenty of healthy foods that are high in fat.

What you really want to watch out for is any trans fat.

Trans fat is the kind linked to heart disease and all sorts of bad stuff. Avoid this at all costs.

Saturated fat should be much less of a concern.

This may surprise some of you, so I will link a few studies below that have conclusively proven that saturated fat is fine to eat and not the cause of the many diseases it was wrongly accused for.

Think of saturated fat as the middle child of the fat family, he’s got a good heart but is just a little misunderstood.

Now, you may be thinking, wait a minute…

Why does the total number of saturated fat and trans fat not add up to the total fat at the top…

Where’s the other 7 grams?

Well this is because not all fats will be listed on the nutrition label.

Only the nutrients deemed most important ever make it to the nutrition labels.

Don’t worry though.

The other fats not listed are generally healthy and should be much less of a concern.

Pressing on you will see cholesterol and sodium.

Remember, these numbers are based on ONE serving.

If the sodium was 25% of your daily intake and the package had 2.5 servings in it. That means the entire package contains 63% of you daily sodium intake.

Quite a bit considering this is one snack.

Onward, you’ll sees the carbohydrate section.

Carbohydrates are the breads, grains, fiber and SUGARS in the food.

The first section you’ll see is for dietary fiber.

Having a good amount of dietary fiber is a good thing as it helps with digestion and satisfaction from meals.

Now the next section is what you need to pay attention to.

The total sugars in the food you’re eating are important to watch out for as, like the trans fats, these have been linked to a whole host of diseases and health problems.

Also you should be aware of not only the sugar in the food, but what kind of carbohydrates you’re eating.

If the food is very high in carbohydrates, but low in dietary fiber, even though the carbs are not labeled as “sugar,” they will operate very similarly in the blood stream.

These are called “simple carbs.”

This is why you need to watch out for unrefined carbohydrates like white bread and pastas.

Next up, you’ll see the label for protein.

Knowing that foods high in protein lead to better satisfaction from meals, and promote lean muscle tissue, you will want most of the foods you eat to have a good amount of protein.

Finally, we have a few key vitamins at the bottom.

It may sound strange, but ignore these.

The numbers will be notoriously low and you should be focusing instead on getting in lots of fruits and vegetables every day to meet your vitamin requirements.

Leafy greens contain calcium and iron, and fruits contain vitamin c and a.

The rest of the nutrition labels facts contain recommendations about how much of each category to get in.

They do not change on nutrition labels and are not that important.

Finally, on some labels you will see the calories per gram for each macronutrient.

Fat contains 9 grams per serving and Carbohydrates and Proteins contain 4.

So for every 10 grams of fat, you will have 90 calories. For every 10 grams of protein or carbs you will get 40 calories.

Safe to say, you should now have a general understanding of how nutrition labels work.

Most importantly, you can stop assuming something is healthy for you based on tricky packaging and start KNOWING the difference.

Health Experts Perspective

Nutrition 101 with Dr. Mike

How to Develop Healthy Eating Habits

Protein Bars

Nutrition Lifestyle

Best Time?

The Best Time of Day to: Exercise, Cheat On A Diet, and More! Health
|July 20, 2011|
By SELF Staffers .self.com/
‘..According to Dr. Oz, the big rule of thumb is that you need to have dinner more than three hours before you go to bed, so that you aren’t going to bed with a full stomach…

When you exercise in the morning — cardio and strength training is key — you kick-start your metabolism, which will help you burn more calories throughout your day…

The best time to eat fats is at 10 a.m because fat acts as a source of energy, so have your fats in the morning so you can burn them off all day. For carbs, 1 p.m is the best time to indulge since they increase your level of serotonin and will prevent snacking throughout the rest of the day — yay for pizza for lunch. Sugar intake is 2 p.m since this will give you instant energy during your midafternoon slump, and 5 p.m is the best time for an alcoholic beverage since in small doses it can act as a stimulant, but in high doses it’s a depressant, so at 5, this will give your body lots of time to metabolize it by bedtime. Three cheers for happy hour!..”

-Fruits

7 Tips The Right Time To Eat Fruits In A Day

Will Fruit Make you Fat? How to Monitor Fructose- Thomas DeLauer

*before a workout (30 minutes prior)
*see Health & Fitness: Ergogenic Aids & Energy Enhancing Supplements & Health: Alternatives to “processed” sugar for your “sweet tooth”? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Fats
*see Health: Nutrition-Macronutrients goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Dietary Fats: What’s Good and What’s Bad familydoctor.org
“..“Bad” fats

Saturated and trans fats are bad for you. Less than 7% of your total daily calories should come from saturated fats. Less than 1% should come from trans fats. In a 2,000-calorie daily diet, that’s less than 15 grams of saturated fat and less than 2 grams of trans fat.

Saturated fats occur naturally in some animal products. This includes meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy items, such as cheese, cream and whole milk. Palm, coconut, and other tropical oils, as well as cocoa butter, contain saturated fat.

Trans fats are made when liquid oils get turned into solid fats. This process is called hydrogenation. Trans fats are found in a lot of processed foods. All food companies have to list trans fat on nutrition fact labels. However, foods can have up to .5 grams of trans fat per serving and still show 0 grams. Check the ingredients list and look for the words “hydrogenated oil.”

You should limit saturated fats and avoid trans fats. They often are found in fast food, fried foods, and snack foods. They also can be in desserts and commercial baked goods. These bad fats increase your LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. They decrease your HDL (good) cholesterol levels….
*see Medical: Is your blood pressure too “low” or “high”? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

“…

“Good” fats

Replace bad fats with good fats. Studies show that good fats can help lower your total cholesterol level. Omega-3 fatty acids have good health benefits. They can decrease your risk of heart attack and inflammation.

Monounsaturated fats are found in canola, olive, and peanut oils. They are in a variety of nut oils and butters. Avocados, legumes (beans and peas), and seeds also contain these fats.

Polyunsaturated fats are found in vegetable oils like corn, sunflower, and safflower oil. They are in soybeans, legumes, grains, and nuts. Several seeds, like sesame and sunflower, also contain these fats.

Omega-3 fatty acids are usually found in seafood. This includes salmon, herring, sardines, and mackerel. Flaxseeds, flaxseed oil, and walnuts also contain omega-3s…”

The Critical Differences Between Omega-3 Fats From Plants and Marine Animals 2.3K September 11, 2016 • 267,067 views articles.mercola.com
“.. Both plant- and animal-based omega-3 have their first double-bond in the third position — hence the name “omega-3.” However, the length of the carbon chain of each omega-3 fat makes a significant difference when it comes to bioavailability and biological effect.

Marine animal-based omega-3 (fatty fish, fish oil and krill oil) primarily contain docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a long-chained PUFA consisting of 22 carbons and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which has 20 carbons.
Plant-based omega-3 (found in flaxseed, flaxseed oil, chia seeds, walnuts and leafy greens, for example) contain alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), a shorter-chained PUFA consisting of 18 carbons. They are completely devoid of DHA and EPA.
..”

* (video) ALA (more of a source of energy is not as important to supplement, absorbs fast;, DHA is mostly in your brain already
*carbs are “dirty fuel”, while “fats” are “clean fuel”; don’t need high protein diet; we don’t need that many grains (food pyramid is false), interminent fasting is important (benefits : increase human growth hormone-longevity)…

*see Health: Benefits of “Fasting”? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

, spread 8 hours eating; curcumin (Tumeric) great brain food (increase serotonin), etc…

<bSugars
*see Health: Alternatives to “processed” sugar for your “sweet tooth”? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

How Much Sugar Should I Eat Per Day?

Health: Alternatives to “processed” sugar for your “sweet tooth”? healthyeating.sfgate.com
“…Sugars and other carbohydrates can play a role in a healthy, balanced diet, but not all sugars have an equal impact. The difference in good and bad sugar lies less in the sugars themselves than in how they’re consumed, and how quickly they cause your blood glucose levels to rise. As a rule “good” sugars come in healthy whole foods, while “bad” sugars come in highly refined, processed foods…”

A Diabetic Trip to the Grocery Store

*see Health: How to “fight” Diabetes? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Foods to build “Stronger” Bones
*see Health: How to deal with arthritis as one ages? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

*see Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 2~Vitamins=Fat Soluble : D & K!

Special Diets for Particular Populations

Obesity
*see Health & Fitness: Trying to lose weight? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Here’s The Best Way To Start A Daily Food Log For Weight Loss self.com
“..In order to make sure you’re getting the most out of creating a food diary you want to make sure you’re keeping tabs on the right things. Here are the six things registered dietitians tell their clients about food logging.

Related: How Bad Is It To Eat Carbs At Night If You’re Trying To Lose Weight?
1. Set up a method that works for you.

Take your lifestyle into consideration, explains registered dietitian Jenny Beth Kroplin. “There are many online tools, apps, and handwritten versions of food journals and trackers that can be quite helpful.” If an app like MyFitnessPal is your jam, go for it. If you’d rather not see the calories, try jotting your food down in a note on your phone or using a good old-fashioned notebook.

If you’re ..”

Eating Disorders
*see Health: How to “fight” Eating Disorders? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Pregnant Women
*see Health & Fitness: Tips for Pregnant Women goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Liquid Only Diet

-Meal Replacements


Ranking the best meal replacement shakes of 2019 bodynutrition.org Last Updated: November 8, 2018
“..Our research team ranked the best meal replacement shakes below:..

Evidence Based
Benefits of Meal Replacement Shakes + Best Options
By Rachael Link, MS, RD October 30, 2018 draxe.com
“..When shopping for shakes, take a look at the ingredients label and read carefully. The best protein shakes should:

be free of high-fructose corn syrup, hydrogenated vegetable oil and added sugars
contain a good amount of protein and fiber — with around 15–20 grams of protein and 3–5 grams of fiber per serving — plus at least 33 percent of the daily value for most vitamins and minerals
not contain over 10 grams of sugar or a long list of chemicals and synthetic additives listed on the label
be ..”

The Best Nutrition Drinks and Shakes For Seniors to Keep Them Healthy By Caregiver Connection – July 19, 2018 caregiverconnection.org
“…Nutrisystem Shakes….150 calories, 5 grams of fiber, 13 grams of protein

Chocolate and ..”
*see Premier Protein 30g Protein Shakes, Bananas and Cream, 11 Fluid Ounces, (Pack of 4) amazon.com

10 Meal Replacement Shakes That Actually Taste Good By Kasandra Brabaw
Sep 13, 2018
berry smoothie
These store-bought and homemade smoothies will help fill you up on the go.
“..Make it a meal: If you’re grabbing this for breakfast and know you need to keep hunger at bay until lunch, drink this shake after you nosh on a slice of multi-grain bread topped with 1/4 of an avocado. You’ll boost your meal by 160 calories, 6 g filling fiber, and about 8 g of healthy fats. ..”
Raw Organic Meal Shake & Meal Replacement gardenoflife.com
“..Raw Organic Meal is a delicious organic MEAL-ON-THE-GO packed with incredible nutrition to help you satisfy hunger, manage weight and feel great! Raw Organic Meal uniquely combines the goodness of multiple Garden of Life products in one complete raw organic meal replacement. Basically, it has the nutrition of seven products in one container! Raw Organic Meal delivers 20 grams of clean protein per scoop from 13 raw sprouted ingredients, along with greens, healthy fat, 7g of Organic Fiber, probiotics, enzymes, plus 21 vitamins and minerals. ..”
Organifishop green foods

Vegetarians & Vegan

*see Health: Vegetarian-Vegan Diet Needs? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com/

Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 3~Vitamins=Major Minerals & Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 4~Vitamins=Trace Minerals goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Children
*see Health & Fitness: How Can Children Have An “Active” Lifestyle? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Elderly
*see Health & Fitness: How to get more “energy” for the Elderly? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Fitness

9 Nutrition Rules for Building Muscle | Jim Stoppani’s Shortcut to Strength

*see Medical: Parts of the Muscular System goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Athletes

Nutrition for Athletes familydoctor.org
“..Most people need between 1,500 and 2,000 calories a day. For athletes, this number can increase by 500 to 1,000 more calories…

Fat is another important source of calories. In small amounts, fat is a key fuel source. It serves other functions, such as supporting good skin and hair. Do not replace carbs in your diet with fats. This can slow you down, because your body has to work harder to burn fat for energy. Fats should make up no more than 30% of your daily calories. When you can, choose unsaturated fats, like olive oil and nuts. These are better for your health than saturated and trans fats. Too much fat or the wrong kinds can cause health problems. It can raise your bad (LDL) cholesterol level and increase your risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

Protein should make up the remaining 10% to 15% of your daily calories. Protein is found in foods like meat, eggs, milk, b…”

What Is the AMDR Recommendation for Carbohydrates?
healthyeating.sfgate.com
“…Recommendations for Athletes

Getting 45 percent of your food intake from carbs may be too low for athletes and people who exercise regularly, because carbs are the body’s main fuel source during physical activity. Brown University suggests that athletes should get about 65 percent of their daily intake from carbohydrates. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons recommends that athletes get 60 to 70 percent of their calories from carbs..”

Other: Diet Programs

DASH Diet Plan Explained – Is The DASH Diet For You? – YouTube

Calculations

-Calorie Calculator

MyPlate Calorie Tracker and Fitness Program | LIVESTRONG.COM

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Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”