Health & Fitness: Tips for Pregnant Women

Nutrition

*see Health: Nutrition-Foods to Know About goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

The Best Foods To Eat At Every Stage Of Pregnancy And Post Birth
Section: Healthy Eating Tips & Advice
“..Instead of lurching from saintly food habits to a chocolate binge, tailor your diet to each stage of your nine months. Say hello to your new eating rules

Research suggests half of British women are confused by the food advice given during pregnancy. We’re supposed to eat healthily, but what and when? The latest approach is to tailor your diet to support your baby’s development at each stage of pregnancy. And, as it’s what your body needs, it suits your cravings, too. Bring it on.
Stage 1: The Early Weeks

Before you conceive and during the first month of pregnancy, you’re laying down nutritional reserves to benefit your baby. So, what should you stockpile? ..”

15 Pregnancy Power Foods By Sally Kuzemchak from Parents Magazine parents.com
These healthy choices have the nutrients that you and your growing baby need.
“.. Fortified Breakfast Cereal

You knew folate was important before conception and during your first few weeks of pregnancy, but your needs for the B vitamin stay high the whole nine months. Experts advise getting 400 micrograms per day through vitamin supplements or fortified foods (breakfast cereal is an easy way to do it, since many brands contain 400 micrograms per bowl), and another 200 micrograms through foods that are naturally high in folate, such as asparagus and black-eyed peas…”

Nutrition During Pregnancy: 10 Do’s and Don’ts By Suzanne Schlosberg fitpregnancy.com
Healthy prenatal eating isn’t just about avoiding—it’s about choosing wisely.
“…1. DO LOAD UP ON THE “BIG 5” NUTRIENTS: FOLATE, CALCIUM, IRON, ZINC AND FIBER

Before conception and in the first six weeks of pregnancy, no nutrient is more vital than folate (the synthetic form is folic acid). This B vitamin can reduce the risk of neural-tube defects, such as spina bifida, by a whopping 70 percent…

3. DO LIMIT YOUR EXPOSURE TO PESTICIDES BY CHOOSING ORGANIC AND LOCALLY GROWN FOODS WHEN POSSIBLE

“The developing immune system is so much more sensitive than the adult’s,” says Rodney Dietert, Ph.D., professor of immunotoxicology at Cornell University’s College of Veterinary Medicine, whose research has linked prenatal pesticide exposure to later- in-life immune dysfunctions…”

Iron and Pregnancy: Why You Need It, How Much, and How to Get It By Paige Fowler parents.com

Iron is a crucial mineral needed during pregnancy. Here’s why and how to get enough for you and your developing baby.
“..Why You Need Iron

First, some basics: Your body uses iron to make hemoglobin, a substance in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout your body. During pregnancy, your body supplies blood and oxygen to your baby, so the demand for iron goes up to keep up with the increase in blood supply. In fact, you need about twice the amount of iron—27 mg per day—than you do when you’re not pregnant.

In addition to taking a supplement, upping how much iron you’re getting in your diet will also make a difference. Not all iron-containing foods are created equal, however. There are two types of iron: heme and non-heme. Non-heme iron is mostly found in beans, vegetables, dried fruits, eggs, whole grains, and iron-fortified products; heme iron comes from animal sources, such as red meat, fish, and poultry. “Your body absorbs heme iron best, so it’s a good idea to especially focus on those foods to help keep your levels up during pregnancy,” Blake says. She recommends downing two servings of red meat per week during pregnancy…”

*see Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 4~Vitamins=Trace Minerals goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

*see Health-Neutral Perspective: Alcohol: Good and Bad? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Beauty Products
*see Chemicals to Avoid that’s Causing Negative Health Effects goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Health: Beauty-Hair Washing Treatment Tips? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Fitness

12 Great Pregnancy Exercises fitpregnancy.com
Our favorite workouts will help you stay active and get ready for baby.

Exercising While Pregnant: How Much Is Too Much? By Jocelyn Voo fitnessmagazine.com
In the past six months, we’ve seen several pregnant women — including a ballerina, a CrossFitter and a marathon runner called out in the media for continuing their strenuous exercise regimens. So how much exercise is too much when you’re expecting?
” The Benefits of Exercise During Pregnancy

There’s long been documentation that exercise during pregnancy has its benefits. Paul Sorace, MS, Fellow of the National Board of Fitness Examiners and a teacher at the American Fitness Professionals and Associates, lists the following:

Decreased risk of gestational diabetes & long-term obesity
Control of gestational diabetes
Improved energy levels
Improved posture Improved muscle tone, strength, endurance
Possible faster delivery
Enhanced recovery from childbirth
Reduced backaches
Reduced bloating and swelling

So the short answer is: yes, exercise during pregnancy is good. Which types and how strenuous they should be is the real question.
..”

7 Smart Ways to Exercise Safely During Pregnancy from American Baby parents.com
Working out is an important part of having a healthy pregnancy. Here, ob-gyn Elizabeth Pryor, MD, shares how to make sure you stay safe as you get active.
“..Don’t lie on your back

Avoid exercise that requires you to lie flat on your back — like crunches — after the first trimester. This can decrease blood flow to you and your baby…”

Top 6 Simple and Safe Exercises During Pregnancy
https://youtu.be/7lYEdye3f_s
Consumer Health Digest
“..Hello would be mom,
Congratulations on your pregnancy! Pregnancy doesn’t mean that now you can sit back and watch TV. Taking care in pregnancy is very much important but along with exercise. Here we have collected some simple and safe exercises for a healthy pregnancy.

1. Pelvic Stretches
This is considered as the best pregnancy exercise for normal and less painful delivery.

2. Swimming
Swimming helps to regulate heartbeat, strengthen your muscles, prevent muscle injury and keeps your body fit during pregnancy.

*see Health: Be more safe in Swimming Pools? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
Sal: I personally don’t recommend this with the Chlorine, unless your swimming in “fresh” or “salt” water outdoors!

3. Squat
This is another helpful exercise that contracts and loosens your pelvic muscle during pregnancy to reduce the pain during delivery.

4. Walking
Walking is highly recommended during pregnancy as it prevents constipation, restlessness, and high blood pressure, so walk slowly at least 30 minutes daily.

5. Low-impact aerobics
Low-impact aerobic is very effective low-intensity workout which keeps your heart and lungs healthy in pregnancy

6. Yoga
Yoga is very useful for normal delivery and keeps your entire body fit and healthy during all the difficult days of pregnancy.

Regular exercise will keep you and your baby healthy and can make for an easier pregnancy and labor, and a timely recovery after delivery.

So have a happy pregnancy and Follow us on ConsumerHealthDigest.com..”

*see Fitness: Lower Body Exercises for those with “limited” mobility goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

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“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

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Health: Benefits of “Fasting”?

10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Intermittent Fasting healthline.com
“…
Intermittent fasting is an eating pattern where you cycle between periods of eating and fasting.

Numerous studies show that it can have powerful benefits for your body and brain.

Here are 10 evidence-based health benefits of intermittent fasting.

1. Intermittent Fasting Changes The Function of Cells, Genes and Hormones

When you don’t eat for a while, several things happen in your body.

For example, your body initiates important cellular repair processes and changes hormone levels to make stored body fat more accessible.

Here are some of the changes that occur in your body during fasting:

Insulin levels: Blood levels of insulin drop significantly, which facilitates fat burning (1).
Human growth hormone: The blood levels of growth hormone may increase as much as 5-fold (2, 3). Higher levels of this hormone facilitate fat burning and muscle gain, and have numerous other benefits (4, 5).
Cellular repair: The body induces important cellular repair processes, such as removing waste material from cells (6).
Gene expression: There are beneficial changes in several genes and molecules related to longevity and protection against disease (7, 8).
….”

Nutrition 101 with Dr. Mike
https://youtu.be/Yrb2xBLX-nI
*see Health: Nutrition-Foods to Know About goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

5 Intermittent Fasting Methods: Which One Is Right for You? dailyburn.com
Health by Kate Morin on 6/10/2017
“…The Science of Fasting

As far back as the 1930s, scientists have been exploring the benefits of reducing calories by skipping meals. During that time, one American scientist found that significantly reducing calories helped mice live longer, healthier lives. More recently, researches have found the same in fruit flies, roundworms and monkeys. Studies have also shown that decreasing calorie consumption by 30 to 40 percent (regardless of how it’s done) can extend life span by a third or more. Plus, there’s data to suggest that limiting food intake may reduce the risk of many common diseases. Some believe fasting may also increase the body’s responsiveness to insulin, which regulates blood sugar and helps control hunger…

Intermittent Fasting: 5 Methods

….What and when you eat during the feeding window also depends on when you work out. On days you exercise, carbs are more important than fat. On rest days, fat intake should be higher. ..

2. Eat Stop Eat

….How It Works: Fast for 24 hours once or twice per week. During the 24 hour fast, which creator Brad Pilon prefers to call a “24 break from eating,” no food is consumed, but you can drink calorie-free beverages. ..

3. The Warrior Diet

How It Works: Warriors-in-training can expect to fast for about 20 hours every day and eat one large meal every night. What you eat and when you eat it within that large meal is also key to this method. The philosophy here is based on feeding the body the nutrients it needs in sync with circadian rhythms and that our species are “nocturnal eaters, inherently programmed for night eating.”…

4. Fat Loss Forever

…How It Works: Not completely satisfied with the IF diets listed above? This method takes the best parts of Eat Stop Eat, The Warrior Diet and Leangains, and combines it all into one plan. You also get one cheat day each week (yay!) — followed by a 36-hour fast (which may be not-so-yay for some). After that, the remainder of the seven-day cycle is split up between the different fasting protocols….

5. UpDayDownDay ™ Diet (aka The Alternate-Day Diet or Alternate-Day Fasting)

How It Works: This one’s easy: Eat very little one day, and eat like normal the next. On the low-calorie days, that means one fifth of your normal calorie intake. Using 2,000 or 2,500 calories (for women and men, respectively) as a guide, “fasting” (or “down”) day should be 400 to 500 calories. Followers can use this tool to figure out how many calories to consume on “low-calorie” days….

Medical Experts

Dr. Mercola: The Benefits of Intermittent Fasting – YouTube

Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting + How To Do It – YouTube (Dr. Axe)

Benefits of Intermittent Fasting – YouTube

Other Benefits

-Lose Weight
*see Health & Fitness: Trying to lose weight? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

How Intermittent Fasting Can Help You Lose Weight healthline.com
“..Interestingly, despite what the 5-6 meals a day proponents would have you believe, short-term fasting may actually increase fat burning.

Two studies have found that fasting for about 48 hours boosts metabolism by 3.6-14% (12, 13). However, fasting periods that are longer can suppress metabolism (14)…”
Intermittent Fasting: How To Lose Body Fat And Detox In 5 Easy Steps! elivatenutrition.com
“…Step 2: Fasted Lemon and Cayenne Pepper Water

That’s right! First thing every morning you are going to drink warm lemon water with non-irradiated cayenne pepper. Lemmon Juice and cayenne pepper both have anti-fungal, detoxifying, and immune boosting properties. It’s really the best way to start your day. But why?..”

Sal: I usually start my mornings drinking a glass of h20 with drops of lemon juice and do my morning push-ups/sit-ups. I won’t eat for another 30 minutes or when I’m done exercising.

Health: Importance of Cleansing-Detoxification goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Sal: I “try” to fast 3 meals in various days of the week depending on what’s going on (e.g. work schedule, what’s on the menu at work, etc..). I usually fast Sunday mornings before church as it helps me “focus” and “hear” what God might be telling me through the message, shares, worship music, etc.. Then I try to pick two days (usually lunch /breakfast) of the week. I sometimes just eat vegetables and/or fruits only . I use that time to “meditate” in God’s Word or ways to get “closer” in my personal relationship with God.
*see Health: Vegetarian-Vegan Diet Needs? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

-Spiritual

Biblical Daniel Fast Put to the Test
Michael Greger M.D. FACLM September 10th, 2012 Volume 10 nutritionfacts.org
“..Within a matter of weeks, participants placed on the vegan diet outlined by the prophet Daniel experienced improvements in blood pressure, cholesterol and insulin levels, insulin resistance, and C-reactive protein levels, a marker of inflammation within the body…”

THE DANIEL FAST: My Experience, How to Eat, Biblical Fasting Guide …

Healthy Fasting Tips: Ramadan Do’s and Don’ts onearabvegan.com
“..
DO break your fast with something nutritious.
After fasting all day long, you should at least make sure you break your fast with something healthful and nutrient dense, like dates or fresh juice. It is extremely common to break a fast with dates, as per Islamic tradition. Dates are naturally high in sugar, vitamins and minerals and are quickly digested so they are ideal for an immediate energy boost. To avoid the post sugar rush slump, make sure you combine your dates with a protein source like nuts as these slow the release of sugar into the blood. I personally break my fast with a dried date stuffed with a raw walnut followed closely by some fresh juice and water…”

Sal: I’ve fasted during Ramadan before and it was tough! It was my first time to “fast” without drinking any water or food completely. However, I did it with God as I prayed (e.g. for my Muslim friends) and asked God to give me strength. A Muslim friend told me to use this time to “remember the poor” around you, which is a great motivation too!

Lent: A Season of Fasting, Reflection, and Self-Care by Aimee McNew paleoplan.com
“…Lent is intended to be a season of contemplation, sacrifice, and simplicity with fasting and prayer—a time to grow in faith. Easter, of course, has both secular and religious observations, but for Christians, it’s arguably the most sacred time of the year. This is because the entirety of Christian faith is based on the death and subsequent resurrection of Jesus Christ. So Lent is a time of year to take a sobering, sacred look at our personal lives…”

Sal: I’ve had various types of “fasting” during Lent as a sacrifice from “things” that distract me from a “growing personal relationship” with God. One year, I “fasted” from “sweets”. I admit, I had one or more day “breaking” this due to my birthday during Lent season. If you break it, don’t give up entirely! God back and finish with prayer -asking God to deal with overcoming temptation! It’s a faith building experience.

Days of Unleavened Bread isawthelightministries.com
…How To Observe The 7 Days of Unleavened Bread


In the days and hours BEFORE Passover, we must remove all leavening from our houses. Remove all food that has baking soda, leaven or leavening listed as ingredients. In the Scriptures, “leaven/leavening” symbolizes sin. Sin puffs up. So we are learning to remove sin/leavening from our lives. As of sunset on Passover Day, all leavening must have been removed. You may have taken it to a storage unit, given it away or eaten it all up. Refrain from buying bread in the week before so that you will not have as much to remove or eat up before Passover evening. This is the origin of “Spring Cleaning”. Some people like to clean between their couches, etc in an attempt to remove all crumbs which picture hidden sin in our lives. During the week, You WILL find something that you forget or that you did not realize had leavening listed as an ingredient. Again, this pictures hidden sin and the continual process of learning about what sin is and removing worldliness from our lives…”

Sal: I fasted eating foods w/ NO “flour” (e.g. bread) and saw a lot of health benefits (e.g. eye sight improvement)..

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Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

Health: Nutrition-Foods to Know About

Government Perspective

Team Nutrition
MyPlate
fns.usda.gov

MyPlate Nutrition Guide

MyPlate/MiPlato cnpp.usda.gov
“..MyPlate replaced MyPyramid in June 2011. MyPlate is part of a larger communication initiative based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans to help consumers make better food choices. MyPlate is designed to remind Americans to eat healthfully, and is not intended to change consumer behavior alone. MyPlate illustrates the five food groups using a familiar mealtime visual — a place setting…”

Archives

Food Guide Pyramid cnpp.usda.gov
“..
The Food Guide Pyramid, which was released by the USDA in 1992, was replaced on April 19, 2005, by MyPyramid.

The original Food Guide Pyramid, like MyPyramid, was a widely recognized nutrition education tool that translated nutritional recommendations into the kinds and amounts of food to eat each day.

Several Food Guide Pyramid publications are provided here for historical reference. The information and guidance they contain is no longer current. (All files are PDFs unless otherwise noted.)

More Pyramids can be found at the USDA National Agricultural Library…”

Health Experts Perspective

Nutrition 101 with Dr. Mike

Fats
*see Health: Nutrition-Macronutrients goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Dietary Fats: What’s Good and What’s Bad familydoctor.org
“..“Bad” fats

Saturated and trans fats are bad for you. Less than 7% of your total daily calories should come from saturated fats. Less than 1% should come from trans fats. In a 2,000-calorie daily diet, that’s less than 15 grams of saturated fat and less than 2 grams of trans fat.

Saturated fats occur naturally in some animal products. This includes meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy items, such as cheese, cream and whole milk. Palm, coconut, and other tropical oils, as well as cocoa butter, contain saturated fat.

Trans fats are made when liquid oils get turned into solid fats. This process is called hydrogenation. Trans fats are found in a lot of processed foods. All food companies have to list trans fat on nutrition fact labels. However, foods can have up to .5 grams of trans fat per serving and still show 0 grams. Check the ingredients list and look for the words “hydrogenated oil.”

You should limit saturated fats and avoid trans fats. They often are found in fast food, fried foods, and snack foods. They also can be in desserts and commercial baked goods. These bad fats increase your LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. They decrease your HDL (good) cholesterol levels….
*see Medical: Is your blood pressure too “low” or “high”? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

“…

“Good” fats

Replace bad fats with good fats. Studies show that good fats can help lower your total cholesterol level. Omega-3 fatty acids have good health benefits. They can decrease your risk of heart attack and inflammation.

Monounsaturated fats are found in canola, olive, and peanut oils. They are in a variety of nut oils and butters. Avocados, legumes (beans and peas), and seeds also contain these fats.

Polyunsaturated fats are found in vegetable oils like corn, sunflower, and safflower oil. They are in soybeans, legumes, grains, and nuts. Several seeds, like sesame and sunflower, also contain these fats.

Omega-3 fatty acids are usually found in seafood. This includes salmon, herring, sardines, and mackerel. Flaxseeds, flaxseed oil, and walnuts also contain omega-3s…”

The Critical Differences Between Omega-3 Fats From Plants and Marine Animals 2.3K September 11, 2016 • 267,067 views articles.mercola.com
“.. Both plant- and animal-based omega-3 have their first double-bond in the third position — hence the name “omega-3.” However, the length of the carbon chain of each omega-3 fat makes a significant difference when it comes to bioavailability and biological effect.

Marine animal-based omega-3 (fatty fish, fish oil and krill oil) primarily contain docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a long-chained PUFA consisting of 22 carbons and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which has 20 carbons.
Plant-based omega-3 (found in flaxseed, flaxseed oil, chia seeds, walnuts and leafy greens, for example) contain alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), a shorter-chained PUFA consisting of 18 carbons. They are completely devoid of DHA and EPA.
..”

* (video) ALA (more of a source of energy is not as important to supplement, absorbs fast;, DHA is mostly in your brain already
*carbs are “dirty fuel”, while “fats” are “clean fuel”; don’t need high protein diet; we don’t need that many grains (food pyramid is false), interminent fasting is important (benefits : increase human growth hormone-longevity)…

*see Health: Benefits of “Fasting”? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

, spread 8 hours eating; curcumin (Tumeric) great brain food (increase serotonin), etc…

<bSugars
*see Health: Alternatives to “processed” sugar for your “sweet tooth”? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Health: Alternatives to “processed” sugar for your “sweet tooth”? healthyeating.sfgate.com
“…Sugars and other carbohydrates can play a role in a healthy, balanced diet, but not all sugars have an equal impact. The difference in good and bad sugar lies less in the sugars themselves than in how they’re consumed, and how quickly they cause your blood glucose levels to rise. As a rule “good” sugars come in healthy whole foods, while “bad” sugars come in highly refined, processed foods…”

*see Health: How to “fight” Diabetes? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Foods to build “Stronger” Bones
*see Health: How to deal with arthritis as one ages? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

*see Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 2~Vitamins=Fat Soluble : D & K!

Special Diets for Particular Populations

Obesity
*see Health & Fitness: Trying to lose weight? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Eating Disorders
*see Health: How to “fight” Eating Disorders? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Pregnant Women
*see Health & Fitness: Tips for Pregnant Women goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Vegetarians & Vegan

*see Health: Vegetarian-Vegan Diet Needs? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com/

Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 3~Vitamins=Major Minerals & Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 4~Vitamins=Trace Minerals goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Children
*see Health & Fitness: How Can Children Have An “Active” Lifestyle? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Elderly
*see Health & Fitness: How to get more “energy” for the Elderly? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Calculations

-Calorie Calculator

MyPlate Calorie Tracker and Fitness Program | LIVESTRONG.COM

Follow us on IG or Instagram #healthfitnesslifeguy
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Good News Health
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Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 4~Vitamins=Trace Minerals

Trace Minerals innerbody.com

“..

The minerals that the body requires in amounts less than 100 milligrams per day are referred to as trace minerals. They are chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium and zinc. Because iron metabolism is the most complicated of the nine, it will be discussed in greater detail.

Iron

Functions:
Carries oxygen throughout the body
Assists in energy metabolism and other enzyme-mediated chemical reactions
Supports immune function
Involved in the production of neurotransmitters, chemicals that carry messages between nerve cells
Participates in the development of the brain and nervous system
Recommended Intakes of Iron: The RDA for men and postmenopausal women is 8 mg. Because of their monthly blood losses, the RDA for premenopausal women jumps to 18 mg. The RDA during pregnancy jumps even more to 27 milligrams to provide adequate iron stores for the infant. If the mother’s iron status is poor, the baby will not have enough stored iron to last the first six months of life.

*see Health & Fitness: Tips for Pregnant Women goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

“..
Chicken livers on a cutting boardSources of Iron: Iron has two types: heme and non-heme. Heme iron is only present in animal flesh. Beef, liver, clams and oysters are excellent sources of iron. Additional sources are poultry, fish and pork. Non-heme iron can be found naturally in tofu, legumes, spinach, raisins, and other plant foods. It is the form of iron used in fortified and enriched foods such as breakfast cereals, bread and pasta. As an excess of iron is highly toxic, the human body tightly regulates the amount of iron it absorbs. Depending on the body’s need for iron, we absorb approximately 15 to 35% of the heme iron we ingest, but significantly less of the non-heme iron. Eating meats including fish and poultry and vitamin C-rich foods enhances the absorption of non-heme iron. Thus, you will absorb more iron from legumes, for example, if when you eat them, you also eat fresh tomatoes or an orange…”

Top 10 Iron-Rich Foods draxe.com
“..It’s a primary component of two proteins: hemoglobin and myoglobin. Hemoglobin is the part of the red blood cell that carries oxygen to the body’s tissues. Myoglobin is the part of the muscle cells that hold oxygen…

Top 10 Healthy Iron-Rich Foods List

What foods are high in iron? There are many good sources of iron to choose from, but here are some of my favorite healthy foods rich in iron that definitely top the charts:

1. Spirulina: 1 ounce: 8 milligrams of iron (44 percent DV)

Spirulina is a blue-green algae renowned for its intense flavor and even more powerful nutrition profile. Just one ounce almost provides half of typical iron requirements. When it comes to vegetarian, non-heme sources of iron, spirulina is a superstar without a doubt. It’s also rich in essential amino acids, iron, protein, B vitamins, and vitamins C, D and E.

2) Liver: 3 ounces of organic beef liver: 4.05 milligrams of iron (22.5 percent DV)

When it comes to foods with iron, specifically heme iron (the more easily absorbable form), liver definitely tops the list. If you struggle with any type of anemia — a clear sign of an iron deficiency — this is probably the best food to consume in the world because it contains iron as well as folate and vitamin B12. These are the three vitamins and minerals you need in order to overcome anemia naturally.

3) Grass-Fed Beef: One lean grass-fed strip steak (214 grams): 4 milligrams of iron (22 percent DV)

Grass-fed beef is another awesome meat source of heme iron as well as many other key nutrients. It’s definitely one of my personal favorites when it comes to iron-rich foods. In addition to iron, grass-fed beef is also higher in precursors for vitamin A and E, along with cancer-fighting antioxidants, compared to grain-fed beef. (2)

4) Lentils: ½ cup: 3.3 milligrams of iron (20.4 percent DV)

Lentils are legumes that have a really impressive amount of non-heme iron per serving. Aside from their high supply of nutrients, what’s another benefit of including protein-packed lentils in your diet regularly? They’re really cheap and very versatile.

5) Dark Chocolate: 1 ounce: 3.3 milligrams iron (19 percent DV)

When you buy high-quality dark chocolate, you not only satisfy your sweet tooth — you also give your body a significant dose of iron. All you need is one ounce to fulfill almost 20 percent of your daily iron requirements. Now that’s one healthy dessert option!…

‘..When You Get Too Much or Too Little Iron: The UL for males and females aged 14 and above is 45 mg. It is 40 mg for younger individuals. Side effects of too much iron are gastrointestinal and include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and constipation. Accidental overdose of multivitamin/mineral supplements or other iron-containing products is the leading cause of poisoning deaths among young children in the U.S. Immediate emergency medical care is critical because death can occur quickly. In addition to gastrointestinal symptoms, the child may experience rapid heartbeat, dizziness and confusion.

Hemochromatosis is a genetic defect that causes excessive iron absorption. Over time, iron can accumulate in and cause damage to various parts of the body. The result could be diabetes, liver cancer, cirrhosis of the liver and joint problems.

Iron deficiency is the most common nutrient deficiency throughout the world. In the U.S., individuals experiencing rapid growth or blood losses are at increased risk for deficiency. These include young children over 6 months of age, adolescents, menstruating women and pregnant women. Because they consume no heme iron, vegetarians are also at increased risk. Iron deficiency results in anemia

*see Medical: How to “fight” Myelodysplasia & Other Blood Cells related Issues goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

“.. with symptoms ranging from fatigue to rapid heart rate to decreased tolerance to cold to decreased athletic performance. Pica, the eating of clay, paper, ice and other non-food items, especially during pregnancy, may also be a symptom of iron deficiency…”

Chromium: Chromium enhances the effects of insulin, and may thus, play a role in the development of glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes. Whole grains, brewer’s yeast, nuts and dark chocolate are sources of chromium. Clinical assessment of chromium status is difficult. …

What Is Chromium? Chromium Controls Blood Sugar – Dr. Axe draxe.com

‘…Health Benefits of Chromium
1. Helps Control Blood Sugar and Prevent Diabetes

Chromium can help enhance the role of insulin, the critical hormone that controls blood sugar and helps bring glucose into cells where it’s used for bodily energy. Chromium also supports a healthy metabolism and storage of nutrients throughout the body, since it can help you better absorb and distribute nutrients from carbohydrates, fats and proteins found in the foods you eat….

Best Food Sources of Chromium…

“..

Broccoli — 1 cup cooked: 22 micrograms (88 percent DV)

Grapes/Grape Juice (pure, unsweetened) – 1 cup juice: 8 micrograms (32 percent DV)
Potatoes — 1 cup: 3 micrograms (12 percent DV)
Garlic — 1 teaspoon: 3 micrograms (12 percent DV)
Basil — 1 tablespoon: 2 micrograms (8 percent DV)
Grass-Fed Beef — 3 oz: 2 micrograms (8 percent DV)
Oranges/Orange Juice (pure, unsweetened) — 1 cup: 2 micrograms (8 percent DV)
Turkey — 3 oz: 2 micrograms (8 percent DV)
Green Beans — 1 cup cooked: 2 micrograms (8 percent DV)
Red Wine — 5 ounces: (varies widely) 1–13 micrograms (4–52 percent DV)
Apples — 1 medium: 1 micrograms (4 percent DV)
Bananas — 1 medium: 1 micrograms (4 percent DV)
..”

“…
Copper: Copper assists with the transport of iron. Rich sources of copper include liver, shellfish, legumes, nuts and seeds. Deficiencies or excesses of copper are rare in healthy people…

Top 10 Copper Rich Foods draxe.com
“..A deficiency in copper results in poorly formed red blood cells, known as anemia. It also is an antioxidant, helping with the elimination of free radicals.

Copper deficiency symptoms can include increased parasitic infections, weakness from anemia and leaky gut.

Copper must stay in balance with zinc and iron in the body as well and if you consume too much of one it can throw the others out of balance.

The RDA for copper is 900 mcg/day. The Daily Value is 2 mg….

Top 10 Copper Rich Foods List

1) Beef liver
3 oz: 14 mg (over 100% DV)

2) Sunflower seeds
¼ cup: 0.63 mg (31% DV)

3) Lentils
1 cup: 0.5mg (25% DV)

4) Almonds
¼ cup: 0.4 mg (20% DV)

5) Dried apricots
1 cup: 0.69mg (34% DV)

6) Dark chocolate
1 square: 0.9 mg (45% DV)

7) Blackstrap molasses
2 tsp: 0.28 mg (14% DV)

8) Asparagus
1 cup: 0.25 (12% DV)

9) Mushrooms
1 cup: 0.43 mg (20% DV)

10) Turnip greens
1 cup, cooked: 0.36 (18% DV)..

Copper Health Benefits

Brain Health
High Copper foods stimulate higher-level thought processes and mental functioning. It has been called a “brain food” because it helps enable certain neural pathways that promote out of the box thinking. A lack of copper during growth may result in incomplete brain and nerve development.

Slows Aging
Copper is a powerful antioxidant that protects cells against free radical damage. It can help reduce the appearance of wrinkles, age spots, and even macular-degeneration.

Energy Maintenance
Copper plays a role in the synthesis of ATP, the primary molecule of energy storage in our bodies. Without adequate copper, the mitochondria (the cell’s energy producer) are unable to adequately produce ATP, leaving us feeling lethargic and tired. Also, copper helps us utilize iron properly, which helps reduce anemia that can also affect energy levels…”

Fluoride: Fluoride helps prevent dental caries. Nearly 99% of the body’s fluoride resides in the bones and teeth. The main source of fluoride is municipal water supplies that add fluoride to the water. Excess fluoride discolors and damages teeth…

*see Chemicals to Avoid that’s Causing Negative Health Effects goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
& Hygiene: Best Natural Oral (dental teeth) Cleaning Tips

Fluoride Benefits and Deficiency Symptoms | Foods containing … healthsupplementsnutritionalguide.com

“..Fluoride Foods

Fluoride is found in certain mouthwashes, and toothpastes and fluoridated water. It occurs naturally in the sea as sodium fluoride, so most seafood contains fluoride.

Foods high in fluoride are

· fluoridated water · seafood.

Other foods containing fluoride include · chicken · canned sardines (with bones) · fish · gelatin · grape juice · tea…”
Nutrition 101: Fluoride Posted Feb 27, 2014 by Carolyn Berry healthcastle.com

“…
Iodine: Iodine is a component of the thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolic rate and body temperature. Sources of iodine include saltwater fish, liver, legumes, potatoes, iodized salt and dairy products. Iodine deficiency inhibits the synthesis of thyroid hormones resulting in hypothyroidism and it’s typical problems including fatigue, weight gain and intolerance to cold. Inadequate iodine intake is fairly common in some parts of the word and may affect as much as 30% of the world’s population. In recent years, the use of iodized salt has decreased deficiency cases. Under different circumstances, excess iodine can cause either hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Both too little and too much iodine can cause goiter, an enlargement of the thyroid gland.

Are You Eating Enough Iodine-Rich Foods? draxe.com
“…One of the most widespread symptoms of iodine deficiency? Thyroid disorders. Thyroid function relies on proper levels of iodine, so too much (or too little) can cause many serious health problems. The thyroid is one of the body’s master glands responsible for balancing hormones, and thyroid disruption caused partially by a diet low in iodine-rich foods can create such negative reactions as fatigue, weight gain or loss, hormone imbalances, mood changes, and much more…

Why are more people experiencing iodine deficiency?

Several reasons might be to blame: a reduction in the amount of naturally iodine-rich foods in people’s diets (wild-caught fish, green vegetables and sea vegetables, for example), a higher exposure rate to certain chemicals found in processed foods that reduce iodine absorption (especially the compound called bromine, found in many plastic containers and baked goods, for example), and a depletion in the amount of iodine found in soils…

Here are 12 of the best iodine foods, with percentages below based on the recommended dietary allowance for the average adult: (10)

Seaweed/Dried Kelp — 1 whole sheet dried: 19 to 2,984 micrograms (amounts vary widely — anywhere from 11 percent to 1,989 percent)
Cod (wild-caught) — 3 ounces: 99 micrograms (66 percent DV)

Yogurt (organic, grass-fed and ideally raw) — 1 cup: 75 micrograms (50 percent DV)
Raw Milk — 1 cup: 56 micrograms (37 percent DV)
Eggs — 1 large: 24 micrograms (16 percent DV)
Tuna — 1 can in oil/3 ounces: 17 micrograms (11 percent DV)
Lima beans — 1 cup cooked: 16 micrograms (10 percent DV)
Corn (organic) — 1/2 cup: 14 micrograms (9 percent DV)
Prunes — 5 prunes: 13 micrograms (9 percent DV)
Cheese (look for raw, unpasteurized) — 1 ounce: 12 micrograms (8 percent DV)
Green peas — 1 cup cooked: 6 micrograms (4 percent DV)
Bananas — 1 medium: 3 micrograms (2 percent DV)

..”

Manganese: Manganese is important in many enzyme-mediated chemical reactions including enzymes involved in the synthesis of cartilage in skin and bone. Tea and coffee are significant sources of manganese in the American diet. Additional sources are nuts, whole grains, legumes and some fruits and vegetables. Magnesium deficiency is rare. Toxicity is also uncommon and is most frequently the result of exposure to airborne manganese dust. The UL for manganese is 11 mg per day.

Manganese — Encyclopedia of Food – Precision Nutrition precisionnutrition.com

“..Manganese has many functions in the body including:

Assisting the antioxidant enzymes of the mitochondria
Working enzymatically to assist carbohydrate, amino acid, and cholesterol metabolism
Assisting in the synthesis of proteoglycans.

Food Sources

Manganese can be found in several foods including:

Pineapple
Whole wheat
Oats
Pecans
Brown rice
Spinach
Almonds
Peanuts
Sweet potatoes
Beans
Green and black tea
Rye
Raspberries
Cloves.

..”

Top 10 Foods Highest in Manganese healthaliciousness.com
“..#1: Seafood (Mussels, Cooked)
Manganese 100g Per 3oz (85g) Per ounce (28g)
6.8mg (340% DV) 5.8mg (289% DV) 1.9mg (96% DV)
Other Seafood High in Manganese (%DV per 3oz cooked): Clams (43%), and Crayfish (22%). Click to see complete nutrition facts.

#2: Nuts (Hazelnuts)
Manganese 100g Per 2oz (56g) Per ounce (28g)
5.6mg (278% DV) 3.1mg (156% DV) 1.6mg (78% DV)
Other Nuts High in Manganese (%DV per ounce): Pecans (55%), Walnuts (48%), Macadamia (43%), Almonds (32%), Cashews (23%), and Pistachio (17%). Click to see complete nutrition facts.

#3: Seeds (Pumpkin)
Manganese 100g Per cup (129g) Per ounce (28g)
4.5mg (227% DV) 5.9mg (293% DV) 1.3mg (64% DV)
Other Seeds High in Manganese (%DV per ounce): Chia Seeds (38%), Sesame and Flaxseeds (35%), and Sunflower Seeds (30%). Click to see complete nutrition facts.

#4: Bread (Whole-Wheat)
Manganese 100g Per slice (28g) Per 2 slices (56g)
2.1mg (107% DV) 0.7mg (35% DV) 1.4mg (70% DV)
Other Breads High in Manganese (%DV per piece): Whole-Wheat English Muffin (59%), Whole-Wheat Pita (56%), and Whole-Wheat Roll (32%). Click to see complete nutrition facts.

#5: Tofu (Firm, Raw)
Manganese 100g Per 1/2 cup (126g) Per 1/4 block (81g)
1.2mg (59% DV) 1.5mg (74% DV) 1.0mg (48% DV)
Tempeh is also High in Manganese (%DV per 1/2 cup): (54%). Click to see complete nutrition facts.

#6: Beans (Butter/Lima Beans, Cooked)
Manganese 100g Per cup (170g) Per 1/2 cup (85g)
1.3mg (63% DV) 2.1mg (106% DV) 1.1mg (53% DV)
Other Beans High in Manganese (%DV per cup cooked): Winged Beans (103%), Chickpeas (84%), Adzuki Beans (66%), White Beans (57%), Black-eyed Beans (47%), and Kidney Beans (42%). Click to see complete nutrition facts.

#7: Fish (Bass, Cooked)
Manganese 100g Per fillet (62g) Per 3oz (85g)
1.1mg (57% DV) 0.7mg (35% DV) 1.0mg (48% DV)
Other Fish High in Manganese (%DV per 3oz cooked): Trout (46%), Pike (44%), and Perch (38%). Click to see complete nutrition facts.

#8: Spinach (Cooked)
Manganese 100g Per cup (180g) Per 1/2 cup (90g)
0.9mg (47% DV) 1.7mg (84% DV) 0.8mg (42% DV)
Other Dark Green Leafy Vegetables High in Manganese (%DV per cup cooked): Frozen Spinach (68%), Amaranth Leaves (57%), Beet Greens (37%), Swiss Chard (29%), and Napa Cabbage (11%). Click to see complete nutrition facts.

#9: Whole Grains (Brown Rice)
Manganese 100g Per cup, Cooked (195g) Per 1/2 cup cooked (98g)
1.1mg (55% DV) 2.1mg (107% DV) 1.1mg (54% DV)
Other Grains High in Manganese (%DV per cup cooked): Teff (360%), Quinoa (58%), Buckwheat (34%). Click to see complete nutrition facts.

#10: Tea (Black, Brewed)
Manganese 100g Per cup (237g) Per fluid ounce (30g)
0.2mg (11% DV) 0.5mg (26% DV) 0.1mg (3% DV)
A cup of instant tea contains (47% DV). Click to see complete nutrition facts. ..”

Molybdenum: Molybdenum assists several enzymes including one required for the metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids. Peas, legumes and some breakfast cereals supply molybdenum. Both molybdenum deficiency and toxicity are rare. High doses of molybdenum, however, inhibit copper absorption.

Foods High in Molybdenum (81st – 100th) (per 100 g edible portion) wholefoodcatalog.info

“..

Sekihan
Sekihan
43 μg
Yaki-onigiri
Yaki-onigiri
43 μg
Curry powder
Curry powder
42 μg
Pumpkin seed (roasted and salted)
Pumpkin seed (roasted and salted)
42 μg
Red pepper (ground)

Red pepper (ground)
41 μg
Scarlet runner bean (whole, dried, raw)
Scarlet runner bean (whole, dried, raw)
41 μg
Soybean, Tofu (momen-tofu)
Soybean, Tofu (momen-tofu)
41 μg
Soybean, Whole bean (china, dried, raw)
Soybean, Whole bean (china, dried, raw)
41 μg
Shoyu, Soy sauce (usukuchi-shoyu)
Shoyu, Soy sauce (usukuchi-shoyu)
40 μg
Parsley (leaves, raw)
Parsley (leaves, raw)
39 μg
..”

Selenium: Selenium is required for immune function and for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Additionally, this mineral assists enzymes in protecting cell membranes from damage. Depending upon the soil in which they are grown, Brazil nuts are one of the richest sources of selenium. Organ meats, seafood, other meats and whole grains are additional sources. Low selenium intake may decrease an individual’s ability to fight viral infections. Some research also links low intakes to some cancers. Toxicity causes brittle hair and nails and is most likely to occur with supplements.

Top 10 Foods High in Selenium draxe.com
“..Selenium is a trace mineral that works in conjunction with vitamin E to help prevent oxidative damage in the body…

Selenium also helps iodine regulate metabolism and selenium helps recycle vitamin C in the body improving overall cellular protection.

Selenium works as powerful anti-oxidant and is required for your body to create glutathione your bodies master antioxidant.

For this reason, consuming foods high in selenium can support detoxification and take stress off the organs like the liver and thyroid…

*see 9 Ways to Boost Glutathione draxe.com
“…What Is Glutathione?

Glutathione (GSH) is a peptide consisting of three key amino acids that plays several vital roles in the body. Longevity researchers believe that it is so pivotal to our health that the level of GSH in our cells is becoming a predictor of how long we will live! (2, 3, 4)..”

“..

Selenium deficiency symptoms include:

Top 10 Foods High in Selenium

1) Brazil nuts
1 oz (6-8 nuts): 544 mcg (over 100% DV)

2) Yellowfin tuna
3 oz: 92 mcg (over 100% DV)

3) Halibut, cooked
3 oz: 47mcg (67% DV)

4) Sardines, canned
3 oz: 45mcg (64% DV)

5) Grass-fed beef
3 oz: 33 mcg (47% DV)

6) Turkey, boneless
3 oz: 31 mcg (44% DV)

7) Beef liver
3 oz: 28 mcg (40% DV)

8) Chicken
3 oz: 22 mcg (31% DV)

9) Egg
1 large, 15 mcg (21% DV)

10) Spinach
1 cup: 11 mcg (16% DV)..”

Zinc: Zinc is critical for normal growth and sexual maturation. It plays a role in the immune system and is important to the proper function of at least 70 enzymes including one that helps protect cells from damage. Oysters, beef and clams are rich sources of absorbable zinc. Whole grains also contain zinc, but it is less available for absorption. Zinc deficiency causes delayed growth and sexual development, decreased immune function, altered sense of taste, hair loss and gastrointestinal distress. Zinc deficiency is uncommon in healthy people in the U.S. It is more common among populations that consume cereals as their primary source of nutrition. Zinc toxicity is rare.”

Top 10 Foods High in Zinc draxe.com
“.. Zinc benefits come from its presence within all bodily tissue — it’s needed for healthy cell division, and it acts like an antioxidant, fighting free radical damage and slowing the aging process. ..
*see Longevity: How to “slow” the aging process? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

“…

Top 10 Foods High in Zinc

Consume two to three servings of these zinc foods daily to support optimal zinc levels.

1. Lamb: 3 ounces: 6.7 milligrams (45 percent DV)

Lamb is a rich source of many vitamins minerals. In addition to zinc, lamb contains vitamin B12, riboflavin, selenium, niacin, phosphorus and iron. (1)

2. Pumpkin Seeds: 1 cup: 6.6 milligrams (44 percent DV)

Pumpkin seeds and pumpkin seed oil are able to reduce the risk of breast cancer in post-menopausal women, according to research published in Nutrition and Cancer. (2) Pumpkin seeds are also good for prostate health, and they promote your mental health.

3. Grass-Fed Beef: 100 grams: 4.5 milligrams (30 percent DV)

Grass-fed beef nutrition includes omega-3 fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid, a powerful polyunsaturated fatty acid that has been shown to help fight cancer, reduce the risk of heart disease, improve blood sugar, discourage weight gain and build muscle. (3)

4. Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans): 1 cup: 2.5 milligras (17 percent DV)

Chickpeas, like all legumes, are a form of complex carbohydrates that the body is able to slowly digest and use for energy. Chickpeas increase satiety and help with weight loss. (4) They also improve digestion by quickly moving foods through the digestive tract.

5. Cocoa Powder: 1 ounce: 1.9 milligrams (13 percent DV)

Cocoa powder is a good source of two flavonoids, epicatechin and catechin, which function as antioxidants that help prevent inflammation and disease. Because of the presence of flavonoids in cocoa powder, it helps improve blood flow and lower blood pressure too. (5)

6. Cashews: 1 ounce: 1.6 milligrams (11 percent DV)

Cashews are rich in unsaturated fatty acids and high in protein. Cashews nutrition helps fight heart disease, reduce inflammation, promote bone health and support healthy brain function. Plus, these nuts help with weight loss or maintenance because they make you feel fuller and curb food cravings. (6)

7. Kefir or Yogurt: 1 cup: 1.4 milligrams (10 percent DV) (values vary)

Kefir and yogurt are cultured dairy products that serve as probiotic foods. Both kefir and probiotic yogurt support healthy digestion, boost the immune system, promote cardiovascular health and regulate your mood. (7)

8. Mushrooms: 1 cup: 1.4 milligrams (9 percent DV)

Proven mushroom nutrition benefits include the ability to boost immunity due to its antioxidant activities, reduce inflammation, fight cancer, protect your heart and improve brain function. (8)

9. Spinach: 1 cup: 1.4 milligrams (9 percent DV)

Spinach is one of the most nutrient-dense foods in existence. It contains special protective carotenoids that have been linked with decreasing the risk of many diseases, including heart disease, obesity, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases and even cancer. (9)

10. Chicken: 100 grams: 1 milligram (7 percent DV)

In addition to the zinc present in chicken, it’s also a good source of B vitamins, including vitamin B12, niacin, vitamin B6 and pantothenic acid. The vitamin B12 in chicken helps maintain energy levels, boost mood, maintain heart health and boost skin health. (10)..”

Trace Elements

Biology Professor
Published on Sep 10, 2015
In this video, Biology Professor discusses trace elements, those elements needed only in small quantities in living organisms.

Essential Elements and Trace Elements

*see <= Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 1~Vitamins=Water Soluble , Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 2~Vitamins=Fat Soluble & Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 3~Vitamins=Major Minerals

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“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”

Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 3~Vitamins=Major Minerals

Major
Minerals
innerbody.com
“…

Major minerals are the ones that the body requires in amounts of at least 100 milligrams per day. They are sodium, potassium, chloride, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and sulfur. The first four are included in the discussion of fluid and electrolytes.

Calcium
Functions:
Major component of bones and teeth
Required for muscle contraction
Required for nerve transmission
Plays a role in cellular metabolism
Aids blood clotting
Recommended Intakes of Calcium: The AI for adults aged 19 to 50 is 1000 mg. Because calcium is so critical to preventing bone disease later in life, the AI is higher for adolescents and teens since they can still build bone mass. The AI for males and females aged nine to 18 is 1300 milligrams. For those aged 51 and older, the AI is 1200.
An opened can of sardinesSources of Calcium: Americans get about half of their calcium from dairy foods. Chinese cabbage, kale and turnip greens contain absorbable calcium. Spinach and some other vegetables contain calcium that is poorly absorbed. Sardines and other canned fish with bones are additional sources. Some foods such as orange juice and bread are fortified with calcium, and some tofu is processed with calcium making it another source of this mineral.
..

Top 10 Calcium Rich Foods draxe.com
“…Top 10 Calcium Rich Foods

1) Raw Milk
1 cup: 300 mg (30% DV)

2) Kale (cooked)
1 cup: 245 mg (24% DV)

3) Sardines (with bones)
2 ounces: 217 mg (21% DV)

4) Yogurt or Kefir
6 oz: 300 mg (30% DV)

5) Broccoli
1 ½ cup cooked: 93 mg (9% DV)

6) Watercress
1 cup: 41 mg (4% DV)

7) Cheese
1 oz: 224 mg (22% DV)

8) Bok Choy
1 cup:74 mg (7% DV)

9) Okra
1 cup: 82 mg (8% DV)

10) Almonds
1 oz: 76 mg (8% DV)..”

“..When You Get Too Much or Too Little Calcium: The UL for calcium is 2,500 milligrams. Excess calcium may cause mineral imbalances because it interferes with the absorption of iron, magnesium, zinc and others. Too little calcium causes osteoporosis. Some research connects low calcium intake to increased risks of high blood pressure, colon cancer and preeclampsia (high blood pressure and excess protein in the urine of a woman more than 20 weeks pregnant)…”

“..Magnesium

Functions:
Assists enzymes in more than 300 chemical reactions in the body
Supports cellular activity
Participates in muscle contraction
Aids blood clotting
A component of bone

Recommended Intakes of Magnesium: The RDA for men and women aged 19 to 30 years is 400 and 310 milligrams per day, respectively. For older adults, the RDA bumps up to 420 milligrams and 320 milligrams for men and women, respectively.
Sources of Magnesium: Leafy greens, potatoes, whole grains, nuts, seeds and legumes are good sources of magnesium…”

Top 10 Magnesium Rich Foods Plus Proven Benefits draxe.com
“..Magnesium-rich foods are essential for cellular health and over 300 biochemical functions in the body. Unfortunately, around 80 percent of American’s may have a magnesium deficiency, and the majority of them don’t even know it!..

Some of the major functions that require magnesium are:

Protein synthesis
Nerve function
Blood sugar control
Neurotransmitter release
Blood pressure regulation
Energy metabolism
Production of the antioxidant glutathione
..

Top 10 Magnesium Rich Foods

Green leafy vegetables aren’t the only foods rich in magnesium and chlorophyll. Here are the top 10 foods high in magnesium that you will want to add into your diet.

(Men RDA 400 milligrams and Women RDA 310 milligrams a day)

Spinach — 1 cup: 157 milligrams (40% DV)

Chard — 1 cup: 154 milligrams (38% DV)
Pumpkin seeds — 1/8 cup: 92 milligrams (23% DV)
Yogurt or Kefir — 1 cup: 50 milligrams (13% DV)
Almonds — 1 ounce: 80 milligrams (20% DV)
Black Beans — ½ cup: 60 milligrams (15% DV)
Avocado — 1 medium: 58 milligrams (15% DV)
Figs — ½ cup: 50 milligrams (13% DV)
Dark Chocolate — 1 square: 95 milligrams (24% DV)
Banana — 1 medium: 32 milligrams (8% DV)

Other foods that are also high in magnesium include: salmon, coriander, cashews, goat cheese and artichokes…”

“..UL for magnesium is 350 milligrams from supplements or medicines because it may cause diarrhea. Severe toxicity may cause confusion, loss of kidney function, difficulty breathing and cardiac arrest. Individuals with kidney Doctor taking a patient’s blood pressuredisease are at higher risk for magnesium toxicity. Overt symptoms of magnesium deficiency in healthy people are rare. However, a magnesium deficiency can occur in individuals with kidney disease, alcoholism or prolonged diarrhea. Early signs of poor magnesium status are loss of appetite and weakness. Later signs are muscle cramps, irritability, confusion and cardiac abnormalities. Many people consume suboptimal amounts of magnesium, and low magnesium stores may be related to increased risk of cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and immune dysfunction…”
*see Medical: Benefits Soaking Feet in Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com/

“..Sulfur

Functions:
Helps maintain acid-base balance
Assists in some of the liver’s drug-detoxifying pathways
A component of some vitamins and amino acids
Recommended Intakes of Sulfur: There is no Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) for sulfur
Sources of Sulfur: Since sulfur is a component of amino acids, protein-rich foods are good sources of sulfur…”

The Benefits of Sulfur — Why You Need Epsom Salt, Broccoli and MSM articles.mercola.com
“..Sulfur-Rich Vegetables

Fibrous, non-leafy vegetables are rich in sulfur. Examples include:

Cruciferous veggies7 such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, mustard greens and bok choy
Alliums such as onions, shallots, garlic and leeks
Edible stalks and stems such as celery, fennel and asparagus

Cruciferous vegetables have become well known for their anti-cancer properties, and the organosulfur compound sulforaphane is one of the primary compounds responsible for this effect. As noted by The World’s Healthiest Foods:8…

Other Sulfur-Rich Foods

Other foods that are high in sulfur include:

Protein-rich animal products such as organic pastured egg yolks, grass-fed beef, organic pastured chicken and wild-caught fish
Nuts such as walnuts, almonds and cashews
Seeds such as sesame seeds and sunflower seeds
Dairy products such as milk, cheese and sour cream (ideally from organic grass-fed cows)
Certain fruits: coconut, bananas, pineapple and watermelon
..”

Sulfur and Sulfite Rich Foods, Sulfur Burps – Nutrients Review nutrientsreview.com

“…You can get all the required sulfur from the sulfur-containing amino acids cysteine and methionine [1], cystine, homocystine, homocysteine and taurine. Other sources of dietary sulfur include vitamins B1 (thiamin) and B7 (biotin), methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), inorganic sulfate in foods, drinking water and other beverages.
Chart 1. Foods High in Sulfur
PLANT FOODS Sulfur (mg)
Tea (1 cup, 237 mL) 430
Cocoa drink (1 cup, 237 mL) 400
Carrageenan, dried (1 tsp, 5 g) 270
Peaches, dried (100 g) 240
Apricots, dried (100 g) 170

Barley (100 g) 120
Coffee (100 mL) 110
Peanuts (1 oz, 28 g) 110
ANIMAL FOODS
Duck (3 oz, 85 g) 340

Shellfish (3 oz, 85 g) 230-340
Beef (3 oz, 85 g) 170-300
Poultry: chicken, turkey, goose (3 oz, 85 g) 200-280
Beef liver (3 oz, 85 g) 230
Fish (3 oz, 85 g) 110-210
Cheese (2 oz, 57 g) 130-190
Egg (50 g) 180
Lamb, mutton (3 oz, 85 g) 140-170
Sausage (3 oz, 85 g) 70-150..

“..When You Get Too Much or Too Little Sulfur: There are no known deficiency or toxicity symptoms…”

Micronutrients – Vitamins and Minerals – YouTube

Macrominerals: The Seven Major Minerals of Human … – YouTube

Major Minerals – YouTube

*see <= Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 1~Vitamins=Water Soluble & Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 2~Vitamins=Fat Soluble Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 4~Vitamins=Trace Minerals goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

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“Disclaimer: No part of this site is intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Nothing on this site is to be construed as medical advice; the authors are not doctors. Please discuss your personal health, including any options or ideas you may read on the internet (on this site or others) with your personal, qualified health practitioner before making changes to your diet or adjusting/discontinuing any medication. We are not responsible for any adverse outcomes associated with using or misconstruing advice or information on this site. THANK YOU for stopping at our site! May you find what your looking for and “God speed” to good health and prosperity!”
Ma

Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 2~Vitamins=Fat Soluble

Fat-soluble vitamins innerbody.com
“..Fat-soluble vitamins accumulate in the liver and fat tissues. These reserves may be released when dietary intakes are low. There is research, however, suggesting that blood levels of vitamin D may be low even in the presence of significant storage in the fat…

Vitamin A – Retinol, Retinal, Retinoic Acid, Provitamin A – Carotenoids

Functions:
Required for night vision and color vision
Needed for cell differentiation
Supports immune function
Aids both male and female reproductive processes
Required for bone health
Additional Functions of Carotenoids: Research is mounting that carotenoids have health benefits. For example, lutein and zeaxanthin may protect the eye from cataracts and age-related macular degeneration. Lycopene, crytoxanthin, beta-carotene and alpha-carotene might be cancer-protective.
Recommended Intakes of Vitamin A: The RDA for males and females aged 14 years and older is 900 and 700 micrograms, respectively.
Egg yolk sitting in a half of an egg shellSources of Vitamin A: Sources for preformed vitamin A come from animal foods only. They include liver, egg yolks and whole milk. Carotenoids are precursors to vitamin A. Sources of these precursors, referred to as provitamin A, include broccoli, spinach, carrots, sweet potatoes, cantaloupe, peaches and other dark green and yellow/orange fruits and vegetables…

Top 10 Vitamin A Foods draxe.com
“..Vitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin that has a critical role in maintaining healthy vision, neurological function and healthy skin…

Top 10 Vitamin A Foods

1) Beef Liver
3 ounces: 14,363 IU (almost 3x the DV)

2) Carrots
1 cup raw sliced: 21,384(over 100% DV)

3) Sweet potato
1 whole: 18,443 IU (over 100% DV)

4) Kale
1 cup, chopped: 6693 IU (over 100% DV)

5) Spinach
1 cup raw: 2813 IU (56% DV)

6) Apricots
1 fruit: 674 IU (13% DV)

7) Broccoli
1 cup raw: 567 IU (11% DV)

8) Butter
1 Tbsp: 355 IU (7% DV)

9) Eggs
1 extra-large: 302 IU (6% DV)

10) Winter squash
1 cup, cubes: 514 IU (10% SV)..”

“…When You Get Too Much or Too Little Vitamin A: The UL for vitamin A is 3000 micrograms. Excess preformed vitamin A can cause birth defects including cleft palate and spontaneous abortions. Pregnant women should not take supplements or medications containing preformed vitamin A (retinol). Instead they should use pre-natal supplements that have beta-carotene as the vitamin A source. High doses of vitamin A are also linked to increased hip fractures in older women. Excess beta-carotene can cause carotenodermia, a harmless condition that turns the skin yellowish in color. Even though beta-carotene is an antioxidant, supplements may increase the risk of lung cancer among smokers. Too little vitamin A may cause night blindness and even permanent blindness, increased infections, impaired growth and reproductive function…

Vitamin D – Cholecalciferol


*see Health: Vitamins-How Important is Vitamin D? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com


Functions:
Regulated blood calcium levels
Supports bone health
Recommended Intakes of Vitamin D: The AI for males and females aged 1 to 70 is 600 IU (International Units). After age 70, the AI jumps to 800 IU.
Two salmon steaks with a lemon wedge garnishSources of Vitamin D: The best source of vitamin D is sunlight. Ultra violet light triggers the synthesis of vitamin D in your skin. With increased use of sunscreen and fewer work hours and leisure time outdoors, many people do not synthesize adequate vitamin D. There are few food sources of naturally occurring vitamin D. They include fatty fish such as salmon and tuna, egg yolks, beef liver and some mushrooms. Fortified milk, orange juice, breakfast cereals and other foods are additional sources…

Top 10 Vitamin D Rich Foods draxe.com

“..Top 10 Vitamin D Rich Foods

1) Sunlight
Promotes vitamin D synthesis from cholesterol in the skin.

2) Cod liver oil
1 tsp: 440 IU (over 100% DV)

3) Sardines
3 ounces: 164 IU (41% DV)

4) Salmon
3 ounces: 400 IU (100% DV)

5) Mackerel
3 ounces: 400 IU (100% DV)

6) Tuna
3 ounces: 228 IU (57% DV)

7) Raw Milk
1 cup: 98 IU (24% DV)

8) Caviar
1 oz: 33 IU (8% DV)

9) Eggs
1 large: 41 IU (10% DV)

10) Mushrooms
1 cup: 2 IU (1% DV)..”

“..When You Get Too Much or Too Little Vitamin D: The UL for adults and children aged 9 and older is 4,000 IU. Excess vitamin D can cause hypercalcemia, dangerously high levels of calcium in the blood. Hypercalcemia can cause bone loss and kidney stones. It may also affect the nervous system, heart, lungs, kidneys and blood vessels. Vitamin D deficiency results in weak bones. In children, this is called rickets and is characterized by bowlegs and other skeletal deficiencies. In adults, low vitamin D levels cause osteomalacia and osteoporosis, which lead to an increased risk of bone fractures. Researchers are studying vitamin D for it’s potential role in the prevention of certain cancers and autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis and Crohn’s disease. It is possible that low vitamin D could increase the risk of developing one of these diseases…”
*see Health: How to repair and deal with “loss” cartilage? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

“..

Vitamin E – Tocopherol

Functions. Protects cell membranes from oxidation
Recommended Intakes of Vitamin E: The RDA for men and women is 19 mg.
Sources of Vitamin E: Seeds, nuts, vegetable oils and fortified breakfast cereals are among the best sources of vitamin E…”

Top 10 Vitamin E Rich Foods draxe.com
“..Top 10 Vitamin E Rich Foods List

1) Almonds
1 oz: 7.3 mg (27% DV)

2) Spinach
1 bunch: 6.9 mg (26% DV)

3) Sweet Potato
1 Tbsp: 4.2 mg (15% DV)

4) Avocado
1 whole: 2.7 mg (10% DV)

5) Wheat germ
1 ounce: 4.5 mg (17% DV)

6) Sunflower seeds
2 Tbsp: 4.2 mg (15% DV)

7) Palm Oil
1 Tbsp: 2.2 mg (11% DV)

8) Butternut squash
1 cup, cubed: 2 mg (7% DV)

9) Trout
3 oz: 2 mg (7% DV)

10) Olive oil
1 Tbsp: 2 mg (7% DV)..”

“..
When You Get Too Much or Too Little Vitamin E: Vitamin E is relatively nontoxic, but large doses from supplements may interfere with blood clotting. The UL is 1,000 mg of supplemental vitamin E, however, some studies have shown increased mortality with lower doses. Vitamin E deficiency is rare in healthy people. It manifests as hemolytic anemia, the early destruction of red blood cells because of the lack of vitamin E to protect them from oxidation…’

*see Medical: How to “fight” Myelodysplasia & Other Blood Cells related Issues goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

‘..Vitamin K – Phylloquinone, Menaquinones

Functions:
Assists in blood clotting
Aids bone formation
Recommended Intakes of Vitamin K: The AI (Adequate Intake) for men is 120 micrograms and 90 micrograms for women.
Small pile of Brussels sproutsSources of Vitamin K: Animal foods contain little vitamin K. Good sources include Brussels sprouts, broccoli, spinach and other leafy green vegetables, black-eyed peas and soybeans. We get additional vitamin K from the normal bacteria thriving in our colons…”

Top 10 Vitamin K Rich Foods draxe.com
“..There are two types of vitamin K we have in our diet, vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K1 is found in vegetables where vitamin K2 also called menaquinone is found in dairy products and produced by the bacteria in your gut…

Top 10 Vitamin K Rich Foods List

1) Green Leafy Vegetables (Kale)
½ c: 444 mcg (over 100% DV)

2) Natto (fermented soy)
2 oz: 500 mcg (over 100% DV)

3) Spring onions (Scallions)
½ c: 103 mcg (over 100% DV)

4) Brussels Sprouts
½ c: 78 mcg (98% DV)

5)Cabbage
½ cup: 82 mcg (over 100% DV)

6) Broccoli
½ c: 46 mcg (58% DV)

7) Dairy (fermented)
½ c: 10 mcg (10% DV)

8) Prunes
½ c: 52 mcg (65% DV)

9) Cucumbers
1 medium: 49 mcg (61% DV)

10) Dried basil
1 Tbsp: 36 mcg (45% DV)..”

‘..When You Get Too Much or Too Little Vitamin K: Both vitamin K toxicity and deficiency are rare. When present, a deficiency of vitamin K causes impaired blood clotting. Suboptimal intakes of vitamin K are linked to reduced bone density and increased risk of fractures…”
*see Health: Natural Remedies for that Heart Burn goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
&
Medical: What are parts of the Skeletal System? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Difference between Fat Soluble and Water Soluble Vitamins – YouTube

Fat soluble vitamins – YouTube

Fat Soluble Vitamins – YouTube

What Is The Role Of Fat Soluble Vitamins? – YouTube

*see <= Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 1~Vitamins=Water Soluble“> & Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 3~Vitamins=Major Minerals =>

Any other suggestions, feedback, comments, questions, etc..?

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Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 1~Vitamins=Water Soluble

Micronutrients | Learn All About Essential Vitamins & Minerals innerbody.com

“..Micronutrients are those nutrients we require in relatively small quantities. They are vitamins and minerals, and our good health requires them in milligram and microgram amounts. Recall that fats, carbohydrates and proteins are macronutrients, meaning that we require them in relatively large quantities. We consume the macronutrients in gram amounts. For example, we might have 200 grams of carbohydrate, 100 grams of protein and 50 grams of fat, yet only 18 mg of iron and 400 micrograms of folate.

Vitamins are carbon-containing molecules and are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble. They can be changed and inactivated by heat, oxygen, light and chemical processes. The amount of vitamins in a food depends on the growing conditions, processing, storage and cooking methods. Minerals do not contain carbon, and are not destroyed by heat or light. Unlike other nutrients, minerals are in their simplest chemical form. Minerals are elements. Whether found in bone, seashells, cast iron pots or the soil, they are they same as the minerals in our food and our bodies. The mineral content of plant foods varies with the soil content and the maturation of the plant…

Water-Soluble Vitamins
Fat-Soluble Vitamins
Major Minerals
Trace Minerals

1. Water-Soluble Vitamins

If you look to vitamins for a jolt of energy, you are looking in the wrong place – even if a supplement bottle says, “promotes energy,” or makes some other similar vague statement. Vitamins are not energy boosters. Many B vitamins do, however, participate in energy-yielding chemical reactions in the body. This is confusing because calorie is another word for energy. It’s clearer to say that B vitamins help the body get calories from food. While you’re unlikely to get more pep by taking vitamins, eating vitamin-rich foods will certainly help you maintain health….

Vitamin B1 – Thiamin

Functions: Assists in carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism
Recommended Intakes of Thiamin: Your thiamin needs are proportional to your energy or calorie needs. The more calories you consume, the greater your need for this vitamin. The beauty is that the more calories you consume, the more thiamin you automatically consume anyway. The RDA for adult women and men is 1.1 and 1.2 mg, respectively.
Sources of Thiamin: Though thiamin is found in most food groups, Americans get most of their thiamin from fortified breakfast cereals and enriched grains such as rice and pasta. Pork, beans and peas are additional sources….

Top 10 (Thiamine) Vitamin B1 Foods draxe.com
‘..Thiamine B1 deficiency is caused by consuming a diet low in animals products and overconsumption of alcohol.

The most common vitamin B1 deficiency symptoms include:

Chronic fatigue
Gut issues
Muscle wasting
Neurological degeneration
..
It also plays a role in healthy liver function and is needed for healthy skin, eyes, hair, and nails. Most foods are a good source of thiamine. The RDA for thiamine is 1.2 mg/day for men and 1.1 mg/day for women. The Daily Value is 1.5mg.

Check out these top 10 Vitamin B1 Foods.
Top 10 Vitamin B1 Foods

1) Green Peas
1 cup: 0.386 mg (26% DV)

2) Asparagus
1 cup: 0.19mg (13% DV)

3) Brussels Sprouts
1 cup: 0.122 mg (8% DV)

4) Sesame Seeds
2 Tbsp: 0.142 mg (9% DV)

5) Sunflower seeds
¼ cup: 0.17 mg (11% DV)

6) Pistachios
1 oz: 0.247 mg (16% DV)

7) Herring
1 filet: 0.105 mg (7% DV)

8) Crimini mushrooms
1 cup: 0.068 mg (4.5% DV)

9) Ground flaxseed
1 Tbsp: 0.115 mg (8% DV)

10) Spinach
1 bunch: 0.265 mg (18% DV)..”

When You Get Too Much or Too Little Thiamin:

“…Thiamin deficiency is not common in the U.S., however alcoholics and those who eat a junk food-heavy diet are at risk. A diet of highly processed, but unenriched foods provides ample calories with little thiamin. Additionally, alcohol contributes calories without providing good nutrition, and it interferes with thiamin absorption…”
*see Health-Neutral Perspective: Alcohol: Good and Bad? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Vitamin B2 – Riboflavin

Functions: Assists in carbohydrate and fat metabolism
Recommended Intakes of Riboflavin: The RDA for riboflavin also reflects energy needs with higher riboflavin intakes recommended for those whose calorie needs are higher. The RDA for adult women and men is 1.1 and 1.3 mg, respectively.

Sources of Riboflavin: Diary products, fortified cereals and enriched grains are major contributors of dietary riboflavin. Mushrooms and organ meats such as liver are additional sources…

Top 10 (Riboflavin) Vitamin B2 Rich Foods draxe.com
“..It may also help protect cells from oxidative damage.

Generally, riboflavin and thiamine deficiencies are seen together.

Vitamin B2 Deficiency symptoms include cracks in the corners of the mouth, sore throat, and hypersensitivity to light.

One of the most common side effects of vitamin B2 deficiency are migraine headaches…

Top 10 Vitamin B2 Rich Foods

1) Beef liver
3 oz: 2.9 mg (over 100% DV)

2) Lamb
3 oz: 3.9 mg (over 100% DV)

3) Milk
1 cup: 0.45 mg (26% DV)

4) Natural yogurt
1 cup: 0.57 (34% DV)

5) Mushrooms
½ cup: 0.23 mg (14% DV)

6) Spinach
½ c: 0.21 mg (12% DV)

7) Almonds
1 oz: 0.323 mg (19% DV)

8) Sun-dried tomatoes
1 cup: 0.285 mg (17% DV)

9) Salmon (wild)
3 oz: 0.135 mg (8% DV)

10) Eggs
1 large: 0.228 mg (13% DV)..”

Niacin – Nicotinamide, Nicotinic Acid

“..
Functions:
Assists in carbohydrate and fat metabolism
Helps with cell differentiation
Participates in DNA replication and repair
Recommended Intakes of Niacin: The RDA for adult women and men is 14 and 16 mg, respectively.
Sources of Niacin: Meat, poultry, fish, fortified breakfast cereals and enriched grains are good sources of niacin…”

Top 10 Vitamin B3 Niacin Foods draxe.com
“..Niacin also known as vitamin B3 is a water-soluble vitamin that is a part of the coenzymes that assist with energy metabolism. A niacin deficiency will lead to pellagra, a deadly disease characterized by diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis, poor concentration, anxiety and depression…

Top 10 Niacin Rich Foods

1) Turkey
1 breast: 101 mg (over 100% DV)

2) Chicken breast
3 oz: 8.9 mg (44% DV)

3) Peanuts
1 cup: 21.9 mg (over 100% DV)

4) Mushrooms
1 cup: 7.6 mg (34% DV)

5) Liver
1 slice: 11.9 mg (60% DV)

6) Tuna
3 oz: 11.3 mg (56% DV)

7) Green peas
1 cup: 3 mg (15% DV)

8) Grass-fed Beef
3oz: 7.6 mg (36% DV)

9) Sunflower seeds
1 cup: 3.8 mg (19% DV)

10) Avocado
1 whole fruit: 3.5 (17% DV)..”

Vitamin B6 – Pyridoxine, Pyridoxal, Pyridoxamine

“..

Functions:
Assists in protein and carbohydrate metabolism
Supports blood cell synthesis and neurotransmitter synthesis
Recommended Intakes of B6: Since B6 is important in protein metabolism, individuals with very high protein diets require increased B6. The RDA for men and women is 1.3 mg until age 51 when it increases to 1.7 mg per day for men and 1.5 mg per day for women.
A bowl of chickpeasSources of B6: Fortified breakfast cereals are especially good sources of vitamin B6. Other sources include bananas, chickpeas, white potatoes, sunflower seeds, beef and poultry…

Vitamin B6 Benefits, Deficiency & Sources draxe.com
“…Vitamin B6 helps the body to maintain a healthy nervous system, to make hemoglobin that carries oxygen in red blood cells throughout the body, to provide energy from the food that we eat, to balance blood sugar levels, to act as a natural pain treatment, to boost mood, and also to create antibodies that our immune system uses to protect us. Yes, it’s that vital…

The recommended amount of vitamin B6 for an average adult who is under the age of 50 is 1.3 milligrams. Normally, this amount is relatively easy to get from your diet, assuming you eat enough calories in general.

However, for vitamin B6 benefits, the intake recommendation jumps up as you get older, with experts recommending that adults over 50 get up to 1.7 milligram daily. The increase in vitamin B6 that is needed as someone ages makes older people more prone to experiencing a vitamin B6 deficiency….

Symptoms of Vitamin B6 Deficiency

..Although a deficiency is not very common, studies have linked a vitamin B6 deficiency with an increased risk for a range of different disorders and symptoms.

A vitamin B6 deficiency can overtime cause symptoms including:

Changes in mood, such as irritability, anxiety and depression
Confusion
Muscle pains
Low energy, or fatigue
Worsening of PMS symptoms
Worsening symptoms of anemia

Because vitamin B6 is so important for nerve function, a vitamin B6 deficiency is linked most commonly with neuropsychiatric disorders, including seizures, migraines, chronic pain and mood disorders like depression.

Other studies have indicated that poor vitamin B6 status is linked to an increased risk of heart disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Other research shows that vitamin B6 deficiency is more common among older people, with the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia increasing as someone ages and their level of vitamin B6 drops. (1)

Since they are at a higher risk for having a vitamin B6 deficiency, it’s recommended that older adults have their vitamin B6 levels tested by their doctor if they begin to lose their appetite, start generally eating less, lose weight or suffer from nutrient malabsorption for any reason…

Best Vitamin B6 Food Sources

Vitamin B6 can be found in high levels naturally in the following 13 foods (percentages based on 1.3 milligrams daily for adults under 50 years old):

Turkey Breast (3) — 3 ounces: 0.7 milligrams (53% DV)
Grass-Fed Beef (4) — 3 ounces beef tenderloin: 0.5 milligrams (38% DV)
Pistachio Nuts (5) — 1/4 cup: 0.5 milligrams (38% DV)
Tuna (6) — 1 3-ounce can: 0.4 milligrams (30% DV)
Pinto Beans (7) — 1 cup cooked: 0.4 milligrams (30% DV)
Avocado (8) — 1 raw: 0.4 milligrams (30% DV)
Chicken Breast (9) — ½ one breast: 0.3 milligrams (23% DV)
Blackstrap Molasses (10) — 2 tablespoons: 0.26 milligrams (20% DV)
Sunflower Seeds (11) — 1/4 cup: 0.25 milligrams (19% DV)
Sesame Seeds (12) — 1/4 cup: .25 milligrams (19% DV)
Chickpeas/Garbanzo Beans (13) — 1 cup cooked: 0.2 milligrams (15% DV)
Amaranth Grain (14) — 1 cup cooked: 0.2 milligrams (15%DV)
..”

*see Health-Neutral Perspective: Alcohol: Good and Bad? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
“…Alcoholism increases the risk of vitamin B6 deficiency just as it does for many other B vitamins. Otherwise deficiencies are rare. Symptoms include anemia, dermatitis, depression, confusion and convulsions…”

“..Vitamin B12 – Cobalamin

Functions:
Participates in the metabolism of folate
Helps protect the myelin sheath, the coating that surrounds and protects nerve fibers

Recommended Intakes of B12: The RDA is 2.4 micrograms for both men and women.
Sources of B12: There are no sources of B12 in foods of vegetable origin, so strict vegans will need a supplement. Fish, beef, poultry and dairy contain naturally occurring vitamin B12. Vegans can obtain B12 from fortified breakfast cereals and fortified soy products as well as supplements…”


*see Health: Vegetarian-Vegan Diet Needs? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Top 10 Vitamin B12 Foods draxe.com
“…Benefits of vitamin B12 are vast and include boosting energy, reducing depression, decreasing sugar cravings and lowering neurological degeneration. This is definitely a vitamin B (one of eight) that you don’t want to fall short on for so many reasons! How can you get B12 in your diet? Consume naturally high vitamin B12 foods like meat, poultry, fish, eggs and dairy products. Are you ready for some of my top healthy picks when it comes to foods high in B12?
Top 10 Vitamin B12 Foods

Here are just some of the vitamin B12 foods you can consume on a regular basis to make sure you’re getting enough of this essential vitamin in your diet:

Beef liver: 1 ounce: 20 micrograms (over 300 percent DV)
Sardines: 3 ounces: 6.6 micrograms (over 100 percent DV)

Atlantic mackerel: 3 ounces: 7.4 micrograms (over 100 percent DV)
Lamb: 3 ounces: 2.7 micrograms (45 percent DV)
Wild-caught salmon: 3 ounces: 2.6 micrograms (42 percent DV)
Nutritional yeast: 1 tablespoon: 2.4 micrograms (40 percent DV)
Feta cheese: 0.5 cup: 1.25 micrograms (21 percent DV)
Grass-fed beef: 3 ounces: 1.2 micrograms (20 percent DV)
Cottage Cheese: 1 cup: 0.97 micrograms (16 percent DV)
Eggs: 1 large: 0.6 micrograms (11 percent DV)
..

“…
When You Get Too Much or Too Little B12: There are no known toxicity effects of vitamin B12. A healthy individual who switches from an omnivorous diet to a vegan diet will not become vitamin B12 deficient right away because we can store enough B12 in the liver to last two years. Older people are at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency because many have a stomach condition that decreases the absorption of this vitamin. Too little vitamin B12 causes a type of anemia called megaloblastic anemia. The red blood cells grow very large and have a short life span. Because of vitamin B12’s role in protecting the myelin sheath, a deficiency also causes neurological symptoms including tingling, numbness, cognitive changes, disorientation and dementia….

*see Health: How to “improve” your memory? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
“…
These neurological defects may or may not be reversible. Pernicious anemia is the form of B12 deficiency resulting from an autoimmune disease that damages the stomach and inhibits vitamin B12 absorption. Pernicious anemia is treated with vitamin B12 injections.

..”

Folate – Folic Acid (synthetic form)

“.. Functions:
Assists in DNA synthesis and cell division
Participates in amino acid metabolism
Required for the maturation of cells including red blood cells

Recommended Intakes of Folate: The RDA for men and women is 400 micrograms. The RDA during pregnancy increases to 600 micrograms.
One glass of orange juiceSources of Folate: Fortified breakfast cereals and enriched grains are important sources of folic acid. Other reliable sources of folate include legumes, green leafy vegetables, orange juice, wheat germ and liver…

Folate vs Folic Acid… 1 is Healthy and 1 is Dangerous draxe.com

“…Folic Acid Side Effects

Folic acid is a synthetic B vitamin found in supplements and fortified foods. Curiously, mainstream media and government agencies use the term synonymously with folate, the natural form of multiple B vitamins commonly referred to as “vitamin B9.”…

..High Folate Foods

It is important to keep in mind that folic acid was relatively non-existent in our diet until being first introduced in 1943. After it was shown to help prevent the risk of developing neural tube defects in infants, it became part of the mandatory food fortification list in 1998.

Until then, humans received their vitamin B9 naturally in the foods that they ate.

The highest folate foods include:

Citrus fruits and juices

Dark green leafy vegetables
Liver
Soaked Beans
Poultry
Sprouted ancient grains

Here is an excellent chart listing out some of the best high folate foods… except for number 4 (breakfast cereal), which actually contains folic acid:..”

“..
When You Get Too Much or Too Little Folate: Excess folic acid may mask a deficiency of vitamin B12 by reversing or preventing anemia. Unfortunately, the neurological effects of a lack of vitamin B12 still continue without early obvious signs. The UL for adults is 1,000 micrograms from folic acid supplements and fortified foods. Because folate is required for cell division, too little folate causes megaloblastic anemia just as a lack of vitamin B12 does. Inadequate folate stores and intakes are linked to increased risks of birth defects such as spina bifida and anencephaly (neural tube defect in which all or part of the brain is missing). Low folate intake is also linked to increased risks of heart disease and cancer.

..”

7. Vitamin C – Ascorbic Acid

Functions:
Enhances iron absorption
Helps with collagen synthesis
Acts as an antioxidant
Regenerates vitamin E
Plays a role in immune function
Assists in the synthesis of neurotransmitters, DNA and hormones

Special interest in vitamin C in the treatment or prevention of the common cold: A review of the research does not suggest that vitamin C supplements prevent colds in the general public. However, among those subjected to extreme cold or engaging in extreme physical activity, vitamin C doses ranging between 250 mg/day to 1000 mg/day reduced the incidence of colds by 50%. Taken before the onset of a cold, supplemental vitamin C appears to slightly reduce the length of the cold.
Recommended Intakes of Vitamin C: The RDA for men and women is 90 and 75 milligrams respectively. Smokers should add and additional 35 milligrams per day.

Sources of Vitamin C: Vitamin C is present in fruits and vegetables. Rich sources include bell peppers, citrus fruits, strawberries, pineapple, kiwifruit, potatoes, tomatoes, broccoli and leafy greens…”

Vitamin C Foods, Signs of Deficiency, & Health Benefits draxe.com
“..Top Food Sources of Vitamin C:

Try to consume 2-3 of these vitamin C foods sources daily; this will help you maintain optimal levels of vitamin C. Many of these foods are included in my recommended healing diet due to their high antioxidant content and numerous health benefits.

1) Guava

1 fruit: 377 mg (over 628% DV)

2) Black Currant

1 cup: 203 mg (over 338% DV)

3) Red pepper

1 cup raw: 190 mg (over 317% DV)

4) Kiwi

1 piece: 164 mg (273% DV)

5) Green peppers

1 cup chopped, raw: 120 mg (200% DV)

6) Orange

1 large: 82 mg (over 163% DV)

7) Strawberries

1 cup: 89.4 mg (149% DV)

8) Papaya

1 cup, in pieces: 86.5 mg (over 144% DV)

9) Broccoli

1 cup raw: 81.2 mg (135% DV)

10) Kale

1 cup raw: 80 mg (134% DV)

11) Parsley

1 cup, fresh: 79.8 mg (over 133%)

12) Pineapple

1 cup, fresh: 78.9 mg (over 131%)

13) Brussels sprouts

1 cup raw: 74.8 mg (125% DV)

14) Grapefruit

1 cup: 71.8 mg (120% DV)

15) Peas

1 cup raw: 58 mg (97% DV)

16) Cauliflower

1 cup raw, chopped: 46.4 mg (over 77% DV)

17) Mango

1 cup: 45.7 mg (76% DV)..”

water soluble vitamins

Water-Soluble Vitamins: B-Complex and Vitamin C – 9.312 xtension.colostate.edu
Table 1. Recommended Dietary Intake (RDA) and Adequate Intake (AI) for Water-Soluble Vitamins

Vitamins made easy (water soluble)

Vitamins and Minerals helpguide.org
Are You Getting What You Need?
“..What they do

Although water-soluble vitamins have many tasks in the body, one of the most important is helping to free the energy found in the food you eat. Others help keep tissues healthy. Here are some examples of how different vitamins help you maintain health:

Release energy. Several B vitamins are key components of certain coenzymes (molecules that aid enzymes) that help release energy from food.
Produce energy. Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, and biotin engage in energy production.
Build proteins and cells. Vitamins B6, B12, and folic acid metabolize amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) and help cells multiply.
Make collagen. One of many roles played by vitamin C is to help make collagen, which knits together wounds, supports blood vessel walls, and forms a base for teeth and bones.
..”

*see Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 2~Vitamins=Fat Soluble & Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 3~Vitamins=Major Minerals & Health: Nutrition-Micronutrients Pt. 4~Vitamins=Trace Minerals

Any other suggestions, feedback, comments, questions, etc..?

Digestive System
*see Medical: How the Digestive System works? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Digestion of Vitaminsby Cydney Walker livewell.jillianmichaels.com
‘…Water-soluble vitamins have to be obtained through the diet daily because excess levels are excreted through your urine and feces..

Digestion of Vitamins

…Water-soluble vitamins are digested and transported into the blood through active-transport channels in the intestine, meaning the concentration of the vitamin allows for channels to open and the vitamin to cross the intestines to a specific protein in the blood. Vitamin B-12 needs a specific transport protein called the intrinsic factor for absorption. The intrinsic factor is a protein produced by the stomach to combine with vitamin B-12 when stomach acid comes in contact with food for digestion, according to Colorado State University. When vitamin B-12 and intrinsic factor reach the small intestines, the pH of the digested food becomes higher, allowing both components to combine and B-12 to become absorbed into your bloodstream.

Function

The small intestine serves as the primary site of vitamin digestion and absorption. Vitamins perform various functions in the body. Vitamin C is incorporated into collagen, a protein that serves to provide structure for your bones and skin. Vitamin D acts to enhance calcium absorption from your small intestines and incorporate calcium into your bones. Vitamin K maintains proper blood clotting proteins and increases calcium deposition in your bones in addition to vitamin D. B-complex vitamins aid in the digestion and use of carbohydrates, proteins and fat for energy….”

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